Emil Schneider (politician)

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Emil Schneider (born May 28, 1883 in Höchst ; † December 25, 1961 in Bregenz ) was Minister of Education of the Republic of Austria from 1922 to 1926 .


He spent his high school years in Feldkirch and Bregenz, where he, together with the trauma surgeon Lorenz Böhler from Wolfurt, belonged to the first high school graduation class of the Communal-Obergymnasium Bregenz , which opened in 1895 .

In Innsbruck and Vienna he enrolled in history and geography. In 1910 he was made a candidate for teaching and in the same year he received his doctorate in philosophy. His student days fell during the Kulturkampf, which culminated in the so-called " Wahrmund Affair ".

He took the Christian Social side position, in the fall of 1903 when K.Ö.HV Leopoldina in Innsbruck rezipiert and teamed up in 1908 as the founder and benefactor of the Catholic CV connection AV Raeto-Bavaria Innsbruck forth. For two years, Schneider taught at the PORG private high school in Volders in Tyrol and then at the upper secondary school in Dornbirn .

During the First World War he worked in the reserve hospital in Dornbirn. In 1914 he married Josephine Hillebrand and had a daughter and a son with her.

On December 28, 1918 Schneider was elected chairman of the Christian Social Local Party in Dornbirn. In the first elections after the war, Schneider was elected to the National Council on March 4, 1919, as a member of the Constituent National Assembly, of which he was a member until November 9, 1920.

Minister of Education (1922–1926)

In 1922 the new Federal Chancellor Ignaz Seipel accepted Schneider into his government and entrusted the newly created Federal Ministry for Education and Culture to the conciliatory Schneider, who was committed to the mild tone.

As Minister of Education, Emil Schneider supported E. Janner's ski training activities in the 1920s and thus laid the foundation for today's St. Christoph Sports Center in St. Anton am Arlberg , which is inextricably linked with names such as Stefan Kruckenhauser and Franz Hoppichler .

A two-thirds majority was necessary in questions of school law, which made cooperation between the two major parties, the Christian Socialists and the Social Democrats , necessary. In addition, the school system was organized on a federalist basis, which resulted in an extremely tough political battle between the Christian Social Education Minister and the Social Democratic Viennese City School Councilor Otto Glöckel .

The disputes between the parties finally culminated in a scuffle during the National Council meeting on June 17, 1926. An article in the Christian social party newspaper “Reichspost” penned by Friedrich Funder also did the rest.

In order to save the government of Rudolf Ramek, the Minister of Education was eventually sacrificed. Emil Schneider, who was on a trip abroad in Cologne, had to find out from the newspaper about his resignation on June 16, 1926.

Director at the Bundesrealschule in Dornbirn (1927–1938)

In 1927 he returned to the Bundesrealschule Dornbirn as director . In 1938 he was removed from office for political reasons and had to vacate his official apartment. From 1943 he was temporarily employed as an assistant teacher in Bregenz and Dornbirn.

Director of the federal high school for girls in Bregenz (1945–1949)

From 1945 to 1949 he was the first director of the Bundesrealgymnasium for girls in Bregenz, which was housed in the Benedictine monastery of St. Gallusstift, the current building of the Vorarlberg State Library .

City Councilor for Culture in Bregenz (from 1950)

In 1950 he retired. In the same year he was the top candidate for the ÖVP in the Bregenz municipal council elections . After disputes between the coalition parties ÖVP and WdU (Electoral Association of Independents, the predecessor organization of the FPÖ), he took the mayor's chair to Dr. Karl Tizian , who was to remain mayor of the state capital for twenty years. Schneider himself became a city councilor for culture, teaching, kindergartens, day care centers, orphanages, hospitals and medical services. In 1950 he became chairman of the Bregenz Adult Education Center .

Schneider died on December 25, 1961.


  • Wolfgang Weber: " Christian. German. Patriotic ." Minister Dr. Emil Schneider and his work in the Vorarlberg Rheingau, in: Dr. Emil Schneider. A Minister of Education from “the blackest of Austria”! 1883–1961, ed. by Klaus Plitzner and Wolfgang Scheffknecht (= writings of the Vorarlberger Landesarchiv 7), Schwarzach, fink's verlag 2001, pp. 301–312.

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