St. Anton am Arlberg
St. Anton am Arlberg
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Landeck|
|License plate :||LA|
|Residents :||2,372 (Jan 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||14 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||6580|
|Area code :||05446|
|Community code :||7 06 21|
|Address of the
6580 St. Anton am Arlberg
|Mayor :||Helmut Mall|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of St. Anton am Arlberg in the Landeck district|
St. Anton am Arlberg in 2016, view from Galzig into the valley
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
St. Anton am Arlberg is a municipality with 2372 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the district of Landeck in the state of Tyrol ( Austria ). It lies at the foot of the Arlberg on the border with Vorarlberg . St. Anton, once an important passport, is the largest contiguous ski area in Austria thanks to the Ski Arlberg ski area, the fifth largest worldwide, one of the most famous winter sports locations and is considered to be the cradle of Alpine skiing .
St. Anton is located in the upper part of the Stanzertal , around 100 km west of the state capital Innsbruck , on the border with Vorarlberg between the Lechtal Alps in the north and the Verwall group in the south on the Rosanna . The main town is at , the municipality extends up to ( cake topping ). The local mountain is the Gampen and the highest point that can be reached with lifts is the summit of the Valluga at
The municipality has an area of 165.81 km², which means that St. Anton is larger in area than the Principality of Liechtenstein .
The municipality includes the following two localities (population in brackets as of January 1, 2020):
- St. Anton am Arlberg (1740)
- St. Jakob am Arlberg (632)
|∗||Kaisers ( Reutte district )|
|Klösterle ( District Bludenz , Vlbg. )|
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for St. Anton am Arlberg
Development of the community name
St. Anton am Arlberg has already had its fifth name within 750 years: Called Vallis taberna around 1275 , the name Stanzertal followed for centuries (1275 - approx. 1805) before the community name St. Jakob for a short time as the location of the old curate of St Jacob was taken over. (1805 - ca.1811). This name should not have been satisfactory either and they agreed on the community name after the old district Nasserein (1811-1927), which is located in the middle of the two fractions St. Jakob and St. Anton, probably also because the Postgasthaus is in this district until 1824.
With the construction of the new country road in 1824, the two districts of St. Jakob and Nasserein were bypassed and the district of St. Anton became more and more important. When the Arlbergbahn was built between 1880 and 1884 , it was already clear at the planning stage that the station would be called St. Anton am Arlberg , although the community name was still Nasserein. In 1927 the community previously called Stanzertal was finally renamed St. Anton am Arlberg.
When Tyrol and Vorarlberg joined the Habsburg Empire in 1363 , traffic increased on the road across the Arlberg. The transport of all kinds of merchandise, especially salt , and military goods including troop movements were of great importance. The villages on both sides of the Arlberg blossomed and new settlements emerged. In the list of subjects from 1427, 88 “family fathers with wives and children” are named, but in the list of fireplaces only 65 fireplaces. This suggests that many families lived in double and triple houses. The original village regulations from 1656 and 1802, which contain all the farms and their residents, including their rights and duties, are also very informative .
After the sale of the alpine areas on the Arlberg (called Alpe Stern) together with other alpine rights in 1450 to the city of Lindau on Lake Constance, the city gained control of the Arlberg traffic. Lindau, however, promoted the salt transport from Hall over the Fernpass and thus seriously damaged the salt transport traffic over the Arlberg.
In the course of the 15th century, the road over the Arlberg fell into such disrepair that it was no longer passable by car. This condition persisted from approx. 1450 to 1787 and was only remedied with the opening of Josephinische Strasse over the Arlberg. The resulting strong increase in carriage traffic forced the further expansion of the Kunststraße in 1824, which resulted in the bypassing of St. Jakob and Nasserein.
Around 1860, Arlberg traffic quickly decreased again, as railways had already been built in the foothills of the Alps and the salt was now being transported again via Bavaria. The financial decline was palpable for the population in all parts of the village. Many locals now went abroad again as bricklayers, carpenters or henchmen because they could not make a living from small-scale agriculture.
In 1880 the construction of the Arlbergbahn and the Arlberg tunnel began. Emperor Franz Josef I himself visited the tunnel construction site in 1881 and went about 1000 m into the tunnel to get an idea of the largest construction site in the monarchy. The opening in 1884 meant not only a one-time major technical achievement, but also an enormous economic boom for the areas on both sides of the Arlberg. The railway construction brought work and the first tourists came to St. Anton am Arlberg by train.
First a blessing, later a curse of the Arlberg community St. Anton was the increasing traffic over the Arlbergpass. From the mid-1950s, traffic had increased so much that the community had to take countermeasures. The idea of the Arlberg road tunnel in connection with the Arlberg expressway was born . In 1974 work finally began on the 13.91 kilometer long tunnel between St. Anton and Langen in Vorarlberg. On December 1, 1978 this was handed over to its destination. This measure led to a strong calming of car traffic in St. Anton, so that in the following period the village street could be declared a pedestrian zone in large parts.
The Swabian children
Due to the poor economic situation in the village, the often sad chapter of the Swabian children began around 1815 . Countless children of poor people - mostly mountain farmers and day laborers - were sent in groups over the summer to the relatively wealthy Swabia and there, for example, at the children's markets. B. in Ravensburg offered as cheap labor. Most of the time they had to hire themselves out as guardian children and maids - this was not to end until 1914.
Influences of the National Socialist rule and the Second World War
The annexation of Austria to the National Socialist German Reich in 1938 was not without consequences in St. Anton. There were arrests , evictions and anti-Semitic measures; Thus, on the western edge of the village, the plaque “Jews are undesirable in St. Anton” was put up. The mentally ill and handicapped were victims of the T4 campaign .
So was also Rudolf Gomperz , which together with Hannes Schneider had made St. Anton a leading ski resort, one of the last Jews deported from Tyrol to Vienna to concentration camps Maly, where he was murdered. Furthermore, two women from the village were abducted to Hartheim and murdered there as "unworthy life".
Shortly before the end of the war, the village resembled an army camp: German troops fleeing the advancing Americans jammed in front of the Arlberg Pass, which was impassable due to unusually high snowfall. Shortly before the American invasion at the beginning of May 1945, the German troops managed to move on, so that the place could be taken by the American troops largely without fighting.
Of 240 soldiers from St. Anton who were drafted during World War II, 86 did not return.
Development of tourism
In 1895 the innkeeper Carl Schuler built the first hotel, which opened in 1897 under the name Hotel Post . The Hotel Post had around 110 beds, central heating , electric lighting, reading and billiard rooms, a bowling alley and a lawn tennis court . More hotels soon followed. In 1910, St. Anton already had 328 guest beds, which rose to 369 by the beginning of the First World War , which initially stopped tourism development.
On January 3rd, 1901, the Arlberg Ski Club was founded in the hospice in St. Christoph and the first ski races were soon held. In 1907 Hannes Schneider came to the Hotel Post in St. Anton as a ski instructor. With his Arlberg technique, he revolutionized modern skiing. In 1922 he founded the St. Anton ski school . In the years that followed, the number of beds increased further; in 1927, thanks to the tireless efforts of Rudolf Gomperz (head of the tourist office from 1926), there were already 664 beds for guests.
In the 1930s, Arnold Fanck made several feature films in St. Anton, including The White Rush , Fox Hunting in the Engadine and the Wonder of the Snowshoe , which had a lasting impact on the development of skiing not only on the Arlberg but in the entire Alps. In 1934 there were 1,000 guest beds and around 55,000 overnight stays in St. Anton.
With the construction of the cable car to the Galzig in 1937, whose tireless advocate and pioneer was Rudolf Gomperz , the foundation stone was laid for a large-scale cable car development, which began in the post-war years with the construction of the St. Christoph, Valluga, Gampen and Kapall cable cars Continued. At the beginning of the Second World War , 1154 beds could be counted, during the war St. Anton was a front-line holiday destination for several army units.
It was not until 1947 that tourism slowly got going again and continued steadily with great increases. The number of guest beds rose from 1700 (1956) to 5658 (1975) with over 560,000 overnight stays. Further cable car developments followed in the years 1965 to 1975, including a complete new development with the construction of the Rendlbahn in Moostal .
This development continued from 1975 to 1985 and with the Arlberg tariff network, St. Anton became a large-scale ski area that enabled guests to use all lifts on the entire Arlberg. In 1985 the number of beds increased to 7,325 with 815,000 overnight stays. In 1995 the number of beds was 8,500 with 900,000 overnight stays. In the 1990s, the snowmaking systems were also expanded by the Arlberger Bergbahnen, which ensured that there was extensive snow coverage on all ski mountains.
Wolf pit avalanche in 1988
On March 13, 1988 at around 6:50 am, an avalanche broke out from the catchment areas of the Wolfsgrubenbach and Stockibach and buried parts of the Nasserein district. One house was completely destroyed and 29 others damaged. Five Swedish vacationers and two local women died and 23 others were injured. The B197 and the Arlbergbahn were buried under up to 5 m of snow; St. Anton was cut off from the outside world for three days. Work on the avalanche barriers began the following summer and was only fully completed in 2014.
Alpine World Ski Championships 2001
In 1996 at the FIS Congress in Christchurch / New Zealand , St. Anton was awarded the contract to host the 2001 Alpine World Ski Championships . The World Cup itself then turned into a major sporting event with more than 350,000 spectators on site. Directly or indirectly in connection with the World Cup, numerous new building projects arose in the area. The multifunctional congress center ARLBERG-well.com , the finish stadium “FIS Alpine Ski WM 2001” and the Nassereinbahn were direct world championship projects. In addition, many hoteliers used the opportunity to increase the number of beds by expanding their rooms or renovating their guest houses. A major project in connection with the Alpine World Ski Championships was also the relocation of the train station and the route.
In connection with the Alpine World Ski Championships in 2001, the Arlberg railway line was relocated to the municipality and a new train station was built. The two billion schilling project was completed within 36 months and official operations on the new route began on September 10, 2000. By relocating the railway, the decades-long division of the village by the railway line was lifted and new open spaces were created in the middle of the village. Some were planted with a park. The noise nuisance also decreased significantly due to the now enclosed track. The old station building is a listed building and will be preserved.
Alpine floods in 2005
During the flood in August 2005 , the highest flow rate of the Rosanna to date was measured at 186 m³ / s at the Strengen gauge . In several places the Rosanna stepped over its banks and destroyed u. a. the Arlberg road B 197 in St. Anton. Between Flirsch and Strengen, the embankment of the Arlbergbahn was undermined, in Strengen also parts of the B171 , so that the upper Stanzer Valley and thus St. Anton were cut off from the outside world for several days. Telephone, cellular and Internet connections were also interrupted. The southern tube of the Strenger Tunnel , which was under construction at the time , was provisionally prepared for traffic within a few days in order to re-create a makeshift road connection. In contrast to the Paznaun, however, due to the shape of the Stanzer Valley, there was no large-scale flooding.
In April 2009 the population was 2632. It has thus roughly tripled in the last 100 years, because in 1901 there were just 877 inhabitants. The number of houses was 106 in 1901 and over 800 in 2009.
On March 13, 2020, St. Anton was quarantined for two weeks in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic in Austria . Foreign guests were asked to leave the country beforehand. Sometimes guests fled St. Anton on foot.
The community is located in the judicial district of Landeck .
The municipal council consists of 15 members and has been made up of mandates from the following lists since the 2016 municipal council election:
- 6 Mayor list - represents the mayor
- 3 List of St. Jacob
- 2 with - a - nond
- 2 balance
- 2 LIST.A
In the direct election of the mayor in parallel to the municipal council election in 2016, the previous mayor Helmut Mall was re-elected as the only candidate.
coat of arms
Blazon : In silver over a blue waved shield base, three green mountains, the right and left raised and with silver tips, the middle with a post that tapers upwards , above it with its fangs on the right and left mountain, the Tyrolean eagle . The colors of the municipality flag are white and red.
Since 1927, all Tyrolean municipalities have had the right to use a coat of arms (until then this was reserved for cities and markets). St. Anton was the first municipality to be awarded a coat of arms under the new law. It was awarded in the course of the name change in 1927 and symbolizes the pass location at the “Gateway to Tyrol” from the west. The silver post stands for Arlbergstrasse, the corrugated shield base for Rosanna.
Economy and Infrastructure
The tourism dominates the almost mono-structured economy on the Arlberg region. There are still several craft, trade and service companies, but they are mainly dependent on ski tourism. The Arlberg cable cars open up, as the largest lift companies in Tarifverbund with 31 cable cars and lifts - with an hourly total capacity of 58,405 people, the ski resort Ski Arlberg .
With around 10,000 guest beds in hotels and lodging establishments, around one million overnight stays are achieved per winter season. While the summer season was also important up to the 1970s due to the title high altitude health resort , but declined considerably due to the beginning of the increasingly efficient long-distance travel tourism, a trend towards summer tourism in St. Anton has been noticeable again since the beginning of the 90s. Sports such as mountain biking or Nordic walking attract more and more sports-loving holidaymakers to the Arlberg when there is little snow. Hotels, restaurants and mountain railways have adapted to this and are now offering special active packages for summer guests.
An outdoor pool with a wellness center has existed since 2002 to attract tourists even in the summer months. In 2008, the old tennis hall was also renewed, which now contains a bowling / skittle alley, a multi-purpose hall (tennis, volleyball, soccer) as well as a squash court and an air rifle shooting range. The heart of the new hall is the climbing area.
Nevertheless, ski tourism remains the town's main source of income.
The tourist infrastructure in summer includes
- approx. 96 km of marked hiking trails
- two via ferratas
- a winter via ferrata
- an indoor pool with an outdoor area (in addition to numerous hotel indoor pools)
- Hiking trails
- Mountain bike routes
- Fishing opportunities
The tourist infrastructure in the Ski Arlberg network includes
- 88 lifts and cable cars (lifts of the place listed individually in the article Arlberger Bergbahnen )
- 305 km of groomed slopes with the following levels of difficulty: 131 km easy, 123 km medium, 51 km difficult
- 200 km of natural, but secured deep snow routes
- 10 ski touring routes
- an indoor pool with outdoor area (in addition to numerous hotel indoor pools) and fitness center
- a multifunctional sports center
- an illuminated, 4.3 km long toboggan run (from the top station of the Nassereinbahn) with a height difference of over 500 m.
There are ski huts (some of which are also open in summer) in the entire ski area. Here is a selection: Toboggan hut (at the toboggan run), Hospiz-Alm (St. Christoph), Heustadl, Sennhütte, Ulmer Hütte ( DAV hut), Kaminstube, Mooserwirt, etc. v. m.
List of facilities in St. Anton am Arlberg
|Surname||Construction year||system||Height above sea level
Valley station [meters]
|Height above sea level
Mountain station [meters]
||2003||6-CLD / B||2,009||2,400||1,137||2.211||W.||0|
||1990||4-CLD / B||1.310||1,850||1,492||2,400||W.||S.|
||1998||6-CLD / B||1,846||2,328||1,252||3,200||W.||S.|
||1995||4-CLD / B||1,854||2,180||1,229||2,650||W.||0|
|Corrugated track I
|Corrugated track II
|Salt floor lift
|Schindlergratbahn (new from winter 19/20)
|Dance floor track
||2013||6-CLD / B-SV||1,973||2,177||694||2,000||W.||0|
|Gampen I practice lift
|Gampen II practice lift
|Practice lift-Nasserein-Kinderpark (Hoppellift)
||1990||4-CLD / B||1,695||2,183||1,597||2,400||W.||0|
The abbreviations in the "System" column are explained under aerial cableway .
Last 2 columns:
W = winter operation / S = summer operation; each highlighted in green
0 = no summer operation, highlighted in red
The agriculture is structured in the community has always been small, and for many years declined sharply. There are currently 41 part-time businesses, most of which are located in the St. Jakob district. The alpine pastures (called Alps) are also still managed. In addition to cattle and sheep husbandry, horses ( Haflinger horses ) have been kept again in recent years .
St. Anton has two kindergartens, two elementary schools and a secondary school / new middle school.
In the district of St. Christoph is the Federal Ski Academy St. Christoph am Arlberg ( Ski Austria Academy , formerly Bundessportheim). In addition to ski instructors and sports students, competitive athletes in the alpine area are also trained here. Numerous successful skiers have attended this school.
Culture and sights
Buildings and museums
Within the community there are the two Catholic parishes St. Anton and St. Jakob, whose church buildings are worth seeing.
- The church of St. Anton was built in 1698 in honor of St. Consecrated to the Virgin, Francis and the local patron Antonius of Padua. The church was expanded in 1932 by Clemens Holzmeister and is considered a particularly successful example of early monument preservation, which combines old structures with modern architecture. With a largely baroque appearance on the outside, the interior is characterized by modernity in terms of architecture, painting and furnishings.
- The St. Anton cemetery is located below the village and is also a listed building.
- The St. Jakober Church , dedicated to the Apostle James the Elder. The previous church was the oldest church in the upper Stanzertal (mentioned in 1275). The current church was built in 1773–1778. The defiant spire from 1888 was the town's landmark and was rebuilt after a fire in 1943. The interior is an important, closed baroque ensemble. The pulpit in particular is particularly valuable from an artistic point of view. The facade is adorned with a large painting of Christophorus. The church's graveyard is also noteworthy.
- The ski and local history museum in the Trier villa is well worth seeing .
St. Anton is known for its discos, pubs and bars on the village street and on the slopes along the valley runs. Are known z. B. the Krazy Kanguruh , the Kaminstube , the Mooserwirt , and the TAPS on the slopes, and in town the Bobo’s , the Horny B , the Murrmel Bar , the Piccadilly , the Postkeller and the Scotty’s . Due to the high proportion of international guests (over 50% are non-German-speaking), the "bar language" is partly English.
Sons and daughters:
- Cassian Spiß (1866–1905), Benedictine monk and Bishop of South Zanzibar (today the Archdiocese of Dar-Es-Salaam)
- Rudolph Matt (1909–1993), Austrian skier and world champion in slalom in 1936
- Friedl Pfeifer (1911–1995), Austrian ski racer
- Josef "Pepi" Jennewein (1919–1943), Austrian and German ski racer, ski jumper and world champion in Alpine Combined in 1939
- Albert Pfeifer (1919–1943), Austrian and German ski racer
- Josef "Pepi" Gabl (1920–1992), Austrian ski racer and trainer
- Franz Gabl (1921–2014), Austrian ski racer and winner of the silver medal in downhill skiing at the 1948 Winter Olympics
- Karl Fahrner (1929–1996), Austrian ski racer
- Hans Thöni (* 1931), master builder and local researcher
- Ernst Falch (* 1939), Austrian ski racer
- Max von Tilzer (* 1939), Austrian biologist and professor emeritus for aquatic ecology at the University of Konstanz and former director of the Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research
- Helmut Schranz (* 1941), Austrian ski racer
- Gertrud Gabl (1948–1976), Austrian ski racer and World Cup winner
- Andreas Öttl (* 1974), solo trumpeter in the orchestra of the Bavarian State Opera, university professor for trumpet at the Mozarteum University in Salzburg
Honorary citizen of the community:
- Giacomo Nobile Ceconi (1833–1910), services to the construction of the Arlberg tunnel
- Carl Franz Schuler (1851–1917), travel companion, hotelier
- Matthias Strobl (1865–1925), pastor in St. Jakob am Arlberg
- Franz Xaver Zangerle (1848–1932), companion of tourism
- Carl Wagner (1850–1933), chief engineer, founded the volunteer fire department
- Alois Haueis (1860–1951), Chairman of the Tyrolean Farmers' Union, Minister for Agriculture and Forestry
- Rybizka Adolf (1872–1953), Medical Councilor
- Hannes Schneider (1890–1955), ski pioneer and founder of the Arlberg Ski School
- Ernst Rüdiger Prince of Starhemberg (1899–1956), federal leader of the home leaders
- Heinrich Keim (1892–1956), teacher, organist and conductor
- Guido Schmidt (1901–1957), State Secretary
- Josef Joham (1889–1959), General Manager
- Ezio Foradori (1887–1960), industrialist
- Julius Marzani (1879–1961), ski pioneer and ski school director
- Julius Raab (1891–1964), Federal Chancellor
- Josef Schumacher (1894–1971), Governor of Tyrol
- Walter Schuler (1891–1976), farmer and hotelier
- Kurt Schuschnigg (1897–1977), Minister of Justice and Education
- Rudolf Draxl (1910–1984), farmer and ski instructor
- Rudi Matt (1909–1993), ski school director
- Otto Murr (1921–2003), surgeon, chairman of mountain rescue and tourism association
- Herbert Sprenger (1932–2003), mayor for 24 years, secondary school director, conductor, organist
- Rudolf Tschol (1943–2015), former mayor, former chairman of the tourism association
- Fritz Tschol (1929–2016), Catholic clergyman and vicar general of the Territorial Prelature of Xingu, the largest diocese in Brazil
- Adolf Werner (* 1936), brotherhood master of the Brotherhood of St. Christoph and hotelier
- Franz Vranitzky (* 1937), Federal Chancellor
- Wendelin Weingartner (* 1937), Altlandeshaupmann Tirol
- Karl Schranz (* 1938), ski world champion from St. Anton
- Rudolf Streicher (* 1939), entrepreneur, politician and conductor
- Bruno Decristoforo (* 1946), pastor in Dölsach (East Tyrol). Was pastor in Sankt Anton am Arlberg for 25 years (until 2008).
- Karl Schlögl (* 1955), politician (SPÖ), former Minister of the Interior of Austria
- Hans Thöni: St. Anton am Arlberg. Development history of the community in one representation. Freipresse, Bludenz 1996, ISBN 3-85193-027-05.
- Hans Thöni: Hannes Schneider - on the 100th birthday of the ski pioneer . (no ISBN)
- Skiclub Arlberg (Ed.): Skiclub Arlberg - A century report . 2000, ISBN 3-9501375-0-5 .
- Community website
- Entry on St. Anton am Arlberg in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- 70621 - St. Anton am Arlberg. Community data, Statistics Austria .
- History-Tyrol: St. Anton am Arlberg
- Arlberg mountain railways
- St. Anton am Arlberg
- Statistics Austria: Population on January 1st, 2020 by locality (area status on January 1st, 2020) , ( CSV )
- Torrent and avalanche events in the 1980s. December 11, 2012, accessed March 19, 2020 .
- St. Anton: avalanche barriers completed. October 9, 2014, accessed March 19, 2020 .
- Austria's most serious avalanche accidents. February 8, 2016, accessed March 19, 2020 .
- Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment and Water Management (Ed.): Flood 2005 - Event documentation of the Federal Water Management Administration, the Forestry Service for Torrent and Avalanche Control and the Hydrographic Service. Vienna 2006 ( PDF; 5.2 MB ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. )
- St. Anton and Paznaun under quarantine. March 13, 2020, accessed March 13, 2020 .
- Election results of the municipality of St. Anton: Municipal council and mayor elections 2016
- Eduard Widmoser: Tiroler Wappenfibel . Tyrolia-Verlag, Innsbruck 1978, ISBN 3-7022-1324-4 .
- Mozarteum - people. Retrieved June 11, 2019 .
- History. In: st-anton.at. Retrieved February 12, 2019 .