Nikolai of Japan
Nicholas of Japan (born August 1 . Jul / 13 August 1836 greg. In Smolensk as Ivan Dmitrievich Kassatkin ; † February 3 jul. / 16th February 1912 greg. In Tokyo ) was a Russian monk of the Orthodox Church. He introduced the Orthodox Church in Japan and also became the first Orthodox Archbishop of Tokyo and Japan.
Nikolai studied theology in Saint Petersburg from 1857 . In 1860 he became a monk and in the same year also a priest. During his student days, he responded to an appeal seeking a priest for the Russians stationed there for the chapel of the Russian consulate in Hakodate . In 1861 he traveled to Japan, but began in Hakodate - contrary to the wishes of the consul - single-handedly with proselytizing the local Japanese. Then he went to Tokyo, where the first diocese of the Orthodox Church in Japan was founded.
He then stayed in Japan permanently. Even during the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) his loyalty was more with the Japanese Christians than with the Russian state. His work was "by rejecting all political ties and by developing a Japanese clergy purposefully aimed at founding a genuinely Japanese 'young church'".
When he died, the Orthodox Church in Japan had about 30,000 members and is about the same today.
Nikolai of Japan translated the parts of the Old Testament read in the liturgy , the New Testament and the remaining texts of the Orthodox liturgy into Japanese . His translations are written in a classic literary Japanese and are considered relatively demanding reading. He followed the Slavic-Greek tradition in the sound form of biblical proper names, which is why these often differ greatly from Japanese Bibles of the Western tradition. (Ex: for Jesus he wrote Iisusu , while other churches use Iyesu ).
- Heinrich Michael Knechten: Russian messengers of faith . Hartmut Spenner, Kamen, 2nd, expanded edition 2019, ISBN 978-3-89991-206-7 , pp. 172-181.
- Institute for Japanese Culture and Classics: "A Shinto Patriarch's Confrontation with Saint Nikolai Kasatkin" . In: Encyclopedia of Shinto. Kokugaku-in , November 30, 2005 (English)
- Bertold Spuler , quoted in: Hans-Werner Gensichen : Missionsgeschichte der neue Zeit . Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 1961, p. 48.
|SURNAME||Nikolai of Japan|
|ALTERNATIVE NAMES||Kassatkin, Ivan Dmitrievich|
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Russian monk and Orthodox Archbishop of Tokyo and Japan|
|DATE OF BIRTH||August 13, 1836|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Smolensk|
|DATE OF DEATH||February 16, 1912|
|Place of death||Tokyo|