Ernst Heinitz

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Ernst Heinitz (born January 1, 1902 in Berlin ; † May 11, 1998 ibid) was a German lawyer and rector of the Free University of Berlin .


Ernst's father Dr. Georg Heinitz was Jewish and, as the founding director, was the long-time director of the Mosse-Stift , an interdenominational orphanage with an attached school in Wilmersdorf. The mother Elisabeth b. Bohm was evangelical. His sister Ruth married Werner Jaeger as a student .

Ernst Heinitz studied law at the Friedrich Wilhelms University in Berlin from 1919 to 1923 . He received his doctorate in Hamburg in 1926 . In 1932 he was appointed chairman of the Berlin Labor Court. On April 1, 1933, he was suspended from the judicial office by the law to restore the civil service and on November 1, 1933, he was forced to retire. The contributions that he had written for the new edition of the 1936 volume of the Civil Code, Part II: Family Law, Inheritance Law in the form book for voluntary jurisdiction , were no longer printed because of his “non-Aryan descent”.

Heinitz emigrated to Italy in 1933 and worked there in a law firm and as a lecturer at the University of Florence. In 1938 Heinitz took on the Italian citizenship. After the occupation of Italy by the German Wehrmacht in 1943, he and his Italian wife joined the resistance movement.

Heinitz returned to Germany in 1948 and accepted a position at the University of Erlangen . From 1952 to 1970 he was full professor for criminal law, procedural law and labor law at the Free University of Berlin. As a liaison professor at the German National Academic Foundation , he supervised the German studies student Gudrun Ensslin . From 1961 to 1963 he was the tenth rector of the Free University of Berlin.

He had also worked in the Berlin judiciary since 1953, initially as an associate judge at the regional court, from 1955 as a member of the chamber judge and from 1959 to 1967 as president of the senate at the court.

Ernst Heinitz was with Maria Pia Heinitz, geb. Tommasi, married and has a daughter and a son.


As a writer

  • The Reich Law on Publishing Law . Guttentag, Berlin 1901
  • The problem of material illegality . Schletter, Breslau 1926.
  • Is it advisable to provide for the criminal liability of the legal person by law? Mohr (Siebeck), Tübingen 1953.
  • State protection and fundamental rights. Lecture given on d. Conference d. German Federal f. Bürgerrechte eV in Mannheim on May 29, 1953 . Metzner, Frankfurt am Main 1953
  • The individualization of penalties and measures in the reform of the criminal law and criminal process . de Gruyter, Berlin 1960.
  • Problems of perversion of the law. Academic speech by the Rector of the Free University of Berlin on Wednesday, December 4, 1961 . Colloquium Verlag, Berlin 1963.

As a co-author

  • Form book for voluntary jurisdiction . Completely revised edition. Carl Heymann, Berlin 1928–1936.
    • Vol. 1: Commercial Law . 1928.
    • Vol. 2: Civil Code, Part I . 1930.
  • State secrecy and freedom of the press. 2 lectures on May 25, 1963 at the 3rd Federal Conference of the Working Group of Social Democratic Lawyers in Berlin . SPD, Bonn 1963. (The other lecture was given by Helmut Ridder ).

Web links


  1. Alexander Gallus : Radical, terrorist - and gifted? Ensslin, Mahler, Meinhof: Three co-founders of the “Red Army Fraction” were once scholarship holders from the German National Academic Foundation. In: Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung of October 9, 2017, p. 2.