Hans-Joachim Lieber

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Hans-Joachim Lieber (born March 27, 1923 in Trachenberg , Silesia, † May 1, 2012 in Berlin ) was a German philosopher and sociologist .


Hans-Joachim Lieber began his studies in mid-April 1942, which he had to break off at the end of May because he was called up to join the mountain troops in Innsbruck . Because in 1941 he was Berlin youth champion in cross-country skiing and won silver with the team at the German youth championships. However, due to a stiffened joint, the military doctor sent him back to Berlin to study.

On the advice of his high school teacher Dr. Karl Kanning studied philosophy , although the family tradition would have suggested a career as an officer or civil servant. At the same time he took sociology, although at that time Alfred Vierkandt was already retired, Richard Thurnwald and Wilhelm Emil Mühlmann only read special ethnological topics. At least he was able to be examined in sociology through Max Weber . The focus of his doctorate, however, was philosophy, where he studied with Nicolai Hartmann and Eduard Spranger from the summer semester 1942 to the winter semester 1944/45 . With the help of Dr. Kanners establish personal contact. Spranger, who had been released from custody at the beginning of the winter semester 44/45, suggested that the start of the dissertation be brought forward in order to forestall a possible renewed call-up and advocated that the doctorate be admitted in the sixth semester . The dissertation was on Dilthey's theory of the humanities, the doctoral certificate was handed over by the dean on March 2, 1945. As of April 1, 1945, Lieber was able to fill the assistant position offered by Spranger. Wilhelm Heise , city councilor for public education in the Steglitz district immediately after the end of the war , ensured that Lieber was able to remain in the assistant position even after the war, despite belonging to the NS youth organization and the NSDAP .

Until 1948 he held lectures as an assistant at the Philosophical Department of the Humboldt University . In this way he gained contact and trust with some of the founding student members of the Free University of Berlin , such as Jürgen Fijalkowski , Klaus Heinrich and Georg Kotowski , whom he also supervised during their doctoral studies, and ultimately participated in this founding committee himself. He finally submitted his habilitation thesis on the sociology of knowledge to the Philosophical Faculty of the Free University and obtained the license to teach philosophy and sociology. After Marxism in the form represented at that time was reduced to an undifferentiated base-superstructure determination, Lieber began to be more and more interested in the philosophical-sociological problems surrounding a non-dogmatized concept of ideology , as some publications after his habilitation show . In particular, it was about the juxtaposition of the socially critical potential in the thinking of the young Marx ( alienation ) against Marxism-Leninism as an ideology of domination. Out of this, in 1959, the text-critical edition of the most important Marx writings grew.

From 1955 to 1972 Lieber was a professor of philosophy and sociology. His lectures resulted in dissertations by Karl Berger , Günter W. Remmling , Peter Christian Ludz , Marlies Krüger , Harald Kerber , René Ahlberg , Helmuth G. Bütow , Klaus Meschkat , Gerd Ritter and others. Another subject area was National Socialism and Fascism , where Jürgen Fijalkowski's study of Carl Schmitt , Peter Furth's analysis of the Socialist Reich Party, and Theodor Strohm's critical analysis of Friedrich Gogarten's theology .

In 1965 Lieber was elected rector of the FU. In 1972 he accepted an appointment as professor of philosophy at the German Sport University Cologne , where he was rector from 1974 to 1982 and where he has been an honorary doctor since 1993. In 1988 he retired .


  • 1980: Cross of Merit 1st Class of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • 1985: Great Cross of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany

Fonts (selection)

  • Knowledge and society. The problems of the sociology of knowledge. Niemeyer, Tübingen 1952.
  • The philosophy of Bolshevism in the main features of its development. Diesterweg, Frankfurt / M. 1957.
  • Philosophy, Sociology, Society. Collected studies on the ideology problem. de Gruyter, Berlin 1965.
  • (as editor): ideology and sociology of knowledge. The discussion about the ideology problem in the twenties . Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1974, ISBN 3-534-03616-6 .
  • Cultural criticism and philosophy of life. Studies on German philosophy at the turn of the century. Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1974, ISBN 3-534-07009-7 .
  • (as editor): ideology - science - Dressy t . Newer contributions to the discussion . Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft, Darmstadt 1976, ISBN 3-534-05815-2 (wrong).
  • Ideology. A historical-systematic introduction. Schöningh, Paderborn 1985, ISBN 3-506-99232-5 .
  • (as co-editor): Marx-Lexikon. Central concepts of the political philosophy of Karl Marx . Scientific Book Society, Darmstadt 1988, ISBN 3-534-05950-6 .
  • Look back. Biographical information on university policy in Germany 1945 - 1982; a documentation . Free University, Berlin 1989, ISBN 3-927474-06-1 .
  • (as editor): Political Theories from Antiquity to the Present . Olzog, Munich 1991, ISBN 3-7892-8480-7 .
  • Autobiographical remarks on the development of sociology in post-war Germany (1945–1965). In: Christian Fleck, (Ed.): Ways to Sociology after 1945. Autobiographical Notes. Leske + Budrich, Opladen 1996, ISBN 3-8100-1660-8 . Pp. 77-98.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Adorno had no idea. In: sueddeutsche.de. March 28, 2018, accessed May 18, 2018 .