Georg Goetz

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Georg Goetz (born November 3, 1849 in Gompertshausen ; † January 1, 1932 in Jena ) was a German classical philologist who worked as a professor in Jena from 1879 to 1923.


Grave site in the north cemetery in Jena

Georg Goetz was the son of the blacksmith and farmer Nikolaus Goetz and his wife Margaretha Roeser. He had attended grammar school in Hildburghausen in 1863 and studied classical philology with Friedrich Ritschl in Leipzig in 1870 and entered the military in the same year. He took part in the Franco-Prussian War and was wounded in the process. For his military services he was decorated with the war commemorative coin 1870/71, the Prussian Iron Cross 2nd class, the Prussian military service award, the Prussian centar medal and the silver merit medal affiliated with the Saxon Military Order of St. Henry. Later he was knight first class of the ducal Saxon house order of the white falcon and knight first class of the Saxony Ernestian house order for his scientific achievements.

Returning to Leipzig, he received his doctorate in April 1873 with the dissertation De temporibus Ecclesiazuson Aristophanis as a doctor of philosophy. He then worked as a private tutor with Nicolai von Tuhr in Petersburg , until in 1875, through Ritschl's mediation, he became an adjunct at the seminar for Russian philology at the University of Leipzig. From August 1st to September 15th he worked at the Thomas School in Leipzig . In 1876 Goetz passed the state examination in Latin, Greek, German and history, in 1877 he qualified as a professor in classical philology. In the spring of 1879 Goetz went to the University of Jena as an associate professor of classical philology , became director of the philological seminar and, on February 21, 1880, took over the full professorship of classical philology.

At the beginning of the winter semester of 1882/83 he was also given the full professorship for rhetoric and he was appointed secret councilor of Saxony-Weimar-Eisenach. Goetz also took part in the organizational tasks of the Salana. He was dean of the philosophical faculty several times and in the winter semester of 1890, in the summer semester of 1902, and in 1910/11 rector of the alma mater . In 1888 he was accepted as a full member of the Saxon Academy of Sciences , in 1903 the Bavarian Academy of Sciences appointed him a corresponding member and in 1919 he became a member of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt. In 1923 Goetz retired. His successor was Johannes Stroux . Georg Goetz was buried in Jena North Cemetery after his death .


Goetz had three main research areas: The Comedies of Plautus , the Latin glosses and the writings of Marcus Terentius Varro . The work on Plautus was based on suggestions from his teacher Ritschl, who also called Goetz into his large edition of Plautus as a collaborator (together with Fritz Schöll and Gustav Löwe ). Goetz and Schöll completed the work in 1894 after Ritschl died in 1876 and Löwe in 1883. This was the first edition of Plautus that lived up to the standards of textual criticism . In their successor, Goetz and Schöll published a school edition in the Bibliotheca Teubneriana , some of which was published several times.

Goetz's greatest work can also be traced back to Ritschl, the continuation and completion of the collection of Latin glosses begun by Gustav Löwe (Corpus Glossarum Latinarum) . It was published in seven volumes from 1888 to 1923 under the title Corpus glossariorum Latinorum and was particularly useful for the preparation of the Thesaurus Linguae Latinae . The edition of Varro's De lingua Latina (1910), which he and Schöll provided for, and which for the first time took into account all surviving text fragments , also went back to the study of glosses . He also edited Varros Rerum rusticarum libri tres (1912) and Catos De agricultura (1914).

Goetz also dealt with the Latin of the Middle Ages and other mediaeval topics. For Paulys Real Encyclopedia of Classical Classical Studies , he edited numerous grammar articles.


In 1880 Goetz married Sophie Jaenisch (born May 26, 1857 in Leipzig), the daughter of the Leipzig businessman Carl Heinrich Jaenisch and his wife Erdmuthe Rosamunde Charlotta Maria Zwanziger. The marriage has two sons and three daughters. The daughter Elisabeth Götz (born October 1, 1882 in Jena; † February 8, 1970) married in 1909 with Rudolf Unger, who later became professor of German studies at the University of Göttingen . Also known are the daughter Marie Goetz (born June 6, 1890 in Jena; † October 27, 1980) who became a teacher, the son Georg Götz (born November 29, 1886 in Jena; March 28, 1917 near Ripont) died in the First World War and the son Wilhelm Goetz.


  • Gerhard BaaderGötz, Georg. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 6, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1964, ISBN 3-428-00187-7 , p. 585 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Meinolf Vielberg : Georg Goetz (1849–1932). Classical philologist and glossographer in Jena , in: Jürgen Kiefer (Hrsg.): Jena university teachers as members of the Academy of Charitable Sciences in Erfurt. Contributions to life and work , volume 2, Erfurt 1997 (special publications, Akademie Gemeinnütziger Wissenschaften zu Erfurt 31), pp. 87–92
  • Johannes Stroux Nekrolog Georg Goetz . In: Bavarian Academy of Sciences: Yearbook of the Bavarian Academy of Sciences 1930/31 , Verlag der Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Munich 1931, pp. 42–44.

Web links

Wikisource: Georg Goetz  - Sources and full texts

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ The curriculum vitae of the classical philologist Emil Baehrens in his doctoral thesis: De temporibus Ecclesiazuson Aristophanis, Leipzig 1874, p. 34 ( online )
  2. German Order Almanac. (OA) Berlin, 1908/09, ( digitized version )
  3. Richard Sachse, Karl Ramshorn, Reinhart Herz: The teachers of the Thomasschule in Leipzig 1832-1912. The high school graduates of the Thomas School in Leipzig 1845–1912 . BG Teubner Verlag, Leipzig 1912, p. 4.
  4. ^ Ernst Pilz: Lecturer album of the University of Jena, 1858 to 1908. Neuenhahn, Jena, 1908, p. 22