Road Traffic Act

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Basic data
Title: Road Traffic Act
Abbreviation: StVG
Type: Federal law
Scope: Federal Republic of Germany
Legal matter: Traffic law
References : 9231-1
Original version from: May 3, 1909
( RGBl. P. 437)
Entry into force on: June 1, 1909
New announcement from: May 5, 2003
( BGBl. I p. 310 , ber.p. 919 )
Last change by: Art. 1 G of 10 July 2020
( Federal Law Gazette I p. 1653 )
Effective date of the
last change:
July 17, 2020
(Art. 3 G of July 10, 2020)
GESTA : C128
Weblink: StVG
Please note the note on the applicable legal version.

The Road Traffic Act (StVG) is a federal law that primarily contains the basics of road traffic law in Germany . It regulates this area of ​​law together with the Driving License Ordinance (FeV), the Vehicle Registration Ordinance ( FZV), the Road Traffic Act (StVO) and the Road Traffic Licensing Ordinance (StVZO) as far as possible.

(The StVZO has already been partially replaced by the FeV and the FZV and is to be finally abolished with the introduction of a Vehicle Approval Ordinance (FGV) and a Vehicle Operating Ordinance (FBV).)


Part I traffic regulations

This contains the basic traffic regulations for the approval of motor vehicles and trailers (detailed in the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations ) as well as for the approval of people for road traffic as the basis of driving license law (detailed in the Driving License Ordinance ). An important regulation is Section 6 of the Road Traffic Act , which authorizes the Federal Ministry of Transport to issue further ordinances to regulate road traffic. Examples of regulations based on this provision are the Road Traffic Regulations , the Driving License Regulations and the Road Traffic Licensing Regulations.

Part II Liability

regulates liability for personal injury and property damage in the event of a traffic accident ( strict liability ).

Part III Penalty and Fine Regulations

contains penalty and fine regulations, for example for driving without a license , misusing license plates and driving under the influence of psychoactive substances (0.5 per mille limit, § 24a StVG).

Part IV Register of Fitness to Drive

includes the regulations for the register of fitness to drive (entry, administration and deletion of the " Flensburg points ").

Part V Vehicle Register

deals with the vehicle register, which contains data on vehicles and vehicle owners of all vehicles registered in the Federal Republic of Germany.

Part VI Driver's License Register

regulates the local and the central driver's license register , which manages the data of all driving licenses issued in the Federal Republic of Germany and documents whether they are still valid or withdrawn.

Part VII

contains common rules and transitional arrangements.


Forerunner of the StVG

The forerunner of the German Road Traffic Act was the “Law on Traffic with Motor Vehicles” of May 3, 1909, with which the Reich legislature exercised general legislative competence in traffic law for the first time. The content was primarily the regulation of liability in traffic accidents with motor vehicles , which became more and more urgent with the increase in motorization. The law also contained individual rules of conduct in road traffic.

As a successor, the Road Traffic Act (StVG) of the Federal Republic of Germany came into force on January 23, 1953 . In the meantime, some provisions of the law have been changed to take into account current legal developments. With the exception of multiple adjustments to its upper limits , liability is largely unchanged today from the 1909 regulations.


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