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گلگت بلتستان
Gilgit-Baltistan special territory
Sindh Belutschistan Hauptstadtterritorium Islamabad Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Punjab (Pakistan) Gilgit-Baltistan (de-facto Pakistan - von Indien beansprucht) Siachen-Gletscher: de-facto unter Kontrolle der indischen Streitkräfte (von Pakistan als Teil von Gilgit-Baltistan beansprucht) Asad Jammu und Kaschmir (de-facto Pakistan - von Indien beansprucht) de-facto Indien (von Pakistan beansprucht und als "von Indien verwaltetes Jammu und Kaschmir" bezeichnet) de-facto China (von Indien beansprucht) de-facto China (von Indien beansprucht) Iran Turkmenistan Usbekistan Afghanistan Tadschikistan Indien Nepal ChinaGilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan (de-facto + wo Glacier) (claims hatched) .svg
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Basic data
Country Pakistan
Capital Gilgit
surface 72,496 km²
Residents 1,301,000 (2013)
density 18 inhabitants per km²
ISO 3166-2 PK-GB

Coordinates: 35 ° 30 '  N , 75 ° 30'  E

Gilgit-Baltistan ( Urdu گلگت بلتستان, Gilgit-Baltistan ), until August 29, 2009 just north areas ( English Northern Areas , Urdu شمالی علاقہ جات, Šumālī 'ilāqajāt ) is a Pakistani special territory under federal administration in the far north of the country. It is not a province of Pakistan, but part of the disputed Kashmir region between China , India and Pakistan .


Gilgit-Baltistan borders the semi-autonomous region of Asad Kashmir , which belongs to Pakistan , the Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa , the Afghan province of Badachschan , the autonomous region of Xinjiang , which belongs to China, and the Indian Union territories of Ladakh and Jammu and Kashmir (clockwise, starting in the south) . The border with India is the Line of Control (LOC), which was established by the United Nations ( UNCIP / UNMOGIP ) in 1949 . It was fought over again in all Kashmir wars , most recently the Kargil War (Third Kashmir War ), a high-mountain war with many losses with combat zones up to 5000 meters above sea level, but in the 1999 armistice they reverted to the 1972 level. Since then there has been tension with individual incidents flaring up.

Districts, administrative division

Gilgit-Baltistan is currently divided into ten districts, which are spread over two divisions.

On April 14, 2015, the then Pakistani Prime Minister Muhammad Nawaz Sharif declared the formation of four new districts in Gilgit-Baltistan: Hunza and Nagar (by splitting up from Hunza-Nagar ) and Kharmang and Shigar (by splitting off from Skardu ).

The following are the statistical data from Gilgit-Baltistan from 2013:

Administrative structure (as of 2008)
division District Area
in km²
2013 †
Baltistan Skardu
Ghanche 08,531 090,000 108,000 Khaplu
Skardu 19,697 219,000 305,000 Skardu
Gilgit Gilgit
Astore 05,411 072,000 114,000 Gorikot
Diamir 07,234 135,000 214,000 Chilas
Ghizer 12,381 121,000 190,000 Gahkuch
Gilgit 04,208 148,000 222,000 Gilgit
Hunza-Nagar 15,034 099,000 148,000 Aliabad
all in all 72,496 884,000 1,301,000 Gilgit

†: respected values


Map of Kashmir (2004)

Gilgit-Baltistan is divided into the two divisions Gilgit in the northwest and Baltistan in the southeast.

The region belongs mainly to the Karakoram , with K2 (Godwin Austen, 8611  m ), Gasherbrum Group ( Hidden Peak : 8080  m , Broad Peak : 8051  m , Gasherbrum II : 8034  m ), Distaghil Sar ( 7885  m ), Masherbrum ( 7821  m ), Rakaposhi ( 7788  m ), the northwest to the Hindu Kush , highest peaks are Tirich Mir ( 7690  m ), Istor-o-Nal ( 7403  m ). The southern part is traversed by the upper reaches of the Indus , and the mountains south of it are already part of the Himalayas , with the Nanga Parbat ( 8125  m ) as the main peak. In total, 5 of the 14 eight-thousanders on earth are in the region within today's limits .

The area has the typical vegetation of the high mountains . The valleys are deeply cut. The Indus valley leaves the region at an altitude of 1000  m , at Jalipur, only 20 km from the eight-thousander Nanga Parbat, it is 1400  m , when entering the region near the Indian Kargil it is 2400  m . Other important valleys are that of the Gilgit , a tributary of the Indus from the Hindu Kush, and that of its tributary Hunza , which comes from the north of the Khunjerab Pass ( 4733  m ) on the border with China.

Population and traffic

The settlement is very thin. The only significant city is Gilgit on the Gilgit River . The main languages ​​spoken are Urdu , Shina and Balti . The majority of the residents are Muslims , with the Shiites making up the majority, while Pakistan as a whole is more Sunni . In addition, Ismaili and Sufi traditions are strongly represented.

The Karakoram Highway runs through the northern regions, leading from Kashgar over the Khunjerab Pass, through the Hunza Valley, the lower Gilgit, the Indus Valley and on to Havelian between Islamabad and Peshawar .

Web links

Commons : Gilgit-Baltistan  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. “Cabinet approves 'Gilgit-Baltistan Empowerment and Self-Governance Order 2009'” 29 August 2009 Associated Press of Pakistan
  2. ^ Mountain TV: Govt. issues notifications for formation of Hunza, Nagar, Kharmang, Shigar districts in GB
  3. Nawaz Sharif announces formation of 4 new districts in GB
  4. Statistical Data (2013); PDF 7.5 MB ( Memento of the original from December 13, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /