Willibald Pschyrembel [ ˈvɪlɪˌbaltʰ pʃyˈʁɛmbl̩ ] (born January 1, 1901 in Berlin ; † November 26, 1987 ibid) was a German doctor ( gynecologist ) and university professor in Berlin and for 50 years (from 1931 to 1982) editor of the lexicon founded by Otto Dornblüth " Clinical Dictionary " . His name is synonymous with this standard German medical reference work.
Willibald Pschyrembel grew up in Lüdenscheid and studied natural sciences with a focus on physics at the Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Berlin from 1920 to 1924 , where he received his doctorate in philosophy in 1924 ( development and status of electrical engineering in Japan ). He then worked as a physics teacher, during which he studied medicine in Berlin from 1926 to 1932. The musically gifted student earned his living by actively participating in house music events that took place in the houses in which he was sublet. Prominent con musicians included Max Planck , Albert Einstein and August Bier .
After obtaining his license to practice medicine, he worked for a year as a medical intern with August Bier in the internal department at the Martin Luther Hospital in Berlin . In 1935, Willibald Pschyrembel received his doctorate in medicine from Ferdinand Sauerbruch with his work on osteomyelitis of the patella .
From 1936 he worked as a senior physician at the Berlin-Neukölln Municipal Hospital ; From 1945 to 1961 he was the head physician of the gynecological clinic of the Berlin hospital in Friedrichshain . Pschyrembel completed his habilitation in 1950 under Walter Stoeckel , and in 1952 he was appointed as an adjunct professor at the Humboldt University . Due to the construction of the Wall on August 13, 1961, the work of the doctor, who then lived in Berlin-Westend on Reichsstrasse , later on Halmstrasse, at the Friedrichshain hospital in the eastern part of the city, and teaching at the Charité, ended . Pschyrembel then ran his own practice in the western part of the city and devoted himself increasingly to medical journalism.
He was married to the senior physician Ingrid Pschyrembel geb. Stiefel (1935-1993). She was also his collaborator.
Willibald Pschyrembel died after a brief illness in November 1987 at the age of 86 in Berlin. He was buried in the state's own cemetery in Heerstraße in today's Berlin-Westend district (grave location: 11-B-6). He rests next to his mother Clare Pschyrembel (1878-1959). The wife Ingrid Psychyrembel nee Stiefel found her final resting place there in 1993.
From 1931 to 1982 (254th edition) Pschyrembel continuously added to the clinical dictionary founded by Otto Dornblüth in 1894 (under the title Dictionary of Medical Artistic Expressions ) and published it from the 16th edition. 17 named specialists participated in the 185th to 250th edition, including, for example, his nephew Joachim Dudenhausen for the field of biochemistry . This dictionary has been published by the Berlin publisher Walter de Gruyter since 1932 . The Pschyrembel is considered a standard work. 267 editions had appeared by 2017.
Since the late 1990s, the publisher has also used the name Pschyrembel as a brand for new medical dictionaries to supplement the clinical dictionary.
- Willibald Pschyrembel: Clinical Dictionary. 265th edition. Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 2013, ISBN 978-3-11-030509-8 .
- Willibald Pschyrembel: Practical Obstetrics . Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1947 (21st edition, revised by Joachim Dudenhausen, 2011, ISBN 978-3-11-022868-7 ).
- Willibald Pschyrembel, Günter Strauss, Eckhard Petri : Practical Gynecology. 5th, revised edition, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin 1991 (Reprint 2011), ISBN 978-3-11-003735-7 .
- Burkhard Schneeweiß , Sabine Berndt: Willibald Pschyrembel: Encyclopedia skills . Deutsches Ärzteblatt 98 (2001) (full text)
- Burkhard Schneeweiß, Kurt Gdanietz : Willibald Pschyrembel - gynecologist, university professor, encyclopedia . Chirurgische Allgemeine , Volume 15, Issue 9 (2014), pp. 554–558.
- Claus Priesner : In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 20, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 2001, ISBN 3-428-00201-6 , pp. 754 f. ( ).
- Hans Ludwig : The "Pschyrembel" . Der Gynäkologe 39 (2006), pp. 262-263, doi: 10.1007 / s00129-005-1797-7 .
- Werner E. Gerabek : Pschyrembel, Willibald. In: Werner E. Gerabek, Bernhard D. Haage, Gundolf Keil , Wolfgang Wegner (eds.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte. De Gruyter, Berlin / New York 2005, ISBN 3-11-015714-4 , p. 1188.
- In no edition was he called an editor. Rather, his wife Ingrid Pschyrembel was in charge of editing editions 252 and 253.
- Willibald Pschyrembel: Clinical Dictionary , 252nd edition, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin and New York 1975, ISBN 3110048442 , pages III and IV.
- Burkhard Schneeweiß, Sabine Berndt: Willibald Pschyrembel. Encyclopedic Skills . In: Deutsches Ärzteblatt . Vol. 68, No. 6, 2001, . Retrieved November 15, 2019.
- Hans-Jürgen Mende : Lexicon of Berlin burial places . Pharus-Plan, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86514-206-1 . P. 493.
- O. Dornblüth: Dictionary of medical art terms for students and doctors. Leipzig 1894; Reprint Berlin u. a. 1985.
- Clinical Dictionary. Founded in 1893 by Otto Dornblüth in Freiberg / Silesia, published from the 16th edition (= 19th – 20th edition). by Willibald Pschyrembel in Berlin (1932–1981), 44th edition (= 261st edition) under the direction of Martin Bach, Berlin / New York 2007.
- Otto Dornblüth: Clinical Dictionary , 19th and 20th editions, edited by Emil Bannwarth, revised and supplemented by Willibald Pschyrembel, Walter de Gruyter & Co. , Berlin and Leipzig 1932; Quote from the foreword on page VI: "When I took over the publication of the work last year ..."
- Foreword printed in the 251st edition in 1972
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German doctor|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 1, 1901|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Berlin|
|DATE OF DEATH||November 26, 1987|
|Place of death||Berlin|