Enrico Nencioni

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Enrico Giovanni Battista Nencioni (born January 1, 1837 in Florence , † August 25, 1896 in Livorno ) was an Italian poet and literary critic.

Nencioni studied at the Scuole Pie Fiorentine with Geremia Barsottini , where he met Giosuè Carducci , with whom he shared a lifelong friendship, as did Fernando Martini and Giuseppe Chiarini . At the age of seventeen he became a tutor in the house of Count Geremia Barsottini ; from 1859 to 1870 he was tutor to Count Augusto de 'Gori Pannillini in Siena. In 1855 he made his debut as a poet with the poem In morte di Isolina Materassi-Fanelli in the magazine Lo Spettatore .

In 1859 he met the American sculptor William Wetmore Story , who introduced him to Robert and Elizabeth Browning and Walter Savage Landor . In 1867 his friend Martini introduced him to the director of the Nuova Antologia magazine , Stefano Protonotari . There he published his first literary criticism of the poetry of Robert Browning, which contributed significantly to its distribution in Italy.

In 1870 he returned to Florence and became engaged to Tania Amerighi , whom he married ten years later. In 1875 he took over a position as private tutor with the Princess Caramanico dei Conti d'Aquino in Naples. In 1880 Martini brought him to Rome for the newspaper Il Fanfulla della Domenica (from 1882 La Domenica literaria ), which he had founded the previous year ; During this time he also published for La Domenica del Fracassa and La Cronica bizantina . He frequented the city's exclusive salons, came into contact with personalities like Matilde Serao and Gabriele D'Annunzio and became the leading figure of representatives of the dilettanti like Gegé Primoli and Carlo Placci . In 1883 he took part in the controversy surrounding D'Annunzio's Intermezzo di Rime with a contribution to the Fanfanulla . After a volume of poetry in 1880, his collection of essays Medaglioni appeared in 1883 .

Through Martini's mediation, Nencioni received the chair of Italian literature at the Istituto di Magistero from Minister Guido Bacelli in 1883 , and from 1884 he taught at the Collegio della Santissima Annunziata in the Villa Medici Poggio Imperiale in Florence. Here he worked with the Nuova Antologia and organized between 1891 and 1894 in the series Vita italiane lectures on topics such as mystical literature, Renaissance poetry , Torquato Tasso and “Baroquismo”. During this time he became friends with the poet Vittoria Aganoor , whom he visited in her summer residence in Basalghelle in 1894. In February, Rapsodia lirica, the last lyrical work of his lifetime, was published.