|Helsingør Skibsværft and Maskinbyggeri A / S|
|Reason for dissolution||bankruptcy|
|Seat||Elsinore , Denmark|
|As of December 22, 2019|
Helsingør Skibsværft og Maskinbyggeri A / S was a Danish shipyard that existed from 1882 to 1983 and was based in Helsingør . During the time of its existence, numerous different types of ships and ship engines were built at the shipyard, which has been successful for decades. In addition to special shipbuilding, especially in the construction of passenger ships, ferries, refrigerated and liner ships, the company also made a name for itself in the construction of container ships . In addition, a ship repair department with floating docks with a load capacity of up to 12,000 tons was operated. In addition to ships, the company also manufactured construction machinery between 1968 and 1980 .
The shipyard was founded on March 1st, 1882 as A / S Helsingør Jærnskibs- og Maskinbyggeri at the instigation of Mads Christian Holm , the founder of Rederiet Norden . He also managed the company until his death in 1892. From the beginning, the company was a stock corporation and designed as a steel shipyard. In 1913 Burmeister & Wain and the shipping company DFDS took over a majority stake in the company. Only three years later, however, B&W sold its shares to DFDS, which became a defining factor in the history of the shipyard over the following decades.
After the shipyard began modernizing and exploring new technologies such as concrete shipbuilding in the 1920s , the shipbuilding company moved into new, more spacious premises in 1933 and increased the workforce to around 2500 employees. From 1935 the shipyard offered diesel engines under license from B&W. The first engine manufactured there was installed in the passenger ship Kronprins Olav in 1937 . After the war, the company benefited from the strong shipbuilding economy of those years and employed up to 3,600 shipyard workers. In the mid-1950s, the shipyard worked for a while on the development of gas turbine ships, laying the foundation for the construction and installation of turbochargers. At the same time, the shipyard switched from riveting to welding when assembling the hulls. In 1957, the majority of the shares in the competitor Aarhus Flydedok were taken over and its shipyard in Aarhus was incorporated into the company as a subsidiary.
In 1964 the majority of the shares went to the shipping companies J. Lauritzen and DFDS. Four years later, the shipyards in Helsingor, Aalborg and Frederikshavn under the umbrella of the parent company DAN Værft A / S summarized.
In 1967 the engineer Ebbe Finderup developed a hydraulic excavator with a chain drive in the shipyard. It was Denmark's first fully hydraulic excavator. In 1968 the company started the production of the hydraulic excavator known as HSM-G6 with a weight of 13.5 tons and an output of 95 HP. In the years that followed, other engine variants with more power ( HSM-G8 and HSM-HG12 ) and a wheel excavator ( HSM G6H ) were offered. In 1969 the shipyard also dedicated itself to the production of a dump truck . The HSM-D15 had articulated steering and held around 15 cubic meters of excavation. Engines from General Motors, Cummins and Leyland were installed, which developed 238 hp and accelerated the dump truck to up to 50 km / h.
Even under the umbrella company, the shipbuilding crisis that began in the mid-1970s could not be averted. The shipyard began to decline slowly at first, and in 1976 the shipyard association with Aarhus Flydedok was also dissolved. From 1980 the shipyard was continuously in the red. In the same year it was decided to sell the construction machinery division to Bay & Vinding, which, however, went bankrupt a little later. In 1983 the shipyard finally went bankrupt after the delivery of the Saudi Arabian royal yacht Prince Abdulaziz . Only the repair department, trading as HV-Turbo in Frederikshavn , could be reopened with a smaller workforce.
In 2010, after a two-year construction period, the Kulturværftet opened in the former shipyard in the port of Helsingør . Today it is the home of the Helsingør municipality 's cultural center . There is also a shipyard museum in it, in which the history of the shipyard is documented.
- Page about the company (with pictures) (Danish)
- Page about the subsequent use of the shipyard site ( Memento from May 18, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) (Danish)
- Kulturværftet cultural center in the former shipyard (Danish)
- Hanne Poulsen: HELSINGØR VÆRFT 1882–1982. (PDF) Retrieved March 23, 2017 (Danish).
- Further information on construction machinery production (Danish)
- Ulf Böge, Daniel Foged: Yearbook Construction Machinery 2019 . Podszun-Verlag, 2018, ISBN 978-3-86133-894-9 , page 31.