|Community association||Riviera Française|
|surface||177.47 km 2|
|Residents||2,178 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||12 inhabitants / km 2|
Tende (until 1947 ital. Tenda ) is a municipality with 2178 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in south-eastern France in the Alpes-Maritimes department about 30 kilometers north of Ventimiglia . The town is located at approx. 820 m above sea level on the Roya in the outer zone of the Mercantour National Park on the transalpine Tendabahn .
Tende is located in the extreme southeast of the Alpes-Maritimes department on the border with the Italian region of Piedmont, just a few kilometers south of the Col de Tende (German: Tenda Pass , Italian Colle di Tenda ) on the upper reaches of the Roya in the Maritime Alps .
Tende is the largest town in the upper Roya Valley and is surrounded by mountains to the west, north (Maritime Alps) and east ( Ligurian Alps ). Over 20 of these peaks, including the legendary Mont Bégo , are higher than 2000 meters.
The first written mention of Tende comes from the 11th century, when the place still belonged to the County of Ventimiglia , which was ruled by the Counts of Ventimiglia . Pierre-Guillaume de Vintimille, the feudal lord of Tende, married the sister of the young Byzantine emperor Giovanni di Lascaris in 1261 and founded with her family and county Vintimille-Lascaris (later 'County Tende').
In 1581 the county fell to Savoy through marriage , which enabled the expansion of the road between Turin and Nice that ran over the Col de Tende . In 1627 Tende became a post office on this important trading route for the time. As for 1860, the Kingdom of Sardinia belonging County of Nice with Savoy to France was ceded, Tende was (along with the neighboring village of La Brigue excluded) of this assignment and part of Italy .
In 1947, the two towns in the upper Roya Valley voted successfully in a referendum to join France.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
See also: List of Monuments historiques in Tende
Vallée des Merveilles - German: valley of miracles
- Musée des Merveilles, a museum maintained by the department with a permanent exhibition on the Vallée des Merveilles (including original engravings) and an annually changing exhibition.
- Ruins of the 'Château des Lascaris', the castle built for the Counts of Ventimiglia and Tende in the 14th / 15th centuries, which was destroyed in 1692 by the troops of Louis XIV .
- Notre-Dame de l'Assomption (also: Collégiale Sainte Marie du Bois) from 1506 with an organ by Serassi from 1807
- 'Grotte des Hérétiques'. Persecuted Protestants used this grotto above Tende as a meeting place in the 15th and 16th centuries.
- Porte de Lombarde (northern city gate) and Porte de Nice (southern city gate)
- Chapelle de L'Annonciade with 15th century frescoes attributed to Giovanni Baleison
Tende is a stage on the French long-distance hiking trail GR 52A , the Sentier Panoramique du Mercantour .
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 2, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 936-946.
- Sabine Bade, Wolfram Mikuteit, Grande Randonnée 52A. Le Sentier panoramique du Mercantour . Fernwege.de, Roxheim 2011, ISBN 978-3-937304-78-6 .