|Community association||Nice Cote d'Azur|
|surface||17.98 km 2|
|Residents||159 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||9 inhabitants / km 2|
The center of Venanson
Venanson is a French commune in the Alpes-Maritimes in the region Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur . It belongs to the Arrondissement of Nice , the Canton of Tourrette-Levens and the Métropole Nice Côte d'Azur . The residents call themselves the Venansonnois.
The community is located in the French Maritime Alps . It is bordered by Saint-Martin-Vésubie to the northeast, Roquebillière to the east, Lantosque to the southeast, Utelle to the south, Clans to the southwest, Marie to the west and Valdeblore to the northwest .
The Saint-Sébastien chapel, also known as “Sainte Claire”, has been a historic monument since May 26, 2000 . The simple chapel was built in 1481 and originally rose on a rock; meanwhile it stands free on the village square. The fully painted interior consists of only one nave with a barrel vault and a flat apse .
The wall paintings were designed by Giovanni Baleison in the year it was founded. They are all executed in glue colors in a detailed style and with a harmonious color scheme. In the center of the apse wall, the martyrdom of St. Sebastian is depicted: four archers pierce the saint with their arrows. To the right of this scene, St. Roch is baring his own wound on his thigh, while St. Archbishop Gratus is on the left . Above it is a crucifixion group .
The vita of St. Sebastian is presented in the vaulted ceiling on twelve panels in four rows:
- Upper northern row: Sebastian becomes a Christian and admonishes an oppressed Christian couple not to renounce their faith.
- lower northern row: Sebastian teaches the true faith and justifies himself to Diocletian .
- Wall of the apse: the martyrdom with the arrows
- Upper southern row: Sebastian brings the bundled arrows to Diocletian, thus showing that he has survived. He is knocked down, an angel carries his soul away, the corpse is thrown into the sewer .
- lower southern row: Christians pull Sebastian out of the sewer and bury him. An epidemic of plague ends when the saint is invoked . Since then, the saint has been invoked against plague, which is why many chapels in the Maritime Alps are dedicated to saint Sebastian.
- in the far west the fresco The good and the bad prayer : On the left under the cross a monk kneels humbly, whose devotion is devoted to the five wounds of Christ , while the thoughts of the nobleman kneeling under the cross on the right are focused only on worldly things and riches.
- under the arcades of both side walls there are six patron saints , among them St. Clare . The row below shows the main vices and their opposing virtues . On the north wall, only the tiger symbolizing hot temper and the donkey symbolizing indolence can be seen. The virtues of the south wall show humility, chastity, charity, patience, moderation, benevolence and diligence.
Other sights include the Chapel of St. Michael from the 17th century, as well as the Chapelle des Pénitents blancs and the Chapelle Saint-Roch, which is about a kilometer west of the village.
Town Hall ( Mairie )
- Philippe de Beauchamp: L'art religieux dans les Alpes-Maritimes . C.-Y. Chaudoreille, Édisud, Aix-en-Provence 1990, pp. 65-66, ISBN 2-85744-485-0 .
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 2, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 845-848.