|Community association||Nice Cote d'Azur|
|surface||0.95 km 2|
|Residents||3,715 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||3,911 inhabitants / km 2|
Beaulieu-sur-Mer harbor, 2006
Beaulieu-sur-Mer ( Italian outdated Belluogo ) is a commune with 3715 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the French department Alpes-Maritimes in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region . It is part of the Nice Côte d'Azur metropolis . The inhabitants are called Berlugans in the local language .
The stretch of coast was settled in prehistoric times, as evidenced by excavations from the Neolithic period . In ancient times the place was mentioned for the first time in the Itinerarium Antonini under the name Anao as a Greek port city and developed further under the influence of the Romans.
In the 4th century a small monastery was built, which the Lombards destroyed in the 6th century. The residents fled via Montolivo , today's Saint-Michel plateau on the Grande Corniche . It was not until the end of the 13th century that new settlers came back to the area.
After the conquest by Napoleon III. the place became French in 1860, the original name Bellolocco was changed to Beaulieu . Beaulieu-sur-Mer has been an independent municipality in the canton of Villefranche-sur-Mer since 1891 .
In the 19th century, Beaulieu-sur-Mer experienced a great boom due to the connection to the road and railway line to Nice. Many guests stayed at the small spa town on the Côte d'Azur during the winter months, including some crowned heads such as King Leopold II of Belgium and the Marquis of Salisbury (British Prime Minister) as well as other celebrities such as James Gordon Bennett Jr. (owner of the New York Herald ), Isaac Merritt Singer and Gustave Eiffel .
During the First World War, many famous residents left the city. During this time tourism began, which helped the place to flourish again and is still one of the main sources of income in all seasons.
- Villa Kérylos : Built between 1902 and 1908 by the French architect Emmanuel Pontremoli in the ancient Greek style of the second and first centuries BC. On a ledge over the sea. The villa was previously owned by the ancient historian Théodore Reinach and was handed over to the Institut de France in 1928 . It is open to visitors today.
- Romanesque chapel of Santa Maria de Olivo from the 11th century
- Parish church from 1899
City and school partnerships
- There has also been a student exchange program between the College Jean Cocteau and the comprehensive school Busecker Tal in Hesse since 1977 .
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 2, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 999-1015.
- IGS Busecker Tal: Franco-German friendship: Beaulieu s / Mer - Buseck. Retrieved August 11, 2017 .