|Community association||Riviera Française|
|surface||2.79 km 2|
|Residents||13,607 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||4,877 inhabitants / km 2|
Beausoleil ( Nissart-Occitan : Bèusoulèu ) is a French commune with 13,607 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) in the Alpes-Maritimes department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region . It belongs to the Arrondissement of Nice .
The municipality of Beausoleil is located near the Côte d'Azur and borders immediately to the northwest on the Principality of Monaco , with the settlement areas merging over a length of almost 2.5 kilometers. Some houses on one side of the street belong to Beausoleil, on the opposite side to Monaco. The municipal area stretches towards the northwest up the foothills of the French Maritime Alps . The location above Monaco offers numerous vantage points such as the high Mont des Mules . The A8 car route runs right in the north of the municipality .
Neighboring communities are Peille in the north, Roquebrune-Cap-Martin in the north-east, the Monegasque districts Jardin Exotique , Les Moneghetti , Ravin de Sainte-Dévote , Monte-Carlo and La Rousse in the east and south , and La Turbie in the west .
The municipality of Beausoleil was founded in 1904 by relocating from the municipality of La Turbie. The reorganization had become necessary because of the enormous construction activity and the rapidly increasing population on the border with the Principality of Monaco. The new municipality was originally supposed to be named Monte-Carlo-Supérior . After protests by the Princely House , the name Beausoleil was chosen to appeal to tourists ( beau 'beautiful' , soleil 'sun' ).
The strong growth of the new community was mainly due to the development of tourism and gambling in Monte Carlo . Many jobs were created there, which attracted immigrants from Italy and the rural area.
The structure shows some Belle Époque buildings near the border with the principality . There are numerous villas on the mountain slopes.
With 13,607 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) Beausoleil is one of the 20 largest municipalities in the Alpes-Maritimes department. After the population rose to over 8,000 after the municipality was founded in 1904 by the beginning of the 1920s, further population growth was recorded thereafter.
|Sources: Cassini and INSEE|
- Mont des Mules , an elongated limestone plateau overlooking the Principality of Monaco with remains of dry stone walls of a Ligurian settlement, as historique monument , historical monument ' classified
- Riviera Palace , built between 1898 and 1902 according to plans by the architect Georges Chedanne , today a residential building, since 1989 a historic monument
- Sanctuaire Saint-Joseph , built between 1913 and 1930 in neo-Romanesque style with stained glass windows made by Mauméjean
Economy and Infrastructure
The main source of income for the inhabitants is tourism with numerous hotels, guest houses and holiday apartments with the associated restaurants. There are also 170 retail companies in the municipality.
The D 6007 trunk road leads from Nice to Menton through the town of Beausoleil . Immediately to the north there is a connection to the A 8 autoroute from Aix-en-Provence to Italy . The nearby train station in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin is on the Marseille – Ventimiglia railway line .
A partnership with the northern Italian city of Alba has existed since 1995 .
- Daniel Ducruet (* 1964), Stéphanie von Monaco's husband from 1995 to 1996 , was born in Beausoleil
- Ange Mancini (* 1944), French politician, born in Beausoleil
- Renée Saint-Cyr (1904–2004), French actress, born in Beausoleil
- Armand Gatti (1924–2017), French writer, theater and film director, grew up in Beausoleil
- Guillaume Apollinaire (1880–1918), French author, lived for a time in the Carnier district
- Léo Ferré (1916–1993), French chansonnier, lived in Beausoleil during the Second World War
- Le Patrimoine des Communes des Alpes-Maritimes . Flohic Editions, Volume 1, Paris 2000, ISBN 2-84234-071-X , pp. 131-139.
- Beausoleil on cassini.ehess.fr
- Beausoleil on insee.fr
- Entry no. PA00080665 in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
- Entry no. PA00080928 in the Base Mérimée of the French Ministry of Culture (French)
- Le sanctuaire Saint-Joseph. In: beausoleil-tourisme.com. Retrieved December 10, 2016 (French).
- Retail outlets on annuaire-mairie.fr (French)