|Canton||Saint-Julien-en-Genevois (main town)|
|Coordinates||46 ° 9 ' N , 6 ° 5' E|
|surface||10.59 km 2|
|Residents||14,258 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||1,346 inhabitants / km 2|
Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is a French commune in the department of Haute-Savoie in the region of Auvergne Rhône-Alpes . It is the capital of the canton of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois and also the capital ( sub-prefecture ) of the Arrondissement of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois .
Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is located at 461 m above sea level, about nine kilometers southwest of the city of Geneva (as the crow flies). The city extends in the valley of the Aire and its source streams, on the southern edge of the Geneva Basin, in the Genevois northwest of the Salève , in the immediate vicinity of the border with Switzerland .
The area of the 10.50 square kilometers large municipal area includes a section of the Genevois. The main settlement area of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is in the valley of the Arande (later Aire), which flows from east to west, and on the plateau to the north. To the west of the city the course of the river draws a sharp curve, turns north and reaches the Plaine de l'Aire , the southernmost section of which also belongs to Saint-Julien-en-Genevois. To the south, the municipality extends onto the plateau, which rises slightly towards Mont Sion and Salève and is subdivided by the valleys of the source streams of the Aire (including the Nant de Feigères ). Here, at 530 m, the highest point in Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is reached.
In addition to the city itself, Saint-Julien-en-Genevois also includes various villages and hamlets, namely from west to east:
- Crache ( 455 m ) on the edge of a dry valley west of the Aire
- Norcier ( 422 m ) on the southwest edge of the Plaine de l'Aire
- Thairy ( 440 m ) in the valley of the Aire
- Thérens ( 427 m ) on the Aire, on the southern edge of the plain
- Cervonnex ( 510 m ) on the plateau east of the Nant de Feigères valley
- Lathoy ( 492 m ) on the plateau south of the Arande valley
Neighboring communities of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois are Archamps in the east, Neydens and Feigères in the south, Viry in the west and the Swiss communities Soral , Perly-Certoux and Bardonnex in the north.
The municipality of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois was already populated during prehistoric times and during Roman times. The place was first mentioned in a document in the 13th century. The name was given to St. Julian of Brioude , a Christian martyr from Roman Gaul. For a long time, Saint-Julien-en-Genevois was controversial between the Bishop of Geneva and the Counts of Geneva on the one hand and the Savoyians on the other. From 1536 to 1567 it belonged to the Bailiwick of Ternier under the rule of Bern. The Reformation was also introduced at this time .
At the beginning of the 17th century the village came to Savoy and from then on shared its fate. Until 1893 the village was called Saint-Julien, then the addition en-Genevois was added to avoid confusion with other places of the same name . There were territorial changes in 1926 when the hamlet of Cervonnex was separated from Feigères and incorporated into Saint-Julien-en-Genevois, and in 1965 with the incorporation of the previously independent Thairy.
With 14,258 inhabitants (January 1, 2017), Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is one of the large communes of the Haute-Savoie department. The population has continued to grow rapidly since the 1950s and continues to this day. Outside the old town center, numerous single and multi-family houses as well as apartment blocks were built.
Saint-Julien-en-Genevois has a church that originally dates from the High Middle Ages and a house of worship built in the 20th century. Ruins of the medieval castles of La Poype and Ternier have been preserved. The Château de Thairy dates from the 13th century.
Economy and Infrastructure
Up until the beginning of the 20th century, Saint-Julien-en-Genevois was predominantly an agricultural village. Agriculture still has a certain status today. On the fertile soils of the Plaine de l'Aire, crops and vegetables are grown, and there are vineyards on the sun-exposed slopes at Norcier and Crache. Since the 1950s, the village has gradually developed into an urban center and is now part of the agglomeration of Geneva. Today there are numerous small and medium-sized businesses, as well as various industries, construction and trading companies and companies in the service sector.
Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is the location of a regional hospital and, together with Bardonnex, shares the motorway customs facility on the Lausanne-Geneva-France connection ( A1 / A40 / A41 ). Numerous workers are also commuters who work as cross-border commuters in the Geneva agglomeration. In the opposite direction, leisure businesses have settled in Saint-Julien, including a large discotheque, a fun pool and a casino, whose offers are aimed equally at the Swiss population and the French region.
The community is very well developed in terms of transport. It is at the crossroads of the main roads from Geneva to Annecy and from Annemasse to Bellegarde-sur-Valserine . Southeast of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois is the motorway junction at which the Swiss A1 and A41 (Saint-Julien-Annecy ) branch off from the A40 (Lyon-Bellegarde-Annemasse). The closest connection to the A40 motorway is around two kilometers away. Saint-Julien-en-Genevois has a station on the Annemasse – Bellegarde railway line , which is currently served by a regional express. A TPG cross-border bus line connects Saint-Julien with the center of Geneva.
International contacts and partnerships
- Saint-Julien-en-Genevois has had a town partnership with Mössingen in Baden-Württemberg (Germany) since January 13, 1990 .
- The Lycée “Mme de Stael” in Saint-Julien has had a school partnership with the Adolph-Diesterweg-Gymnasium Plauen in Saxony since 2001 .
- Rémi Cusin (* 1986), racing cyclist
- Younès Kaboul (* 1986), French football player of Moroccan origin
- Michel-Marie Pacthod (1764-1830), General of the Infantry
- Markus-Oliver Schwaab (* 1964), German economist
- Official website of the city of Saint-Julien-en-Genevois (French)
- Paul Guichonnet: Saint-Julien-en-Genevois. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland .