|Community association||Arve et Salève|
|Coordinates||46 ° 7 ' N , 6 ° 12' E|
|surface||14.38 km 2|
|Residents||1,063 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||74 inhabitants / km 2|
La Muraz is a French commune in the department of Haute-Savoie in the region of Auvergne Rhône-Alpes .
La Muraz is located at around 641 m , around ten kilometers southeast of the city of Geneva (as the crow flies). The village extends in the valley of the Viaison (left tributary of the Arve ), at the eastern foot of the Salève , north of the high plateau of Bornes.
The area of the 14.38 km² municipal area covers a section west of the lower Arve valley. The Viaison flows through the area in an open valley from southwest to northeast. To the east of this valley, the communal soil extends to a wide ridge of the Bornes plateau (up to 900 m ), which is partly wooded ( Bois d'Yvre ), but mainly consists of meadows. To the west, the community area extends over a densely wooded slope to the wide ridge of the Salève. The highest point of La Muraz is reached here at 1307 m .
In addition to the actual village, La Muraz also includes the settlements of Le Feu ( 900 m ) on a ledge on the eastern slope of the Salève and Le Mont ( 787 m ) on the eastern slope of the Viaison. Neighboring municipalities of La Muraz are Monnetier-Mornex in the north, Reignier-Ésery in the east, Arbusigny and Le Sappey in the south and Archamps and Collonges-sous-Salève in the west.
The municipality of La Muraz was populated very early. During the Iron Age , ore deposits were mined on the Salève. Wall foundations were discovered which can be dated back to the time of the Allobrogians . The village was first mentioned in a document in the 15th century.
The medieval church of Saint-Martin was destroyed in a fire in 1871 and then rebuilt in neo -Gothic style until 1885.
With 1,063 inhabitants (January 1, 2017), La Muraz is one of the small communities in the Haute-Savoie department. In the first half of the 20th century the population decreased continuously (1901 La Muraz had 752 inhabitants, 1968 only 367). Since the beginning of the 1970s, however, thanks to the proximity of the Geneva agglomeration, there has been a significant increase in population again.
Economy and Infrastructure
Until well into the 20th century, La Muraz was a predominantly agricultural village. Today there are some local small businesses. Many workers are commuters who work in the larger towns in the area, but especially in the Geneva-Annemasse area.
The village is located away from the major thoroughfares on a local road that leads from Monnetier-Mornex along the eastern foot of the Salève to Cruseilles . Further road connections exist with Arbusigny and La Croisette on the Salève. The closest connection to the A40 motorway is around 10 km away.