|Coordinates||46 ° 7 ' N , 6 ° 2' E|
|surface||26.16 km 2|
|Residents||5,182 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||198 inhabitants / km 2|
Viry is a French commune in the department of Haute-Savoie in the region of Auvergne Rhône-Alpes .
Viry is located at 505 m , about 13 kilometers southwest of the city of Geneva (as the crow flies). The village extends on the plateau on the southern edge of the Geneva Basin, at the northern foot of Mont Sion, in the Genevois west of the Laire valley , near the border with Switzerland .
The area of the 26.16 square kilometers large municipal area includes a section of the Genevois. The community area is drained from the Laire to the Rhone . This river, which over time has carved an erosion valley into the Genevois plateaus, forms the northern border. To the south, the area extends over a gently rising plateau to the foot of the Montagne de Sion. On the slope above Ravoir, the highest point of Viry is reached at 755 m . The plateau is subdivided by various streams in the catchment area of the Laire, including the Ruisseau de Chênex and the Ruisseau des Foges . It is partly used as an agricultural area, but also has larger forest areas ( Les Grands Bois and Bois de la Rippe ).
In addition to the actual town center, Viry also includes numerous villages and hamlets:
- Veigy ( 435 m ) on the plateau south of the Laire valley
- Malagny ( 432 m ) on the plateau between the Laire and Ruisseau des Foges valleys
- Humilly ( 445 m ) on the plateau between the valleys of Ruisseau de Chênex and Ruisseau des Foges
- Humilly d'Amont ( 455 m ) on the plateau between the valleys of Ruisseau de Chênex and Ruisseau des Foges
- Essertes ( 480 m ) on the plateau at Ruisseau des Foges
- Germagny ( 528 m ) on the plateau at the northern foot of the Montagne de Sion
- L'Eluiset ( 572 m ) west of the upper Laire
- Thonex ( 560 m ) east of the upper Laire
- La Côte ( 540 m ) on the southern edge of the Bois de la Rippe
- Vaux ( 560 m ) at the northern foot of the Montagne de Sion
- Songy ( 530 m ) on a knoll north of the Bois de la Rippe
Neighboring communities of Viry are Saint-Julien-en-Genevois and Feigères in the east, Présilly and Vers in the south, Chênex and Valleiry in the west and the Swiss communities Chancy , Avusy and Soral in the north.
Viry formed a rule since the Carolingian era . The influential family of the Barons de Viry can be traced back to the 12th century. In the Middle Ages it was under the sovereignty of the Counts of Geneva and came to Savoy in 1401 . In the 16th century the barons were given the title of Counts of Viry. Fort Sainte-Catherine, built by the Savoy in 1589 during the battle against Geneva, was destroyed in 1601 by Henri IV, an ally of Geneva.
Today's Viry parish is made up of several old parishes. The village church of Viry in the Sardinian style got its current shape when it was rebuilt in 1843. Other places of worship are in L'Eluiset and in Humilly (13th century). Of the secular structures, the castle of the Viry family (built in the 17th century), the Château des Granges and the ruins of the Fort Sainte-Catherine should be mentioned. Different hamlets show characteristic houses from the 17th to 19th centuries.
With 5182 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) Viry is one of the medium-sized communities in the Haute-Savoie department. Since the early 1970s, thanks to the attractive residential area, there has been continuous strong population growth. Numerous single-family houses were built, especially in the area of Viry and L'Eluiset.
Economy and Infrastructure
Viry was a predominantly agricultural village well into the 20th century . Agriculture still has a certain status today. On the fertile soils, crops and vegetables are grown and there are vineyards on the sun-exposed slopes in the area of the Laire. Today, numerous local small and medium-sized businesses as well as construction companies and service companies are represented in Viry. Many workers are commuters who work in the larger towns in the area, especially in the Geneva-Annemasse area.
The place is well developed in terms of traffic. It is located above the main road N206, which leads from Annemasse along the Swiss border to Bellegarde-sur-Valserine . In Viry the D992 branches off to Seyssel . The A40 motorway also crosses the municipality, the next connection is around six kilometers away. Viry has a station on the Annemasse – Bellegarde railway line , but this is not served by passenger trains.