|Community association||Annemasse-Les Voirons-Agglomération|
|Coordinates||46 ° 12 ′ N , 6 ° 15 ′ E|
|surface||4.49 km 2|
|Residents||8,802 (January 1, 2017)|
|Population density||1,960 inhabitants / km 2|
Ville-la-Grand is a French commune in the department of Haute-Savoie in the region of Auvergne Rhône-Alpes .
Ville-la-Grand lies at 444 m , about one kilometer northeast of Annemasse and eight kilometers east of the city of Geneva (as the crow flies). The village extends in the Foron valley, on the outskirts of Annemasse, in the immediate vicinity of the border with Switzerland .
The area of the 4.49 km² municipal area includes a section in the lower Arve valley . The area is crossed from east to west by the Foron (tributary of the Arve ) in a valley that has a flat valley floor around 300 m wide and is mostly cut around 30 m into the surrounding plateaus. At Ville-la-Grand the brook enters the level of the Lake Geneva basin and from here forms the French-Swiss state border . To the east, the municipality extends to the plateau east of Annemasse. Here, at 520 m, the highest point in Ville-la-Grand is reached.
In addition to the old village, Ville-la-Grand includes numerous new residential and commercial quarters as well as the Cornières settlement ( 435 m ) west of the station area and the hamlet of Crêt ( 460 m ) on the northern slope of the Foron valley. Neighboring communities of Ville-la-Grand are Juvigny and Cranves-Sales in the east, Annemasse in the south, Ambilly in the west and the Swiss villages Puplinge and Presinge in the north.
The municipality of Ville-la-Grand was already populated during Roman times. The Roman estate villa magna , which gave the place its current name, was located here. In the Middle Ages , Ville-la-Grand was the center of a small rule. Since the place was on the border of the territories of the Counts of Geneva and Savoy, it changed hands several times. During the conquest of the Bernese (1536) and during the Savoy War (1592) the village was affected.
Puplinge, Presinge and Juvigny used to belong to the municipality. The latter became independent in 1795, while Puplinge and Presinge came to the Swiss canton of Geneva in 1816. Another change in the area was made in 1883 when the area around the train station was assigned to the municipality of Annemasse.
The church of Saint-Mammes, originally built in Romanesque style, was given its current appearance during renovations in the 19th century. The current building of the Château de Marsaz dates from the early 18th century.
With 8802 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2017) Ville-la-Grand is one of the larger municipalities in the Haute-Savoie department. Significant growth rates in terms of the number of inhabitants were recorded especially during the 1960s and 1980s. Today the settlement area has grown together seamlessly with that of Annemasse and Ambilly.
Economy and Infrastructure
Until the 20th century, Ville-la-Grand was a predominantly agricultural village. The municipality is located in the Savoie wine-growing region . White wines made from the Altesse grape variety (locally called Roussette ) may be marketed under the protected designation of origin Roussette de Savoie . The AOC Vin de Savoie applies to white wines of other grape varieties and red wines .
Since the 1950s, it gradually developed into a residential suburb of Annemasse and Geneva. Today there are numerous small and medium-sized businesses, as well as construction and trading companies and companies in the service sector. An extensive commercial and industrial zone has been built since 1980 along the main road to Thonon-les-Bains.
Although the village is away from the larger thoroughfares, it is well-developed in terms of traffic. It is located on a connecting road that leads from Annemasse to Presinge. The closest connection to the A40 motorway is around 3 km away. On the western edge of the village is the Annemasse train station with train connections to Genève-Eaux-Vives, Thonon-les-Bains, Annecy and Bellegarde.