Site Elder ( StOÄ ; designation until 1972: Site Commander ) is a position in the Bundeswehr to regulate territorial tasks on behalf of the Bundeswehr Territorial Tasks Command (KdoTerrAufgBw) within a defined site area . A location area consists of one or more locations (i.e. cities or towns with military facilities), which include one or more military properties ( barracks , training, shooting, military airfields, etc.).
The site elder is appointed by the commander of the Territorial Tasks Command of the Bundeswehr in coordination with the superiors on the service at the suggestion of the commander of the responsible regional command (LKdo). Generally this will be the senior / senior officer of the active units and military units located in the siting area . To support him, the senior barracks commanders deployed in the military properties in the siting area. The site elder regulates the fulfillment of the tasks in the site area . To do this, he uses, among other things, the support staff on the site elder (UstgPers StOÄ), formerly also known as the site sergeant (StOFw).
In small garrisons in Prussia , the senior commander - the senior garrison officer - took over the duties of the commandant who regulated all relations between the troops and civil authorities. The permanent or temporary location or space of troops falls under the term location . In the Wehrmacht , the term set location elder opposite the name Garrison elder by where it remains "by the most senior officer was in store." Site elders had "authority over the troops and institutions of the site" and issued regulations or issued instructions for "the site service and the use of the troops in military police tasks and emergencies". Garrison use capability , abbreviated GM meant that the soldier after troops medical diagnosis in the location of the home, GM H. (H. = home) was compatible or "for service with the occupation forces in hostile areas," GM F. (F. = Field).
The site elder is the link between military and civil authorities . In peacetime he is responsible for carrying out military and territorial missions on site . He coordinates relief operations in the event of natural disasters and serious accidents, the military damage clearance, as well as the self-protection and fire protection of the military infrastructure. He is the contact person for his own troops, civilian armed forces and municipal authorities. The senior officer ensures military order and security and is jointly responsible for press and public relations work . It regulates the use of site facilities such as site shooting ranges or site training areas . Unless he has assigned the task to a barracks commander, he is responsible for drawing up guard and security plans and deploying the guard services. The site elder informs the public regularly and, if necessary, in cooperation with the military training area command, about dangers and bans on military and other training areas. He is also responsible for informing the soldiers about health and social issues. He represents the military interests of the Bundeswehr vis-à-vis civil authorities. As part of administrative assistance , he supports technical and logistical assistance such as making the site infrastructure available.
The cooperation of civil authorities and agencies with the site elders is agreed at the state level, for example, as an "Agreement on responsibilities, duties and powers for maneuvers and other exercises of the Bundeswehr" on the basis of the Federal Performance Act.
The site elders are enforcement authorities. They regulate the execution of deprivation of liberty in their own responsibility. This can be disciplinary arrest according to the military disciplinary code , criminal arrest according to the Military Penal Act , imprisonment for up to six months and youth arrest . The barracks commanders are regularly appointed as prison officers.
- Central regulation A1-250 / 0-1 "Tasks in the location area"
- Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon, Vol. 7, Leipzig a. Vienna, 1908, p. 342, keyword "Garrison"
- The clever alphabet. Konversationslexikon in ten volumes. Fourth volume; Propylaen Verlag, Berlin, (1934), p. 52, keyword "Garrison"
- Dictionary of German military history, Military Publishing House of the GDR, Berlin, 1985, p. 224 f., Keyword "Garrison"
- The clever alphabet. Konversationslexikon in ten volumes. Ninth volume; Propylaen Verlag, Berlin, (1935), p. 227, keyword "senior officer (garrison elder)"
- Brockhaus. Handbook of Knowledge. Second volume; Verlag FA Brockhaus, Leipzig, 1924, p. 157, keyword "Garrison usable".
- Site / site officers, author: Frank Anton, Bundesarchiv Koblenz, online
- Location list (enforcement plan). Command Territorial Tasks of the Bundeswehr as higher enforcement authority, April 22, 2013, accessed on May 23, 2020 .
- Enforcement plan for the state of Saxony-Anhalt. Ministry of Justice and Equality of the State of Saxony-Anhalt , September 23, 2019, accessed on May 23, 2020 .