Koenigsberg in Bavaria
|coat of arms||Germany map|
Coordinates: 50 ° 5 ' N , 10 ° 34' E
|Administrative region :||Lower Franconia|
|County :||Hatred Mountains|
|Height :||280 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||61.9 km 2|
|Residents:||3588 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||58 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||97486|
|Area code :||09525|
|License plate :||HAS, EBN, GEO , HOH|
|Community key :||09 6 74 164|
|LOCODE :||DE KNB|
|City structure:||17 districts|
City administration address :
97486 Königsberg i. Bay.
|Mayor :||Claus Bittenbrünn ( Free Voters )|
|Location of the city of Königsberg in Bavaria in the Haßberge district|
Königsberg in Bavaria (officially: Königsberg i.Bay. , Until 1920 Königsberg in Franconia ) is a town in the Lower Franconian district of Haßberge in Bavaria , located between Coburg and Schweinfurt .
The small country town of Königsberg is located on the western edge of the Haßberge . The Franconian Marienweg leads through the main town .
Neighboring communities are (starting from the north in a clockwise direction): Hofheim in Unterfranken , Burgpreppach , Ebern , Kirchlauter , Zeil am Main , Haßfurt and Riedbach .
The city of Königsberg is divided into 17 districts (population in brackets, as of January 1, 2009):
In the Saxon time
Königsberg was built as a result of a castle building on the "King's Vineyard" (for the castle see: Castle Königsberg ) around 1180, probably on the ground of an old Franconian royal domain . But there was already a settlement called "Ingelhofen" in the suburbs in the early Middle Ages . Königsberg was first mentioned in 1234, in 1333 it was given market justice and in 1358 finally full city rights . The city has been transferred to other hands almost sixty times as pledge or inheritance. Königsberg has belonged to the Wettin duchies since 1400 . In the 16th century, Königsberg was a center of the area with around 2000 inhabitants. After the town and castle came into the possession of Margrave Albrecht Alcibiades of Brandenburg-Kulmbach , Wilhelm von Grumbach , Moritz von Sachsen and the diocese of Würzburg as a result of the Schmalkaldic War and the Grumbachian Handel , they were repurchased by Duke Johann Wilhelm von Sachsen-Weimar in 1569 become. Königsberg remained in the possession of the Saxon duchies for the next centuries , namely with Saxe-Weimar until 1640 , then followed Saxe-Gotha until 1675, Saxe-Römhild until 1683 and then the Duchy of Saxe-Hildburghausen . With the reorganization of the Ernestine duchies in 1826 until the end of the monarchy in 1918, the place belonged to the duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha . In 1858 the separation of administration and justice was introduced. Königsberg had its own magistral constitution. In March 1892 the city got a connection to the railway network with the Haßfurt – Hofheim line . After the end of rail traffic, the line was rebuilt. There is evidence of a medieval leprosy in Königsberg , which is known as the "special hospital" and was closed in 1754.
Change to Bavaria
After a referendum in 1919, the Free State of Coburg was united with the Free State of Bavaria on July 1, 1920 . This also brought the city of Königsberg in Franconia and the Königsberg office to Bavaria. The city was assigned to the Bavarian district of Hofheim in the district of Lower Franconia and Aschaffenburg . In the course of this, the previous addition to the name “in Franconia” was changed to “in Bavaria”.
In 1632, during the Thirty Years War , the army led by Johann T'Serclaes von Tilly camped with 8,000 men in Königsberg. The city was plundered and a carelessness caused a devastating fire that destroyed over half of the houses. It is thanks to Tilly's piety that the magnificent Gothic St. Mary's Church on the market square was spared, although the town hall right next to it also burned down. Tilly had instructed his men to protect the place of worship from the flames. Eight years later, imperial troops were again in Königsberg. The citizens had brought their possessions to safety in the roof of the church. When the soldiers stole it, they set fire to the roof so that the church was still a victim of the flames. Large parts of the city fell victim to this second city fire. It took a long time for Königsberg to recover from the Thirty Years War. The city did not regain its former importance.
The city fires were also the cause of the now so romantic, closed half-timbered old town, an “ensemble of European standing”. Since almost all the houses were burned, there is hardly any bourgeois building material from earlier centuries. Instead, the old town shows a uniform half-timbered image from the late 17th and 18th centuries in all streets. It is thanks to the commitment of the late mayor Rudolf Mett that the old town has been preserved and is a listed building.
During the Reformation , Königsberg became Lutheran in 1523 . Balthasar Düring , who comes from the city and who probably got to know Martin Luther in the Augustinian monastery in Königsberg, contributed to this. During the Reformation, the Augustinian monastery dissolved, as did the noble sisterhood of the Agelblume , which was donated by Kunigunde Truchseß . During the Reformation, Königsberg was also one of the centers of the Central German Anabaptist movement . Above all, Hans Hut and Eucarius Binder were active as Anabaptist preachers in Königsberg and the surrounding area.
On January 1, 1972, the previously independent community of Unfind was incorporated. Köslau and Kottenbrunn followed on April 1, 1972. On July 1, 1972, Altershausen, Hofstetten and Römershofen were added. Junkersdorf was incorporated on January 1, 1974. The series of incorporations was completed on May 1, 1978 with the incorporation of Dörflis near Königsberg in Bavaria, Hellingen and Holzhausen.
Mayor has been Claus Bittenbrünn (Free Voters) since October 14, 2014; he was re-elected on March 15, 2020 with 81.2% of the vote. His predecessor Uwe Beck (CSU) only prevailed in March 2014 against Erich Stubenrauch (Free Voters) with around 66%, who had been mayor since 2002, but left office after a short time for health reasons. Stubenrauch's predecessor was Kurt Sieber (FDP), who had held the office since 1990. He was a member of the state parliament from 1978 to 1982.
The City Council of Königsberg i.Bay. has 16 members (excluding the mayor).
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coat of arms
The description reads: "In gold a two-tailed, red armored black lion."
Culture and sights
Königsberg is known for its half-timbered houses in the old town. The central salt market is still today an ensemble of half-timbered houses that is rarely closed and is completely under monument protection . There is a monument to Regiomontanus , the town hall with a statue of Roland and the Tillyhaus.
The late Gothic St. Mary's Church was built between 1397 and 1432. At the beginning of the 20th century, the nave was restored to its original appearance under the direction of the Coburg architect Leopold Oelenheinz . It was destroyed in the town fire in 1640 and built as a wooden structure in a baroque style. The building is one of the handsomest hall churches franc and contains the imprint of the Last Supper reliefs from the Dresdner Cross Church , who was born in Koenigsberg sculptor s Heinrich Epler .
Other buildings worth mentioning are
- St. Joseph Church
- Stone path system
- Monastery gardens ( Augustinian monastery in Königsberg )
- Milbes memorial stone
Economy and Infrastructure
The station Königsberg (Bayern) was on the railway line Hassfurt-Hofheim . This has now been shut down. There is a regional bus connection to and from Königsberg between Haßfurt and Hofheim.
- The Franconian Rohrwerke Gebr. Kirchner GmbH & Co. KG has since 1912 headquartered in Königsberg. The family company produces primarily corrugated plastic pipes with a turnover of 580 million euros and 4,500 employees worldwide (as of 2019).
- Regiolux GmbH, founded in 1952, has around 200 employees (as of 2011) and manufactures lighting systems. Lichtwerk GmbH is a subsidiary.
- KHK Bike Handels GmbH manufactures and sells special bicycles and bicycle accessories.
A transmission tower is located south of Königsberg, which was used to distribute the “ Radio Primaton ” program on 105.8 MHz with 320 W ERP.
sons and daughters of the town
- Regiomontanus (1436–1476), actually: Johannes Müller, mathematician and astronomer
- Nikolaus II. Engel († 1509), abbot of the Cistercian monastery in Ebrach
- Balthasar Düring (1466–1529), reformer
- Johannes Marcellus (1510–1552) also: Regiomontanus, philologist and poet
- Georg Christoph Eimmart the Elder (1603–1658), painter and engraver of the Bavarian early Baroque
- Wolfgang Carl Briegel (1626–1712), composer
- Wilhelm von Schröder (1640–1688), political economist and mercantilist
- Friedrich Heinrich von Seckendorff (1673–1763), imperial field marshal and diplomat
- Wilhelm Friedrich Hezel (1754–1824), orientalist, theologian and university professor
- Leopold Oberländer (1811–1868), lawyer and politician, Mayor of Coburg, member of the state parliament (Saxony Coburg)
- Heinrich Epler (1846–1905), sculptor and professor at the Art Academy in Dresden
- Eduard Lingel (1849–1922), shoe manufacturer
- Manfred Weippert (* 1937), Protestant theologian
Personalities who have worked in the place
- Paul Melissus (1539–1602), writer, translator and composer. He was cantor in Königsberg for a short time and dedicated a poem to the city in 1577 (ad montem regio franconiae) .
- Paul Graf von Waldersee (1831–1906), Prussian officer and musicologist, lived in Königsberg from 1888 until his death. He is buried in the city cemetery.
- Hans Wollschläger (1935–2007), writer and translator, lived in Dörflis from 1998 until his death
- ↑ "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- ↑ http://www.bayerische-landesbibliothek-online.de/orte/ortssuche_action.html ? Anzeige=voll&modus=automat&tempus=+20111025/120239&attr=OBJ&val= 1637
- ↑ http://www.geodaten.bayern.de/denkmal_static_data/externe_denkmalliste/pdf/denkmalliste_merge_674164.pdf
- ↑ Documentation: Medieval leprosories in today's Bavaria, originally in “Die Klapper”, 1995, magazine of the Society for Leprosy, accessed on August 10, 2017 ( Memento of the original from February 6, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ^ The State Treaty between Bavaria and Coburg
- ^ Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 486 .
- ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 759, 760 .
- ↑ About us | FRÄNKISCHE Rohrwerke - Fränkische Rohrwerke. Retrieved July 1, 2019 .
- ↑ khk bike - company ( Memento of the original from April 27, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ 
- Ernst Solger: History of the city and the office of Königsberg in Franconia . Riemann, Coburg 1894 ( digitized version ).
- Ökodorf Altershausen ( Memento from March 31, 2009 in the Internet Archive )
- Entry on the coat of arms of Königsberg in Bavaria in the database of the House of Bavarian History