City of Traunreut
|Height :||570 m|
|Residents :||1422 (2013)|
|Incorporation :||May 1, 1978|
|Postal code :||83374|
|Area code :||08669|
Parish Church of Traunwalchen
Traunwalchen is a district of the town of Traunreut in the Upper Bavarian district of Traunstein with around 1500 inhabitants. Traunwalchen is the seat of a Catholic parish . Traunwalchen is known, among other things, for its music school and the Carl Orff elementary school, which are closely connected to the work of Carl Orff .
Traunwalchen is located on the Traun , a tributary of the Alz , at an altitude of . The place is divided into an upper and a lower village and the settlement that emerged after 1945. New building areas around the turn of the millennium are the Zachersdorfer Äcker and Frauenbrunn.
790 Traunwalchen and its surroundings are mentioned for the first time in the Salzburg document Notitia Arnonis . There are 80 taxable novels mentioned on the Traun. Traunwalchen is also known as "Trunwalha". One can assume Romanesque population for the places Litzlwalchen, Traunwalchen, Walchenberg, Roitwalchen, Kammer , Oberwalchen and Katzwalchen.
Since 1183 at the latest, the site has been cared for by conventuals from Baumburg monastery . In 1290 Engelbrecht from the Tachinger family built a castle opposite the Traunwalchen church on the banks of the Traun and named it "Perchtenstein" in honor of his wife Perchta von Stein. In 1345 the Kirchstätt church, built in the middle of a clearing of the “Weitholz”, was consecrated. Around 1382, Pertenstein Castle was inherited by the Lords of Toerring, and they have owned it to this day. Around 1450 the enigmatic Traunwalchen disc cross was built on the cemetery wall. It is unique of its kind in Upper Bavaria. The oldest entry in the “Traunwalchener Mirakelbuch” dates from 1507. Almost 900 incidents tell of the late medieval pilgrimage to Traunwalchen.
In 1551, after decades of legal dispute, part of the village of Traunwalchen had to be given up by the Wittelsbachers , represented by their keeper in Traunstein . The upper village with the church was incorporated into the domain of the Hofmark Pertenstein, which belonged to the Lords of Toerring.
In 1606 the Frauenbrunn chapel was built near the village of Traunwalchen over a spring . The pilgrimage to Traunwalchen thus took off enormously. In 1628 after the consecration of the cathedral in Salzburg, the Elector of Cologne, Duke Albrecht and the Electress of Bavaria stayed at Pertenstein Castle on their way home. "The nobles liked the castle and its location very much."
In 1635 the plague raged in Traunwalchen. In 1648 refugees sought refuge in Traunwalchen during the Thirty Years' War. In 1679, the Baroque poet Johann Albert Poyssl worked in the Traunwalchen church. The striking church tower was built in 1717. 1743–1745 during the War of the Austrian Succession, billeting took place in Pertenstein Castle. As a votive plaque from that time reports, the place was spared from attacks by the soldiers. In 1768 Trostberg-based Rococo artist Johann Georg Kapfer worked on the new high altar for the Traunwalchen church. His work has been preserved to this day.
In 1805, after the abolition of the Baumburg monastery , Traunwalchen was raised to its own royal parish. In 1808, as part of the secularization policy of the early 19th century, the Traunwalchner branch church in Kirchstätt was demolished. In 1818, with the Bavarian municipal edict, the former main team was transformed into a political municipality. From 1833 to 1834, the Kirchstätter church was rebuilt by local farmers on the basis of a vow. In 1839 the nave of the Traunwalchen parish church was rebuilt. In 1855 Traunwalchen received its first schoolhouse. In 1874 the Traunwalchen volunteer fire brigade was founded , and in 1902 the Matzing Boys Sick Support Association , from which the Matzing-Traunwalchen Boys Association emerged. In 1904 the church in Traunwalchen was redesigned and in 1905 for the parish centenary, Pastor Lohr's “Brief History of the Parish of Traunwalchen” appeared.
From 1914 to 1918, 64 young men from the Traunwalchen parish lost their lives in the First World War. During the Second World War, a bomb was dropped over the municipality of Traunwalchen, killing several people in the hamlet of Arleting. 74 young men died in World War II.
After 1945 the population rose sharply due to displaced persons. On October 1, 1950, the government of Upper Bavaria formed the new community with the name Traunreut from areas of the communities Palling, Pierling, Stein an der Traun and Traunwalchen. In 1965 the Traunwalchen Singing and Music School was founded.
In 1969 the newly founded association “Heimatbund Schloss Pertenstein” took on the Toerring Castle Pertenstein, which was threatened with decay, and fundamentally renovated the castle and the associated chapel. On the initiative of Hans Lauber, Hans Veit Graf zu Toerring-Jettenbach left the castle to the Heimatbund on a long lease after it was founded on February 9, 1969. In 1971 the Traunwalchner church was renovated again. In 1971 the GTEV "d'Traunviertler" Traunwalchen was founded.
With effect from January 1, 1972, the Matzing community, founded in 1818, dissolves and joins the Traunwalchen community. In 1974 the Traunwalchen brass band was formed. The municipality of Traunwalchen is incorporated into the city of Traunreut on May 1, 1978 as part of the municipal reform. In 1978 the primary and secondary school in Traunwalchen was named "Carl Orff Primary School Traunwalchen". It should be pointed out that the educational work of Carl Orff has found a special care home in Traunwalchen. From 1984 to 1986 the Traunwalchen school was completely renovated and partly rebuilt. Traunwalchen celebrated the 1200th anniversary of its first documented mention in 1990. From 1993 the village renewal began in Traunwalchen. In 1993/1994 the Traunwalchner Church was redesigned based on old models. The Orff Schulwerk Symposium 2000 took place in Traunwalchen from July 6th to 9th, 2000. In 2002 the new Talmühle hydropower plant was inaugurated. Traunwalchen has undergone major changes since 1997 when the settlement area was expanded to include the construction areas of Zachersdorfer Äcker (1997), Frauenbrunn I (2004) and Frauenbrunn II (2013). In addition, the western local area was heavily burdened with traffic due to the small Ostspange (bypass of Traunreut), which led to the foundation of the ViTO - Verkehrs-Initiative Traunwalchen-Oderberg.
Following the closure of the last larger local retailer, the construction of a village shop is planned for 2020/21 .
The Traunwalchen Singing and Music School, founded in 1965, and the Traunwalchen Carl-Orff Elementary School shape a rich cultural life in the town. The Orff-Schulwerk-Symposium 2000 took place from July 6th to 9th, 2000 in Traunwalchen. The Traunwalchen marching band was founded in 1974 and has also been a musical train for the Traunstein Mountain Rifle Company since 1993. An independent youth band has also established itself. The church choir works together on high church holidays and celebrations .
The new organ in the parish church is a new building by Orgelbau Osterhammer, Prien, and was inaugurated on April 13, 2009 by Auxiliary Bishop Franz Dietl . Customs are u. a. Maintained by the traditional costume association GTEV D´Traunviertler and the Goaßlschnalzer.
Landmarks and archaeological monuments
- Parish Church of the Birth of Mary
- Frauenbrunn Chapel , pilgrimage chapel
- Castle Pertenstein
- Ground monuments, see: List of ground monuments in Traunreut
Sons and daughters of the place
- Alois Glück (* 1940 in Hörzing), former President of the Bavarian State Parliament
- Franz Parzinger (* 1955/56), former mayor of the city of Traunreut
- Carl Orff (1895–1982), composer
- The late Cardinal Leo Scheffczyk (1920–2005) was parish vicar in Traunwalchen in 1948
- Johannes Danner: 1200 years of Traunwalchen. From the history of a region on the Traun . Trostberg 1990. ISBN 3-925-249-16-8
- Johannes Danner: Parish Church of the Birth of Mary - Frauenbrunn - Church Kirchstätt. Three outstanding architectural monuments in the parish of Traunwalchen . Traunstein 1995.
- Wilhelm Volkert (Ed.): Handbook of the Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 582 .
- 50 years of the Heimatbund Schloss Pertenstein. Traunsteiner Tagblatt dated February 5, 2019, accessed on April 19, 2020.
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer GmbH, Stuttgart and Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 593 .
- Dorfladen Traunwalchen: "If it is implemented like this, it's a great thing" , Traunsteiner Tagblatt dated February 21, 2020, accessed on April 20, 2020.
- New and restored organs in the Archdiocese: Parish Church of the Birth of Mary in Traunwalchen , accessed on April 20, 2020.