Lindenberg in the Allgäu
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Swabia|
|County :||Lindau (Lake Constance)|
|Height :||764 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||11.85 km 2|
|Residents:||11,525 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||973 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88161|
|Area code :||08381|
|License plate :||LI|
|Community key :||09 7 76 117|
|LOCODE :||DE LNB|
|City structure:||9 parts of the community|
City administration address :
88161 Lindenberg i.Allgäu
|Mayor :||Eric Ballerstedt (CSU)|
|Location of the town of Lindenberg im Allgäu in the district of Lindau (Lake Constance)|
Lindenberg im Allgäu (officially: Lindenberg im Allgäu , westallgäuerisch Lind e b e rg ), with around 11,500 inhabitants, the second largest city in the Swabian district of Lindau (Bodensee) and forms the heart of the region Westallgäu .
Landscapes and parts of the municipality
There is only the district Lindenberg in the Allgäu.
Lindenberg, which is located at a low-fog altitude, was the sunniest city in Germany in 2006 with 2217 hours of sunshine. In 2009 it was only 1977 hours, but Lindenberg was next to Scheidegg the sunniest place in Bavaria . (The statistically relevant long-term average of sunshine duration, which is the basis for comparisons with other stations, is naturally lower than such peak values for a single year.)
Until the 18th century
From around 500 BC A few Celts settled in the Allgäu and practiced agriculture . Around the year 15 BC The area was occupied by Roman troops . They expanded the Roman area towards the Danube and later built a Roman road that connected Brigantium ( Bregenz ) via Cambodunum ( Kempten (Allgäu) ) with Augusta Vindelicorum ( Augsburg ). Around 500 AD, the Alemanni conquered the Roman Limes and have lived in the area ever since. In the 8th century, the area of today's Lindenberg was in the hands of the noble family of the Udalrichinger von Bregenz and their heirs.
In the 9th century the area went to St. Gallen . The first written mention of Lindenberg can be found on a deed of ownership from the St. Gallen monastery . In the year 857 Patacho and Sigibert , two important nobles, donated goods in "Lintiberc" to the monastery of St. Gallen . Then the place passed to the Counts of Montfort , whose ancestral castle near Bregenz can still be seen today. Their governor was in Thalersdorf (Dallendorf) near Gestratz and the farmers had to bring their tithes there. In 1249 the church, goods and subjects came to the Mehrerau monastery , which was built in 1097. The Lindenberg parish was first mentioned in 1257 in the Liber decimationis of the Diocese of Constance .
In 1634, during the Thirty Years' War , Swedish troops broke into Western Allgäu; in the spring of 1634 large parts of Lindenberg were cremated. Lindenberg became more important when it received market rights in 1784. Up to three cattle markets were now allowed to be held each year.
Transition to Bavaria
Lindenberg belonged to Austria as part of the Bregenz-Hohenegg rule until the Napoleonic Wars . A French army entered the Allgäu in 1796 and advanced to Kempten . In the Treaty of Brno of December 10, 1805, the place came to the newly created Kingdom of Bavaria ; In the Peace of Pressburg , the Austrian Empire under Franz I agreed to some cessions at the end of 1805. With the municipal dictates of 1808 and 1818, today's municipality was created.
As early as 1656, Lindenberg straw hats were being sold in peddlers and at markets. In 1755 they began to organize the manufacture and sale of straw hats. Numerous small companies were created by 1914. The hat industry is economically insignificant today; the memory of them is kept alive with an annual "hat day" and a hat museum . In 1901 Lindenberg is connected to the Röthenbach – Scheidegg railway line . In 1908 the place was elevated to a city. The parish church was consecrated on May 14, 1914. Both world wars bring hat production to a standstill. Lindenberg is occupied by French troops on April 30, 1945. In 1955 the Bavarian District of Lindau returned to the Free State of Bavaria. 1993 the railway line is closed by Lindenberg. In 2014 the German Hat Museum opens in Lindenberg.
Lindenberg in the Allgäu grew by 1,044 inhabitants or around 10% between 1988 and 2008. Between 1988 and 2018 the city grew from 10,171 to 11,546 by 1,375 inhabitants or 13.5%.
The population figures from 1840 onwards relate to today's municipality area (as of 1978).
In March 2014, Eric Ballerstedt was able to prevail against incumbent Johann Zeh in the second ballot. Zeh had held the office for 18 years.
coat of arms
The Lindenberg coat of arms shows a two-tower red church in silver on a green Dreiberg in front view with a wide porch and blue roofs, a green linden tree on each side.
Culture and sights
- The city of Lindenberg has been awarding a culture prize every year since 1987. The first prize winner was the painter Luis Gurschler.
- The Westallgäu Art Prize 2009 went to the painter Albert Malnati from Wasserburg . The prize, endowed with € 1000, is awarded as part of the Westallgäu art exhibition .
- The Lindenberg Culture Prize 2009 (endowed with 1500 €) went to Erich Felder
- City parish church of St. Peter and Paul
- The foundation stone for this church, also known as the Westallgäu Cathedral , was laid on September 8, 1912, and the inauguration took place on August 1, 1914. The architect of the neo-baroque building was Franz Rank . The ceiling painting, created in 1961, is considered the most important work by the Goßholz painter Paul Keck (1904–1973).
- Aurelius Church
- The old Peter and Paul Church is named after him because of a relic of St. Aurelius, in order not to confuse it with the new parish church. It dates from the Middle Ages and was rebuilt in the 17th century after a fire; until 1914 it was the city parish church.
- Hat museum
- The previous Hat Museum Lindenberg, which showed hats, hat presses, blanks and many remarkable details on the subject of hats on over 300 m², closed its doors on October 27, 2013. As the German Hat Museum Lindenberg , it was reopened on December 13, 2014 in an expanded and modified form in the building of the former hat factory Ottmar Reich.
- The Waldsee is one of the highest moor lakes in Germany at 765.4 meters and was created as a fish pond in the Middle Ages.
Cheese and gourmet festival
The “International Cheese and Gourmet Festival” takes place in Lindenberg, where cheese makers from the region, but also from France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, Holland and Slovenia are represented.
The so-called "Huttag" takes place every year in April. For this purpose, the Lindenbergers choose their Lindenberg hat queen every two years . During the two-year term of office, she represents the hat town of Lindenberg and the Westallgäu at events, tourism and fashion fairs, in publications and hat fashion shows.
The socialist hat is a prize awarded annually in Lindenberg by the Lindau district association of the SPD Bavaria .
Economy and Infrastructure
In addition to a traditional cheese factory, Lindenberg is home to suppliers to the aerospace and automotive industries as well as one of the largest European photo laboratories.
Significant companies and institutions are:
- Liebherr-Aerospace Lindenberg GmbH: Landing gears, actuation systems, flight controls and electronics for aircraft
- Mayser GmbH & Co. KG: headgear, foam technology, deformation technology & safety technology
- Schreiber & Rupp cheese factory / Bergland cheese factory
- Mauderer Alutechnik GmbH
- allcop Farbbild-Service Bilderverarbeitung GmbH & Co. KG
- Humboldt Institute - Association for German as a Foreign Language V.
- Art publishing house Josef Fink
- Gebr. Baldauf GmbH & Co. KG - Baldauf cheese dairy
Lindenberg owns the Rotkreuzklinik Lindenberg, a hospital for basic and standard care. It was founded in 1963 and has 174 beds.
sons and daughters of the town
Born in Lindenberg:
- Johann Georg Specht (1721–1803), builder and architect
- Josef Anton Specht (1828–1894), mountaineer and entrepreneur
- Anton Fehr (1881–1954), agricultural economist and politician (Minister of Agriculture in the Weimar Republic, Bavarian Minister of Agriculture)
- Hanns Hagenauer (1896–1975), painter and draftsman
- Luis Gurschler (1913–2000), painter, first winner of the City of Lindenberg Culture Prize
- Hermann Stoller (1932–2009), local history researcher
- Werner Specht (* 1942), painter and songwriter
- Josef Fink (* 1947), publisher, founded the art publisher Josef Fink in Lindenberg in 1996 and received the Lindenberg City Culture Prize in 2017
- Thomas Elbert (* 1950), neuropsychologist and university professor
- Bernhard Jott Keller (* 1950), painter, photographer and author
- Joachim Pfeiffer (* 1950), literary scholar
- Stephan Huber (* 1952), sculptor
- Klaus Gietinger (* 1955), film director and screenwriter
- Max Schmelcher (* 1956), sculptor
- Harald Heinrich (* 1967), Cathedral Capitular and Vicar General in the Diocese of Augsburg
- Tobias Steinhauser (* 1972), former racing cyclist
- Markus Miller (* 1982), soccer goalkeeper (including Karlsruher SC , Hannover 96 )
- Philipp Schmid (* 1986), German ski racer
- Alex Burkhard (* 1988), author, slam poet and cabaret artist
- Alessandro Riedle (* 1991), soccer player (currently SC Brühl St. Gallen )
In Lindenberg lived and worked or also live and work:
- Johann Evangelist Keller (1824–1910), Mayor 1860–1884, member of the Reichstag and Landtag
- Heinrich Brauns (1868–1939), politician (Minister of Labor in the Weimar Republic)
- Otto Keck (1873–1948), innkeeper in Goßholz and the painter of the Allgäu
- Otto Geßler (1875–1955), politician (Reichswehr Minister in the Weimar Republic 1920–1928), President of the Bavarian Red Cross and Honorary President of the German Red Cross
- Georg Grübel, Klaus Gietinger, Manfred Röhrl: "Chapeau - The Westallgäu guards the world. The history of hat production in Lindenberg and the surrounding area". Kunstverlag Josef Fink , Lindenberg im Allgäu 2015, ISBN 978-3-89870-875-3 .
- Peter Mittermeier (text), Thomas Gretler (photos): Lindenberg - The sunny city in the Allgäu . Kunstverlag Josef Fink, Lindenberg im Allgäu 2015, ISBN 978-3-89870-910-1 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Lindenberg in the Allgäu in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Internet presence of the city of Lindenberg
- City history tour
- Information and video about Lindenberg im Allgäu
- Lindenberg im Allgäu: Official statistics of the LfStat
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- The museum on broemme-schneiderlein.com, accessed November 26, 2011
- The Brömme hat museum in Nuremberg at nuernberg.bayern-online.de, accessed on November 26, 2011
- Community Lindenberg im Allgäu in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, accessed on August 18, 2019.
- Scheidegg and Lindenberg are the sunniest places in Bavaria 2009 ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Timo Frasch: Die Hutlose Gesellschaft , faz.net of December 9, 2011, accessed on December 11, 2011
- City of Lindenberg, result of the 2020 city council election
- Winner of the Culture Prize of the City of Lindenberg , accessed on October 1, 2013
- The Westallgäu Art Prize to Albert Malnati
- The Lindenberg Culture Prize to Erich Felder
- Söldnerhaus picture show ( Memento from May 21, 2016 in the Internet Archive )
- Stadtpfarrkirche St. Peter and Paul ( Memento from September 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Christ had to be particularly successful , all-in.de, December 24, 2011
- Aureliuskirche ( Memento from September 28, 2013 in the Internet Archive )
- Website of the hat museum. Retrieved March 21, 2014 .
- Waldsee was already used as a fish pond in the Middle Ages ( Memento from February 9, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Bayernland sells processed cheese factory to Schreiber & Rupp
- Mauderer Alutechnik GmbH
- Press material for the 150th anniversary of Baldauf cheese
- Luis Gurschler
- Directory of the winners of the Lindenberg City Culture Prize