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Coat of arms of Písek
Písek (Czech Republic)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : Czech RepublicCzech Republic Czech Republic
Historical part of the country : Bohemia
Region : Jihočeský kraj
District : Písek
Area : 6322 ha
Geographic location : 49 ° 19 '  N , 14 ° 9'  E Coordinates: 49 ° 18 '32 "  N , 14 ° 8' 45"  E
Height: 378  m nm
Residents : 30,351 (Jan 1, 2019)
Postal code : 397 01
Street: Pilsen - Budweis
Railway connection: Zdice – Protivín
Tábor – Písek
Status: city
Districts: 9
Mayor : Eva Vanžurová (as of 2012)
Address: Velké náměstí 114
397 19 Písek
Municipality number: 549240
Website : www.mesto-pisek.cz

Písek (German Pisek ) is a Czech city ​​in the Písek district in South Bohemia with almost 30,000 inhabitants.


Old town of Písek

Písek is located in the South Bohemian region about 100 km south of Prague and about 50 km north of Budweis on European route 49 .

The city lies on the Wottawa (Otava) , a river with gold-bearing sand ( písek means "sand" in Czech). The city extends on both banks of the river.

To the east rise the Jarník ( 609  m ) and the Velký Mehelník ( 632  m ).


The first people came to the Písek cauldron at the end of the Paleolithic and settled north of today's city. In the Iron Age, the site of what would later become the city was inhabited by Celts . They were first replaced by Teutons and later by Slavs .

Perhaps as early as the 12th century there was a village with the St. Wenceslas Church on the place where the Wenceslas suburb (Václavské předměstí) is today. Already in 1308 the village was mentioned as Altpísek (Starý Písek) .

Písek Stone Bridge

The actual medieval city ​​was founded at the end of the reign of Wenceslas I , in the middle of the 13th century. The first document about the town appears in a document of the mentioned king from 1243. His son, King Ottokar II. Přemysl , paid special attention to the construction of Písek in order to strengthen the power of the House of the Přemyslids in the south of Bohemia . Within a short time a castle and a town including a parish church and a Dominican monastery were built here. A stone bridge now makes it possible to cross the river. 1256 the place was raised to a royal city .

The immediate reason for founding Písek was probably gold panned from the river. The city also monitored traffic on the Golden Path (Zlatá stezka) and was an important base of royal power in South Bohemia . The city received numerous privileges from the Bohemian rulers. These formed the basis for the city's substantial wealth.

Písek joined the Hussites as early as 1419 and became a free member of the Hussite Tábor League. Even later, until 1452, the city kept its independence. It gradually became one of the richest Bohemian cities and in 1509 bought the royal castle and large forest areas in the Písecké hory ("Písek Mountains"). The period of prosperity lasted until the beginning of the 1530s.

In 1532, most of the buildings in the city were destroyed by fire. In 1543 Písek was punished for participating in the unsuccessful resistance against the Habsburgs by King Ferdinand I by depriving him of all rights and property. Although most of the confiscated goods had been returned to the city, it was nearing a serious crisis: Písek was in debt and in 1611 the city was sacked.

Písek Castle
Small square with Marian column

The Thirty Years' War caused fatal consequences : the city was taken three times by military force. In particular, after the last siege on September 30, 1620, the city was completely destroyed by imperial troops and some of the population was killed. The devastated city was additionally damaged by fires in 1627, 1646 and 1651. It took decades for the city to recover.

In 1744 a troop unit was stationed in the city. Písek was the seat of the district office for the Prachin district until the middle of the 19th century and in 1850 it became the seat of a district office. There was a strong patriotic movement here since the middle of the 19th century. Industry developed and in 1888 the municipal power station was put into operation.

City Theatre

The Czechoslovak Republic was proclaimed in Písek on October 14, 1918 - two weeks before the official founding of the state on October 28, 1918. The city continued its pre-war tradition and remained a sought-after place for students, summer guests and pensioners; the latter wanted to spend a quiet old age here. Presidents Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and Edvard Beneš visited the city ​​several times .

From 1939 the city belonged to the German-occupied Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia . The occupation ended with the arrival of the American army on the evening of May 6, 1945. Soviet troops did not reach the city until May 10th.

During the floods in Central Europe in 2002 , a large part of Písek was badly damaged. Today the city is completely renovated again.

The central central belt asteroid (2672) Písek is named after the city.

City structure

The town of Pisek consists of the districts Budějovické Předměstí (Budweiser suburb) , Hradiště (Hradischt) , Novy Dvur (Neuhof) , Pražské Předměstí (Prague suburb) , Purkratice (Burgratitz) , Semice (Semitz) , Smrkovice (Smerkowitz) , Václavské Předměstí ( St. Wenceslas) and Vnitřní Město (Inner City) .


Stone bridge

Bridge, castle and old town

The bridge over the Otava River is the oldest surviving bridge in the Czech Republic, although its exact date of foundation is unknown. It is first mentioned in written documents in 1348. North of the Alps in Europe there is only one older, preserved stone bridge, namely the one in Regensburg . In 2002 the bridge was badly damaged by a flood.


The castle was built at the same time as the town by Přemysl Ottokar II . The importance of the castle is confirmed by the frequent stays of Bohemian rulers. Some parts of the castle became the seat of the Písek town hall from the 16th century. Other parts were destroyed by fires, looting and the conversion to a brewery. The city museum (Prácheňské muzeum) has been housed there since the beginning of the 20th century .

More Attractions

Exaltation of the Cross Church
Baroque houses in the center
  • town hall
  • Monastery Church of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross
  • Putimer Gate
  • Church of the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary
  • Rectory
  • Hotel Otava
  • Melegnano- u. Solferino battle memorial 1859 (of the kk Inf.Regiment No. 11), built in 1861
  • Plague column (group of statues)
  • City library building
  • Synagogue , built in 1871
  • City Theater (of Fráňa Šrámek )
  • Power station
  • island
  • St. Wenceslas Church
  • Jewish Cemetery
  • Heldenfriedhof (military cemetery), founded in 1914
  • stud
  • Jarník lookout tower


The ice hockey club IHC Písek plays in the second division of the Czech Republic, the first division .


sons and daughters of the town

In the place worked and lived

Town twinning

Web links

Commons : Písek  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Český statistický úřad - The population of the Czech municipalities as of January 1, 2019 (PDF; 0.8 MiB)
  2. ^ Lutz D. Schmadel : Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition. Ed .: Lutz D. Schmadel. 5th edition. Springer Verlag , Berlin , Heidelberg 2003, ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7 , pp.  186 (English, 992 pp., Link.springer.com [ONLINE; accessed on September 3, 2019] Original title: Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . First edition: Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg 1992): “1979 KC. Discovered 1979 May 31 by J. Květoň at Kleť. ”
  3. https://garnison-pisek.webnode.cz/vojensky-hrbitov-v-pisku-heldenfriedhof-pisek/