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The Schmutter near Gablingen

The Schmutter near Gablingen

Water code EN : 1194
location Swabia , Bavaria
River system Danube
Drain over Danube  → Black Sea
source west of Ettringen - Siebnach
48 ° 7 ′ 54 ″  N , 10 ° 37 ′ 54 ″  E
Source height approx.  630  m
muzzle opposite Donauwörth in the Danube Coordinates: 48 ° 42 ′ 35 "  N , 10 ° 48 ′ 1"  E 48 ° 42 ′ 35 "  N , 10 ° 48 ′ 1"  E
Mouth height approx.  395  m
Height difference approx. 235 m
Bottom slope approx. 2.5 ‰
length 95.6 km
Catchment area 505.96 km²
Discharge at the Achsheim
A Eo gauge : 358 km²
Location: 29.3 km above the mouth
NNQ (07/04/1976)
MNQ 1967–2006
MQ 1967–2006
Mq 1967–2006
MHQ 1967–2006
HHQ (08/23/2005)
980 l / s
1.49 m³ / s
3.13 m³ / s
8.7 l / (s km²)
31.3 m³ / s
100 m³ / s
Schmutter near Gablingen with a lock in the background

The Schmutter is a 96-kilometer-long river in the Bavarian administrative district of Swabia and a second- order body of water , which flows into the Danube from the right after running approximately north across Donauwörth .


The name Schmutter comes from Germanic and means the boggy Ache flowing through the bog .



The Schmutter rises in the perennials about three kilometers west of Siebnach and flows in a northerly direction through the tertiary hill country and the Western Forests Nature Park towards the Danube . From Neusäß it runs on the western edge of the Lech Valley . At the lower reaches it branches off to the right into the Egelseebach , which flows into the Danube a little below it. The northern end of the Via Claudia was at the mouth of the Schmutter near Donauwörth in Roman times .


From the source to the mouth. Selection. In addition to the above, there are also numerous oxbow lakes, dividing arms and drainage ditches leading to the Schmutter.

  • Ore channel, from the left, in the forest along the municipal boundary Ettringen / Markt Wald
  • Reichenbach, from right to Berghöfe
  • Wolfsgraben, from the right near Konradshofen
  • Rinnbach, from the left near Rielhofen
  • Schweinbach , from the left near Münster
  • Kruckenbächle, from the left at Mickbach
  • Aubächle, from the left in Siegertshofen
  • Wührgraben, left arm of division near Willmatshofen
  • Neufnach , from the left in Markt Fischach
  • Käsgraben, from the left opposite Markt Fischach
  • Adelsbach, from the right
  • Schwarzach , from the right opposite Deubach
  • Willishauser Bach, from the left near Hausen
  • Anhauser Bach , from the right at Markt Diedorf
  • Kehlbach, from the left into a left dividing arm near Kreppen
  • Beaver, from the left into a left dividing arm near Kreppen
  • Lettenbach, from the right near Lettenberg
  • Holzmahdgraben, from the left in Ottmarshausen
  • Ablaßnächle, right dividing arm near Neusäss, goes off shortly before the previous one
  • Mühlbach, from the left at Hammel
  • Riedgraben, from the right near Täfertingen
  • Gailenbach, from the left at Gailenbach
  • Böglegraben, from the left near Betzenhofen into a left dividing arm
  • Holzach, from the left near Holzhausen
  • Rotgraben, from the left before Gablingen
  • Schlauegraben, from the left to Gablingen
  • Hardweggraben, from the left
  • Schwarzgraben, from the left in Achsheim
  • Biberbach , from the left into a left branch at Biberbach
  • Ruhrbach, from the right near Ehekirchen
  • Dorgbach, from the left at Markt
  • Zollbach, from the right opposite the Langenreichermühle
  • Hüttenbach, from the right into a right branch at Hüttendorf
  • Ortlfinger Bach, from the left into a left dividing arm near Ehingen
  • → (exit of the Egelseebach), to the right before Mertingen; flows independently into the Danube below the Schmutter
  • Kuppelweidgraben, from the left opposite Nordheim


Locations on the run with their affiliations. Only the names of the lowest nesting level denote neighboring settlements.


After frequent floods on the lower reaches of the Schmutter, the first flood measures were carried out at the end of the 1950s. In the 1970s, a plan began to straighten and canalize the river from the mouth upwards to prevent adjacent meadows and fields from being flooded when snowmelt or heavy rain.

However, this also meant that the harvests fell sharply because the river had supplied salts from the source region and these were no longer entered. Therefore, the regulation at the level of the federal motorway 8 / town of Neusäß was ended and the Schmutter was left in its natural course upstream, so that it still meanders through flat floodplains here .

In the past, the water quality of the Schmutter was severely impaired by discharges from farms and commercial operations, but it has now increased significantly through the construction of sewage treatment plants. For this reason, some natural outdoor pools in meander loops have been set up on the Schmutter in recent years.

Web links

Commons : Schmutter  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Directory of brook and river areas in Bavaria - Danube river area from source to Lech by the Bavarian State Office for the Environment, as of 2016 (PDF; 2.3 MB)
  2. ^ German Hydrological Yearbook Danube Region 2006 Bavarian State Office for the Environment, p. 120, accessed on October 4, 2017, at: (PDF, German, 24.2 MB).
  3. Die Schmutter on the website of the Donauwörth water management office