Otto von Dandl

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Otto von Dandl

Otto Ritter von Dandl (born May 13, 1868 in Straubing ; † May 20, 1942 ) was a German lawyer and Bavarian politician. He was the last head of government in the Kingdom of Bavaria .


Early years

He laid in 1886, the High School and began in the same year in Munich with the study of the law , which he completed successfully in 1890. In the same year he became a legal intern in Regensburg.

In 1896, Dandl got a position as a local judge at the Munich I District Court and was a civil servant in the Ministry of Justice from 1897 to 1912 , where he first worked as an assistant and then as an assistant. In this civil servant career, from 1900 to 1911 he held the positions of district judge (1900), public prosecutor (1901), government councilor (1903), senior government councilor (1906), ministerial councilor (1908) and in 1911 became ministerial director . From 1906 to 1912 he performed services in the secret chancellery of the Prince Regent Luitpold .

In December 1912 he made Prince Regent Ludwig the State Council and Cabinet Secretary.

Head of Government in Bavaria

In November 1917 Dandl took over the Office of the State Minister of the Royal Household and of Foreign the chairmanship in the Council of Ministers and formed the Cabinet Dandl . In the same year he also took on tasks as one of the authorized representatives in the Federal Council .

In November 1917, at the request of the papal nuncio Pacelli, Dandl intervened with the Foreign Minister in Berlin on behalf of the Jewish population in Jerusalem. On August 15, 1918, after the German offensive in the West had finally failed, the Bavarian Council of Ministers under Dandl asked the Reich leadership to seek a mutual agreement. In September Dandl demanded the replacement of his predecessor Georg von Hertling as Chancellor by Max von Baden , as Hertling, over whom the events increasingly passed, had left the Bavarian initiative to the horror of Crown Prince Rupprecht unanswered. However, contrary to Rupprecht's wishes, Dandl could not decide on an independent peace initiative with the involvement of the king.

On November 7th, Dandl advised the king to flee Munich temporarily after unrest broke out. With the proclamation of the Republic of Bavaria as a Free State by Kurt Eisner , Dandl was deposed on November 8, 1918. Ludwig III. Then on November 12th he called the former chairman of the Council of Ministers Dandl to visit him at Schloss Anif near Salzburg, whereupon Dandl visited the king there and asked him to resign. The result was the so-called Anifer Declaration by Ludwig. With this document Dandl returned to Munich on November 13, 1918. The government of Kurt Eisner published the document on the same day together with an interpretative explanation, according to which the government of "renunciation" of Ludwig III. Took note.

Official in the Free State

The monarchist officials in the judiciary and bureaucracy essentially retained their positions and acted on hold. As a result, Dandl also cooperated with the new republic. In 1919 he became president of the state tax office in Würzburg , and from 1929 to 1933 he headed the state tax office in Munich. He retired in September 1933.


In his hometown Straubing a street, the Otto-von-Dandl-Ring, is named after him.


  • Dorit-Maria Krenn: The last Prime Minister of the King: good will, but overwhelmed. The politician Otto von Dandl . In: Our Bavaria . 42nd year, no. 5 , 1993, p. 37-39 .
  • Dorit-Maria Krenn: Otto von Dandl. The last prime minister of the king . In: Annual report of the historical association for Straubing and the surrounding area . tape 94 , 1993, ISSN  0179-5805 , pp. 451-466 .

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Joachim Lilla: Minister of State, senior administrative officials and (NS) officials in Bavaria from 1918 to 1945 . In: Bayerische Landesbibliothek Online . November 26, 2014 ( online [accessed August 1, 2015]).
  2. Helmut Gembries: Administration and politics in the occupied Palatinate during the Weimar Republic. Kaiserslautern 1992, ISBN 3-927754-08-0 , p. 457.
  3. ^ Stefan March: Ludwig III .: Bavaria's last king. 2014, ISBN 978-3-7917-2603-8 .