A quasi parish ( Latin quasi-paroecia ) or Pfarrkuratie is in canon law of the Roman Catholic Church a particular community of believers "not because of special circumstances as a parish built is" ( Can. 516 §1 CIC ). The reason for the status may be that the association does not yet have a permanent existence; According to can. 515 §1 CIC to be established permanently.
More in German-speaking common names Pfarrvikarie , rectory , independent curacy , Kuratgemeinde , Rector parish and Lokalie . The church of a quasi-parish is also called the Rectorate Church , Curate Church or Vicariate Church, depending on the regional usage .
Permanent parish vicariates, curatios and rectorates have developed in Germany and elsewhere from the 19th century onwards under particular law, whereby the legal constitution may differ from diocese to diocese. The reasons were mostly property or state church law . With the establishment of quasi-parishes as a substitute form of the parish, the installation of a canonical pastor was avoided, for whose appointment and salary corresponding state church law contracts and church norms were binding. These substitute forms could also be canceled more easily, or the installed parish vicars, curators or rectors could be replaced more easily. The division of dioceses not only into parishes, but also into the substitute forms described has been preserved to this day.
The Codex Iuris Canonici 1917 recognized the parish vicarie in can. 1427 CIC / 17 as a substitute form of the parish, but did not regulate its legal form. According to the Codex Iuris Canonici 1983 , the substitute forms, now called quasi-parishes, are on an equal footing with parishes, unless the law provides otherwise. According to German state church law, the quasi- parish, like the parish, is a corporation under public law .
- Georg May : Parish Vicarie. In: Walter Kasper (Ed.): LThK 3 . Herder, Freiburg i. Br. U. a. 1999, ISBN 3-451-22008-3 .
- Winfried Aymans, Klaus Mörsdorf : Canon law . Volume 2. Schöningh, Paderborn 1997, ISBN 3-506-70482-6 .