|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Tübingen|
|Height :||625 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||35.11 km 2|
|Residents:||650 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||19 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||88631|
|Area code :||07466|
|License plate :||SIG|
|Community key :||08 4 37 005|
|Community structure:||5 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Raphael Osmakowski-Miller|
|Location of the municipality of Beuron in the district of Sigmaringen|
The Danube breakthrough at Beuron , with its river valley cut deep into the limestone, shows the geological history of the last 160 million years from the former Jurassic Sea, through the removal of limestones to the shift of the water from the Rhine to the Danube.
Flora and fauna
The Beuron community forest is relatively small at 248 hectares. The proportion of hardwood predominates at 83 percent, with beech accounting for the largest proportion . Other important tree species are: ash, maple, oak, hornbeam, elm, linden, wild cherry, silver fir, pine and larch. The communal forest essentially extends along the two slopes of the Danube valley; trees cannot be felled on around 30 to 40 percent of the area because the technical and financial effort is too high.
The entire forest is in the Upper Danube FFH area , the proportion of biotopes is four times higher than the national average. It is a habitat for deer and chamois.
|coat of arms||District||Residents||surface|
Hausen im Tal
As numerous finds prove, the area around Beuron was already settled in the Mesolithic . The early Mesolithic culture of Beuronia is named after the place. The most important find and excavation site is the nearby Jägerhaushöhle on the Fridinger district and the Probstfelshöhle near Beuron. With the old town rock, Beuron has another prehistoric site. Here was a late Celtic rein ring. From the Peterfels there are known finds from Urnfield period ceramics.
In the area near Beuron the Roman "Dracuina" on the Danube, recorded on the Geographike Hyphegesis , was suspected. In the rock cave near Beuron Monastery there was a sickle with the Roman numerals XIII , which was brought to the holdings of the Princely Museum Sigmaringen .
Beuron was first mentioned in 861 in the property register of the St. Gallen monastery as Purron .
According to the Andechs chronicle, the district of Hausen im Tal appears around 1020 as a knight's seat. The villages of Hausen im Tal and Neidingen belonged to the rulership of Hausen.
The district of Thiergarten was founded by Count Wilhelm von Zimmer .
The district of Langenbrunn belonged to the Werenwag rule .
As an Augustinian canon monastery, Beuron was an independent spiritual territory until mediatization , to which the neighboring community of Bärenthal also belonged at that time. Both came to the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1803 after the secularization of the Augustinian monastery and became Prussian with this in 1849 as part of the Hohenzollern Lands . From 1806 Beuron belonged to the Hohenzollern Upper Bailiwick of Beuron . During this time the village formed a Hohenzollern exclave . The Obervogteiamt Beuron became part of the Oberamt Wald in 1830 . The Oberamt Wald also existed from 1850 to 1862 under Prussian rule. Until the district reform in Baden-Württemberg in 1973 , the community then belonged to the Sigmaringen Oberamt , from which the Sigmaringen district emerged in 1925 .
It was not until 1863 that the monastery was filled with monastic life again when the Benedictines founded the archabbey there, which is now widely known.
The Fürstlich Hohenzollernsche Rentamt Beuron administered the Steighof domain south of the monastery . The Steighof was demolished in 1964 and its fields were all afforested with spruce cultures.
The current municipality was formed on January 1st 1974 by the union of the municipalities of Beuron and Hausen im Tal.
Thiergarten was added on January 1, 1977. This previously belonged to two different municipalities:
The Hohenzollern part to the left of the Danube was assigned to the municipality of Vilsingen on April 1, 1901 . On January 1st, 1975 this part came to the municipality of Inzigkofen together with Vilsingen .
The part of Baden to the right of the Danube was assigned to the community of Gutenstein in 1890 . Already on July 1, 1974, this part came to Sigmaringen together with Gutenstein .
After hearing the residents, both parts of the area were reclassified as the municipality of Beuron.
The administrative seat of the municipality of Beuron is in the district of Hausen im Tal.
The local elections on May 25, 2014 led to the following result with a turnout of 52.6% (2009: 60.7%):
|Party / list||2014 result||Seats||Result 2009|
|Citizen List 94||49.8%||4th||94.7%, 8 seats|
|New list 2004||50.2%||4th||5.3%, 0 seats|
On June 19, 2011, the police officer Raphael Osmakowski-Miller from Bad Saulgau was elected honorary mayor of Beuron in the first ballot with 56.49 percent of the votes cast, with a turnout of 74.39 percent. His inauguration took place on September 2, 2011, and took office on September 5, 2011. Osmakowski-Miller is the successor to Robert Rauser, who on June 29, 2003 with 80.21 percent of the votes cast and a voter turnout of 64.45 percent, had been elected in the first ballot to succeed Herbert Bucher. Bucher, who was initially the full-time mayor of Schwenningen (Heuberg) and who also looked after Beuron, left office here in 2003 for health reasons. After eight years as mayor, Robert Rauser, who had previously been mayor of Meßkirch for 24 years, stopped running and went into retirement. After a total of 44 years in the public service, Rauser received the gold pin of honor from the Baden-Württemberg municipal council. On July 7, 2019, Raphael Osmakowski-Miller was re-elected. The turnout was 45 percent, 92 percent of which went to the previous honorary mayor. Osmakowski-Miller was sworn in for the rest of the term on September 4, 2019. It was the first re-election of a mayor in 32 years in the upper Danube valley in the municipality of Beuron.
- 1979–1995: Fidel Matthias Fischer
- 1995-1998: Arndt Neff
- 1998–2000: Gerhard Huhn (first deputy mayor, took over the post temporarily for a year and a half)
- 2000–2003: Herbert Bucher
- 2003–2011: Robert Rauser
- since 2011: Raphael Osmakowski-Miller
coat of arms
The coat of arms of Beuron shows a shield divided by a wavy cut to the left, a silver ram's head with golden horns in the visor above in blue, the blue lowercase letter b in gold below, the shaft of which ends in a cross.
Culture and sights
Hausen im Tal and Beuron are on the Hohenzollernstrasse . The municipality is affiliated with the "Donaubergland" tourist association.
- Biblical Museum of the Beuron Archabbey
- The House of Nature Beuron is showing an exhibition on the geological development of the Upper Danube and pointing out the special features of the flora and fauna. In the small nature park shop you can find regional souvenirs, typical products of the region, as well as artistic and practical felt products. The focus of the work is in the area of environmental education.
Benedictine Archabbey of Beuron
Famous Beuron is through the Benedictine - Erzabtei Beuron which the center of the Beuronese congregation represents. The monastery was founded in 1077 as an Augustinian canon monastery. After its dissolution in the course of secularization in 1803, its area became the property of the Principality of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen . In 1863 the monastery was re-established as a Benedictine monastery and in 1868 elevated to the status of an abbey, from which the foundation of many other Benedictine monasteries proceeded. Some of the buildings were designed by Franz Beer (1694 to 1707) and some are new. The monastery has around 100,000 visitors annually. The baroque monastery complex has remarkable rooms and a large monastery library. In the late 19th century, Beuron was the center of the Beuron art school and the Beuron Theological College, which had been closed since 1967 but legally continued .
Churches and chapels
- The monastery church of St. Martin and St. Maria , built from 1732 to 1738, is a baroque sacred structure with magnificent side altars, ceiling paintings and stucco work. The main altar bears witness to the Beuron art school. The Chapel of Mercy, which was added at right angles and which contains the burial place of the archabbots in the lower chapel, was rebuilt around 1900 in the Beuron style.
- About three kilometers below the monastery, in a left bend in the Danube not far from the bank, is the Maurus chapel . It was created by Father Desiderius Lenz in 1868 as a pioneering work of the Beuron Art School and completed in 1871. The language of images and forms is based on ancient Egyptian temples. It houses stylized frescoes in strict order and varied ornamentation. The founding father of the Beuron art school first implemented his program for the renewal of Christian art in the Maurus Chapel and, above all, with its painting, which subsequently radiated into the entire Catholic world from Beuron.
- The St. Nikolaus chapel is located in the Hausen im Tal district . It was built around 1275 and is characterized by a Romanesque tower. The remaining part has been redesigned in Baroque style.
- The St. Agatha Chapel is located in the Neidingen district to the left of the Danube on a hill on a slope . It is the successor to a chapel that was destroyed by a downpour in 1838. The choir is separated by a round arch. The figures next to the altar are by Alberti and were created around 1730. The remaining figures come from the parish church of St. Nikolaus in Hausen.
- The St. Georg chapel in the Thiergarten district was built during the transition from Gothic to Renaissance . It is the smallest three-aisled basilica in Europe.
Palaces and castles
- Above Langenbrunn is Werenwag Castle, which can be dated back to the 11th century .
- Above the district of Hausen im Tal is the Hausen im Tal castle, which can be dated back to the 13th century (also Hausen ruins). In the Middle Ages, a family of ministers from whom the minstrel "Friedrich von Husen" came from sat at Schloss Hausen. The ruin with a reconstructable floor plan and barrel vault is freely accessible. It was named " Monument of the Month February 2008" by the Monument Foundation Baden-Württemberg .
- The Falkenstein ruins are located in the district of Thiergarten . Their traces go back to the 13th century. The current building stock, of which considerable parts of the masonry have been preserved, date from the 16th century. The ruin is freely accessible.
- The freely accessible ruin Lägelen (wagon castle) with the remains of a strong shield wall and lining wall was built around 1100.
- There are also the following castle ruins and remains in the Beuron area: Burg Auchtbühl , Burg Katharinafels (Open Hole), Burg Kreidenstein , Burg Langenfels , Burg Lengenfeld , Burg Neidingen (Fallfelshöhle), Neidinger Heidenschloss , Petershöhle , Burg Pfannenstiel , Weiler cave castle (Heidenloch) .
- The Beuron Danube wooden bridge is a 73 meter long covered wooden bridge and crosses the Danube near Beuron. It was put into operation in 1801 and served all traffic until 1975. After the construction of a new reinforced concrete bridge, around 100 meters down the Danube, it became unnecessary for car traffic, completely renovated in 1976 and returned to its original state. It was renovated in 2005 and is now only open to pedestrians and cyclists. On a map, which is an attachment to the "Expert opinion on evidence of the Abbey of Beuronian imperial directness" from September 15, 1787, you can see that a covered wooden bridge already existed in the 18th century.
- On the road from Beuron to Fridingen is one of the oldest military cemeteries in Germany. The cemetery was built in 1913 with a round temple that commemorates the Wars of Liberation of 1813.
- To the east of the Neidingen district is the Talmühle spring, a rich karst spring that feeds into the drinking water supply.
- Along the hiking trail from Beuron to Wildenstein Castle is the Buchbrunnen with its fresh water and the exhibition charcoal pile of the Swabian Alb Association , which embodies an important chapter in the social, economic and landscape history of the region. An inventory of these charcoal slab sites, where charcoal piles were operated, found 720 pieces in the princely Hohenzollern forests alone.
- The Bischofsfelsen ( ) is a lookout point that allows a view over the Danube Valley, the ruins of Schloss Hausen and Schloss Werenwag. A high path connects it with the Hohler Fels viewpoint ( ), on which there is a large white stone cross. From here there is a view of the Lengenfeld castle ruins and the valley.
- Benedictus Cave
- Button maker rock
"Am Steig", the Danube valley slope in the direction of Kreenheinstetten, is a ski slope with a lift and a small club house of the Hausen im Tal ski club, which was founded in February 1965. The downhill route was created in late autumn 1965 by hewing it out. In a hurricane in 1967, trees from the neighboring forest fell onto the track and severely affected the area. In 1970 the club was able to purchase a backpack lift for 1,000 marks . Today's ski hut was built later and was initially only designed to provide weather protection for the lift winch. The current ski lift dates from 1983. Only a few years ago the ski hut was expanded to include today's guest room. The ski club was not designed as an exclusive winter sports club from the start. The sports field in the quarry by the former school building was mainly created by the ski club. Today the club offers not only soccer, but also Nordic walking and volleyball.
Economy and Infrastructure
Beuron is on the Tuttlingen – Inzigkofen railway line and is a Regional Express stop. There are trains to Sigmaringen and Ulm as well as to Donaueschingen and Neustadt (Black Forest) every two hours . During the summer months, the Nature Park Express also runs , which, unlike the normal trains, stops at all the small train stations in the Danube Valley . In addition to the RE bus stop in Beuron, there is also a train station in the Hausen im Tal district. The trains to Ulm and Neustadt (Black Forest) also stop there every two hours on weekdays (except Saturday), on weekends only every second train stops there. There is a stop in Thiergarten, which is only served by the Nature Park Express trains in summer.
Beuron is connected to the Neckar-Alb-Danube transport association (NALDO). From the core town of Beuron, it is also possible to travel with the TUTicket transport network to the Tuttlingen district without needing a DB ticket.
The state road 277 leads past the center of Beuron through the entire Danube valley from Tuttlingen to Sigmaringen.
Danube Cycle Path
Local heating network
In the municipality of Beuron, a local heating network with a connection rate of over 70 percent is currently being built in the district of Hausen im Tal by the NRS (local heating region Sigmaringen). The NRS is a merger of the Solarcomplex AG in Singen am Hohentwiel and the municipal utilities of the city of Sigmaringen.
Fiber optic network
The municipality of Beuron will connect all buildings to a fiber optic network in the coming years. The aim of the community is to be the first 100 percent fiber optic cabled area community in Germany. This goal is to be achieved in 2021.
- The theological-scientific university, where the theological training of the monks of the Beuron monastery and other monasteries took place since 1866, has been vacant since 1967. The university continues to exist legally, but there will be no teaching for the time being. The monks study at theological faculties of other universities, primarily in Salzburg and Rome .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Anton Schlude (1808–1863), poet from the suburb of Hausen im Tal.
- Stefie Restle (1901–1978), member of the state parliament (SPD)
- Fritz Einwald (1907–1967), born in Thiergarten, politician, member of the state parliament
Personalities who have worked on site
- Maurus Wolter (civil: Rudolf Wolter; 1825–1890), founder of the Benedictine Abbey of Beuron
- Hermann Anton Bantle (1872–1930), artist
- Felix Knubben (1880–1934), organist and music teacher in Beuron
- Anselm Schott (1843–1896), Benedictine monk, worked from 1868 to 1875 in the Benedictine monastery of Beuron
- Edith Stein (religious name: Teresia Benedicta vom Kreuz ; 1891–1942), philosopher, women's rights activist and religious sister, lived in Beuron before her deportation by the National Socialists
- Franz von Werra (1914–1941), fighter pilot, spent his childhood in the Villa Donaueck (today Haus Maria Trost )
- Stephan Reimund Senge (* 1934), priest and writer, studied at the theological college in Beuron
- Walther Genzmer (Ed.): The art monuments of Hohenzollern . tape 2 : Sigmaringen district . W. Speemann, Stuttgart 1948.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Hermann-Peter Steinmülle (hps): “The proportion of biotopes is four times higher”. In: Südkurier of June 3, 2011
- Edwin Ernst Weber: The prehistory and early history in the district of Sigmaringen . ed. from the district of Sigmaringen, department culture and archive, and Kulturforum district Sigmaringen e. V. 2009
- Johann Nepomuk von Raiser: The Upper Danube District of the Kingdom of Bavaria under the Romans . P. 115, 1830
- Ludwig Lindenschmit: The antiquities of our pagan prehistory. Twelfth issue. Plate II . Roman-Germanic Central Museum, Mainz 1858
- StiASG , Urk. III 221. Online at e-chartae , accessed on June 12, 2020.
- Alfred Th. Heim: Life with spiritual and secular masters . In: Südkurier of August 27, 2005
- history with wit and humor . In: Schwäbische Zeitung of September 2, 2001
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 549 f .
- Hermann-Peter Steinmüller (hps): Head-to-head race does not take place. In: Südkurier of June 21, 2011
- Hermann-Peter Steinmüller (hps): This is Beuron's new mayor. In: Südkurier from June 20, 2011
- Change of boss in the Beuron town hall . In: Südkurier of September 4, 2011
- Hermann-Peter Steinmüller (hps): Robert Rauser is the new mayor In: Südkurier from June 30, 2003
- Robert Rauser does not want to run for office. In: Schwäbische Zeitung of November 26, 2011
- Ursula Mallkowsky (sky): Mayor of Beuron . In: Südkurier of December 29, 2011
- Ursula Mallkowsky (sky): future uncertain . In: Südkurier of March 14, 2003
- Retirement instead of dismissal . In: Südkurier of October 29, 2010
- routes . In: Swabian Alb! traveling there, of course, the nature place to go . ed. from the Swabian Alb Tourism Association. Bad Urach 2010; P. 10f.
- Of monks and knights . Pp. 20-22. In: Wanderbar ... the most beautiful routes. Experience the Sigmaringen district . Sigmaringen district office, Schönebeck printing company, Meßkirch 2004.
- Art treasures. Visitors explore St. Maurus Chapel . In: Schwäbische Zeitung from July 8, 2008
- hike. Maurus chapel is visited . In: Südkurier of July 9, 2008
- From rock to rock. Pp. 17-19. In: Wanderbar ... the most beautiful routes. Experience the Sigmaringen district. Sigmaringen district office, Schönebeck printing company, Meßkirch 2004.
- Friedrich Standfuss, Joachim Naumann: Bridges in Germany II for streets and ways. The second photo book of German bridge construction . Bundesanzeiger-Verlag, Cologne 2007. P. 46f. ISBN 978-3-935064-46-0
- To spread the word! Did you know that… . In: Südkurier of January 26, 2011
- To the view of the Alps with Walter Knittel . In: Südkurier of 23 August 2011
- Sandra Häusler (saw): View of the beautiful home . In: Südkurier of September 9, 2011
- Hermann-Peter Steinmüller (hps): Largest club needs a lot of snow . In: Beuron's fortune lies in its active and resourceful citizens . In: Südkurier series “At home on the Heuberg and in the Danube Valley”. In: Südkurier of November 30, 2011
- webmaster: EuroVelo 6: explore the European rivers by bike! - EuroVelo. Retrieved April 29, 2017 .