Principality of Leiningen

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Principality of Leiningen
Amorbach Monastery , residence of the princes of Leiningen since 1803
Waldleiningen Castle as a new building from 1828 in the British style was commissioned by Karl zu Leiningen .

The principality of Leiningen was a short-lived principality that emerged in 1803 in the course of secularization after the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and was created especially for a line of the aristocratic lineage . Most of it was in what is now Baden-Württemberg and a smaller part in what is now Bavaria .


The princes of the Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg line were compensated for their lost possessions on the left bank of the Rhine in the Palatinate with a new territory that was formed from parts of the former Electoral Mainz , Electoral Palatinate and Prince -Bishop's Würzburg . The residence was in Amorbach . The Leiningers received the Amorbach Monastery , the offices of (Tauber-) Bischofsheim , Seligental , Buchen and Miltenberg from the Electoral Mainz rulership, the Grünsfeld , Hardheim , Lauda , Rippberg and Gerlachsheim offices from the Würzburg rulership , and the Boxberg and Mosbach offices from the Electoral Palatinate . The new principality had an area of ​​1600 km² and 90,000 inhabitants.

The rule of the Leininger lasted only a few years; as early as 1806, most of the principality fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden , the remainder to the Kingdom of Bavaria and the Grand Duchy of Hesse . The princes retained their own district offices and courts as landlords until the revolution of 1848/49 ; In addition, they still had considerable private estates, which today essentially consist of forests.

The archival records of the principality and the subsequent hierarchy are now in the Princely Archives in Amorbach.

The residences of the princes of Leiningen were:

Prince of Leiningen

Heads of the House of Leiningen after the end of the monarchy


  • Laurenz Hannibal Fischer: The administrative situation of the Princely House of Leiningen , Amorbach 1828.
  • Eva Kell: The Principality of Leiningen. Experiences of upheaval in an aristocratic regime at the time of the French Revolution . Kaiserslautern 1993.
  • Sandra Schwab: The compensation of the House of Leiningen through the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 , student thesis. GRIN publishing house for academic texts, BoD . Norderstedt 2007.
  • Ingo Toussaint: The Counts of Leiningen: Studies on the lineage genealogy and territorial history up to the division of 1317/18 . J. Thorbecke Verlag, 1982.

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