Principality of Leiningen
The principality of Leiningen was a short-lived principality that emerged in 1803 in the course of secularization after the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss and was created especially for a line of the aristocratic lineage . Most of it was in what is now Baden-Württemberg and a smaller part in what is now Bavaria .
The princes of the Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hardenburg line were compensated for their lost possessions on the left bank of the Rhine in the Palatinate with a new territory that was formed from parts of the former Electoral Mainz , Electoral Palatinate and Prince -Bishop's Würzburg . The residence was in Amorbach . The Leiningers received the Amorbach Monastery , the offices of (Tauber-) Bischofsheim , Seligental , Buchen and Miltenberg from the Electoral Mainz rulership, the Grünsfeld , Hardheim , Lauda , Rippberg and Gerlachsheim offices from the Würzburg rulership , and the Boxberg and Mosbach offices from the Electoral Palatinate . The new principality had an area of 1600 km² and 90,000 inhabitants.
The rule of the Leininger lasted only a few years; as early as 1806, most of the principality fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden , the remainder to the Kingdom of Bavaria and the Grand Duchy of Hesse . The princes retained their own district offices and courts as landlords until the revolution of 1848/49 ; In addition, they still had considerable private estates, which today essentially consist of forests.
The residences of the princes of Leiningen were:
Prince of Leiningen
- Carl Friedrich Wilhelm , 1st Prince of Leiningen (1724–1807) ∞ Christiane Wilhelmine Countess of Solms-Rödelheim
- Emich Carl zu Leiningen , 2nd Prince of Leiningen (1763–1814) ∞ I. (1787) Henriette Countess Reuss zu Lobenstein-Ebersdorf , ∞ II. (1803) Princess Victoire of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
- Karl zu Leiningen , 3rd Prince of Leiningen (1804–1856) ∞ Countess Maria von Klebelsberg
- Ernst zu Leiningen , 4th Prince of Leiningen (1830–1904) ∞ Princess Marie of Baden
- Emich Eduard Carl zu Leiningen , 5th Prince of Leiningen (1866–1939) ∞ Feodora Princess of Hohenlohe-Langenburg
Heads of the House of Leiningen after the end of the monarchy
- Karl zu Leiningen (1898–1946) ∞ Maria Grand Duchess of Russia
- Emich Kyrill zu Leiningen (1926–1991) ∞ Eilika Duchess of Oldenburg
- Andreas zu Leiningen (* 1955) ∞ Princess Alexandra of Hanover , of Great Britain and Ireland, Duchess of Braunschweig and Lüneburg
- Laurenz Hannibal Fischer: The administrative situation of the Princely House of Leiningen , Amorbach 1828.
- Eva Kell: The Principality of Leiningen. Experiences of upheaval in an aristocratic regime at the time of the French Revolution . Kaiserslautern 1993.
- Sandra Schwab: The compensation of the House of Leiningen through the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 , student thesis. GRIN publishing house for academic texts, BoD . Norderstedt 2007.
- Ingo Toussaint: The Counts of Leiningen: Studies on the lineage genealogy and territorial history up to the division of 1317/18 . J. Thorbecke Verlag, 1982.