|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Stuttgart|
|County :||Hohenlohe district|
|Height :||240 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||41.3 km 2|
|Residents:||9123 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||221 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||74629|
|Primaries :||07941, 07946, 07949|
|License plate :||KÜN, EAR|
|Community key :||08 1 26 069|
|LOCODE :||DE PFL|
|Community structure:||6 districts|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Torsten Kunkel ( CDU )|
|Location of the municipality of Pfedelbach in the Hohenlohe district|
Pfedelbach is a municipality in the Hohenlohe district in the Franconian north-east of Baden-Württemberg , 2 km south of Öhringen . It belongs to the Heilbronn-Franken region and the outer metropolitan region of Stuttgart .
The community was first mentioned in the 11th century and has around 9100 inhabitants (as of 2016). The Upper Germanic-Raetian Limes , which has been on the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2005, runs through it .
Pfedelbach is located in the south of the Hohenlohe district , which was newly formed in the course of the district reform in 1973. The community is located in the transition area between the Hohenloher Ebene in the north, part of the Hohenloher-Haller Ebene natural area , and the Waldenburg Mountains and the Mainhardt Forest in the south, which belong to the Swabian-Franconian Forest Mountains natural area . The eponymous and most populous village is still in the foothills of the mountains, at a distance to the west and south of the course of the Ohrn , whose course bends from north to west near Öhringen -Cappel. The Pfedelbach , which gives it its name , runs through the village to the north and reaches the Ohrn as Schleifbach on the other side of the Öhringer district ; it emerges as the outlet of the Buchhorner See .
The community area stretches from the edge of the step as an initially very wide tube southeast into the mountains to Untersteinbach and extends in the northeast to the upper right slope edge of the Ohrn valley bay, sometimes over two kilometers wide, called "Steinbacher Tal", southwest over the top of the separating ridges of the two valleys up to the slope of the Brettach running parallel to the left of the Ohrn . From Untersteinbach from the tube narrows sharply and now follows the ear run further upward slope on the two edges up beyond Schuppach where the settlement ends the disclosive road leaves the valley and then the blades forest covered the valley floor.
The southern parts of Pfedelbach have been part of the Swabian-Franconian Forest Nature Park since 1979 .
Pfedelbach lies between shell limestone slab that extends from the Kocher valley to the edge of the Keuperbergland . At the southern end of the mark, the step edge of the Keuperwald Mountains rises, the upstream ridge of the Mainhardt Forest . A 5 to 20 meter thick layer of Letten charcoal is stored above the shell limestone , and above it is a layer of loess clay that is very thick in places , which gives off a very fertile soil. They form the basis for viticulture and fruit growing. The shady side of the Keuper slopes is not very suitable for arable farming and is mostly forested. To the south, the terrain rises steeply over a foot of gypsum keuper in the reed sandstone , which creates a terrace, and the colored marls up to the silica sandstone. This forms the top layer on the Frauenberg and the Charlottenberg. In the heights around Gleichen, the Stubensandstein forms the highest floor. Silting lakes on the plateau indicate that the subsoil is clayey. The gypsum keuper is poor in sources.( on the Ohrn at Tannhof just before Cappel) and ( at the Kanzleibückele in Schuppach), on the southern edge of a mighty
The district area, including all districts, is 41.3 km², which are composed as shown in the adjacent table.
Over 50 percent of the area is used for agriculture. In addition, forests have a significant share in land use. They cover about 33 percent of the municipal area.
Pfedelbach borders on the cities and communities Öhringen , Waldenburg , Michelfeld , Mainhardt and Bretzfeld . Michelfeld and Mainhardt belong to the Schwäbisch Hall district , the rest to the Hohenlohe district . Pfedelbach forms an agreed administrative community with the large district town of Öhringen and the municipality of Zweiflingen .
Hohenlohe is part of the warm temperate Central European climate zone with a predominantly maritime character. The topography, which changes on a small scale, especially between valley and altitude, causes the climate to vary greatly from place to place. The local climate in Pfedelbach mediates between the milder one of the Neckar basin , the somewhat rougher one of the Hohenlohe plain and the low mountain range climate that prevails in the Swabian-Franconian forest mountains . Pfedelbach has an average annual temperature of 8.7 ° C. The monthly averages for January and July are around one to two degrees lower on the Keuper Heights. These temperature differences are particularly evident in winter, when there is still snow on the heights, but it has long since thawed on the plain. The mean annual total precipitation in Pfedelbach is 734 mm, in the higher areas of the Keuperwald mountains it falls up to 1000 mm and sometimes even more.
Division of space
According to data from the State Statistical Office , as of 2014.
The former municipality of Harsberg includes the village of Harsberg, the hamlets of Altrenzen, Baierbach, Beingasse, Heuholz, Oberhöfen, Renzen and Unterhöfen and the farms Braunenberg, Eichhornshof, Gänsberg, Hasenberg, Herbenberg, Rohrmühle, Schmidsberg and Strohberg as well as the localities Beckinger Hof and Weihen .
The village of Oberohrn, the Lerchen and Stegmühle farms and the Tannhof house as well as the abandoned village of Sonnenberg belong to the former municipality of Oberohrn .
The Pfedelbach community within the borders of December 31, 1970 includes the village of Pfedelbach, the hamlets of Buchhorn, Griet, Heuberg, Hinterespig, Obergleichen, Unterleichen and Vorderespig and the homestead Charlottenberg as well as the abandoned localities of Bunzhof, Bergeheim, Buch in der Ohrn and Oberweiler.
The former community of Untersteinbach includes the village of Untersteinbach, the hamlets of Bühl, Floßholz, Heimaten, Mittelsteinbach, Ohnholz and Schuppach and the farms of Kohlhof and Simonsberg as well as the localities of Beytenmühle, Renkenmühle and Rottenland.
The village of Windischenbach, the hamlet of Stöckig and the courtyards Burghof, Klingenhof , Lindelberg and Weißlensberg and the Goldberghöfe house belong to the former municipality of Windischenbach .
With the exception of the eponymous central town of Pfedelbach, the municipality is divided into five localities in accordance with the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, each with its own local council and mayor , namely Harsberg, Heuberg / Buchhorn / Gleichen, Oberohrn, Untersteinbach and Windischenbach.
Heuberg / Buchhorn / Gleichen
The district of Windischenbach is located west of the main town and has been part of the municipality since July 1, 1971.
As of December 31, 2019
- around 150 AD construction of the “Younger Odenwald Line” of the Limes , a Roman fortification system.
- 1037 first documented mention as Pfadelbach in the Öhringer foundation letter
- In 1270 the lords of Phedelbach are mentioned
- 1371 Phfedlbach and since the 15th century Pfedelbach
- In 1419 Reitza von Pfedelbach, the last of the family, married Zeisolf von Adelsheim, with which the von Pfedelbach family died out.
- 1472 Götz von Adelsheim sold his property to Count Gottfried, Friedrich and Kraft von Hohenlohe. Pfedelbach comes into the possession of the Counts of Hohenlohe
- In 1565 Pfedelbach was given its own parish office
- 1572 construction of the castle
- 1663 Pfedelbach receives the right to hold two annual markets .
- 1710 The Protestant Pfedelbachers are granted freedom of belief, while the Hohenlohe Counts (from 1744 princes) become Catholics
- 1773 Execution of the robber band of the host Weiß
- 1806 Pfedelbach falls to the Kingdom of Württemberg
- 1855–1865 Pfedelbach is under state supervision
- 1958 Inauguration of the former town hall, which was rebuilt from 2005 and supplemented by a new building inaugurated in July 2006
- 2017 Inauguration of the Nobelgusch community and festival hall
The pre-Roman times
The town pastor Richard Kallee in Öhringen found ring walls and burial mounds that indicate settlement in pre-Roman times. Two bronze bracelets were found in Pfedelbach, and bronze rings from the Celtic period in Untersteinbach.
The roman time
Around 159 AD the Romans shifted their border from the Neckar-Odenwald-Limes ( Older Odenwald Line ) about 30 km to the east. The new Limes line , coming from Öhringen, ran between Pfedelbach and Oberohrn across Baierbach and past Gleichen to Mainhardt. The hinterland on the right bank of the Rhine and the Limes were abandoned at the latest in AD 259/60 ( Limesfall ).
Öhringer foundation letter
In Öhringer Foundation letter of 1037 is Phadelbach first mentioned.
The lordship equals with castle
In the course of the administrative reform of the Hohenstaufen, the rule Gleichen (formerly Glychen), to which the places Pfedelbach and Mainhardt also belonged, came into being. In 1027 King Konrad II gave the forest around Mainhardt to the Bishop of Würzburg. Mainhardt and Pfedelbach came as part of the Gleichen lordship at an unknown time as their own property to the Limpurg taverns . In 1274, Schenk Walther transferred the “Villa Meinhart” to King Rudolf von Habsburg, who gave this rule to a ministerial fief. The empire owned the rule Gleichen with castle and hamlet. King Rudolf I von Habsburg (1218–1291) gave Gleichen to his illegitimate son Albrecht von Schenkenberg , who founded the middle line of the Counts of Löwenstein (until 1464). At the beginning of the 14th century, the rule Gleichen with Mainhardt and Pfedelbach came into the possession of the Counts of Löwenstein. King Albrecht exchanged Mainhardt with the Counts of Löwenstein, who pledged it in 1380, together with Gleichen Castle, to von Weinsberg . In 1416 Hohenlohe released the pledge and claimed it in 1417 against claims by the Palatinate. In the period that followed, Pfedelbach was pledged several times to various noble families in order to eliminate the financial difficulties of the Count's Löwenstein family. Count Albrecht von Hohenlohe acquired the Gleichen estate through purchase (1416), which remained in the possession of the Princely House of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein until 1806.
In addition to the Pfedelbach office, the Mainhardt and Sindringen offices also belonged to Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach.
An independent line to Pfedelbach only existed under the grandchildren of the builder of the castle. Philipp Heinrich Count von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg und Gleichen (* June 3, 1591 - † 1644) continued the old line to Waldenburg from three grandsons, Georg Friedrich II. Count of Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst and Gleichen (* June 16, 1595 - † 20 September 1635) the line to Schillingsfürst, and Ludwig Eberhard Graf von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach and Gleichen (born January 19, 1590 - † November 1, 1650) became the founder of the line to Pfedelbach, which, however, already expired in 1728 and was transferred to the Line to Bartenstein fell
Count Eberhard von Hohenlohe -Waldenburg-Langenburg (* October 11, 1535 - † March 9, 1570), from his second marriage, married to Agatha v. Tübingen .
Count Georg Friedrich I von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Langenburg (April 30, 1562 - October 22, 1600), 1568 in Pfedelbach, Waldenburg, Schillingsfürst and Bartenstein, married to Dorothea Reuss v. Plauen (* October 28, 1570 - † December 2, 1631)
Count Ludwig Eberhard von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach and Gleichen (* January 19, 1590; † 1650), Pfedelbach line, 1615 in Pfedelbach, Lord of Langenburg and Cranichfeld, married to Countess Dorothea von Erbach (* July 13, 1593 - † October 8, 1643)
Count Friedrich Kraft von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach (* November 27, 1623 - † April 7, 1681), married on May 18, 1657 at Leonberg Castle to Floriane Ernestine Duchess of Württemberg-Weiltingen (* May 8, 1623 - † 5. December 1672), all children died as babies.
- Hiskias Graf von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach und Gleichen (* September 8, 1631 - † February 6, 1685) Lord of Langenburg and Cranichfeld, co-ruling since 1650, married to Dorothea Elisabetha von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg (* October 12, 1650 - † 29 November 1711)
- Johann Friedrich von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg (* July 3, 1670 - † August 2, 1679)
- Karl Kraft von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg (* January 2, 1673 - † April 14, 1678)
- Philipp Christian von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg (* December 20, 1673 - † April 3, 1677)
- Count Ludwig Gottfried von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach (* December 6, 1668 - † September 18, 1728) 1681 to Pfedelbach and 2/3 Waldenburg, married to Luise Charlotte von Hohenlohe-Langenburg (* April 25, 1667 - † August 25 1747), childless, Pfedelbach line expires and falls to the Bartenstein line.
- Count Friedrich Kraft von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach (* November 27, 1623 - † April 7, 1681), married on May 18, 1657 at Leonberg Castle to Floriane Ernestine Duchess of Württemberg-Weiltingen (* May 8, 1623 - † 5. December 1672), all children died as babies.
- Count Ludwig Eberhard von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Pfedelbach and Gleichen (* January 19, 1590; † 1650), Pfedelbach line, 1615 in Pfedelbach, Lord of Langenburg and Cranichfeld, married to Countess Dorothea von Erbach (* July 13, 1593 - † October 8, 1643)
- Count Georg Friedrich I von Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Langenburg (April 30, 1562 - October 22, 1600), 1568 in Pfedelbach, Waldenburg, Schillingsfürst and Bartenstein, married to Dorothea Reuss v. Plauen (* October 28, 1570 - † December 2, 1631)
After the purchase of Pfedelbach from Götz von Adelsheim in 1472, a division was agreed between Count Gottfried and Kraft in 1476. Count Gottfried von Hohenlohe received Schillingsfürst , Weikersheim , Forchtenberg , Sindringen , Neudeck, Beutingen, Baumerlenbach and some goods. His brother Kraft von Hohenlohe received Waldenburg , Adolzfurt, half of the city of Öhringen , Pfedelbach, Harsberg, Windischenbach, Lindelberg and the village and Burgstadel Gleichen.
When the Hohenlohe house was divided into the mainland between 1553 and 1555, Pfedelbach became part of the Waldenburg main line and came into the hands of Count Eberhard, who had the castle built and thus made it possible to develop into a residence. Due to the division of the country in 1615 within the Waldenburg line, Ludwig Eberhard became the first regent of the Waldenburg sideline Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach. With the death of Ludwig Gottfried von Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach in 1728, this line became extinct again, and Pfedelbach fell to the Hohenlohe-Bartenstein line. In the high choir of the collegiate church in Öhringen , a wall epitaph by Philipp Jakob and Georg Christoph Sommer commemorates Ludwig Gottfried, the last Count of Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach. An artificial crack runs across this tablet, symbolizing earthly transience.
Jenisch in Pfedelbach
After the Protestant line Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach died out, the Catholic lines Hohenlohe- Schillingsfürst and Hohenlohe- Bartenstein , who were inheriting, sought to increase the Catholic population by settling non-residents on the Heuberg. The new settlers, some of whom had not previously settled down, brought their special language, the Yenish, with them . This variety of the German language was still in use by some of the residents until the 1960s and 1970s . Recently, however, the language was hardly handed down, so there are only very few speakers today. In the cultural and school life in Pfedelbach, however, efforts are made to preserve this tradition. For example, the school newspaper of the Creutzfelderschule is called Der Galmenguffer (Jenisch for teachers). In the project Jenisch, the language of the jugglers, pupils of the Realschule Pfedelbach studied the Jenisch language in Pfedelbach and on the Heuberg.
In addition, the community and festival hall , which was inaugurated in 2017, bears the Yenish name Nobelgusch , which means something like 'noble house'.
From the 19th century to the present
As a result of the mediatization of the Principality of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, Pfedelbach fell to the Kingdom of Württemberg in 1806 and was initially assigned to the Neuenstein Oberamt, from 1807 to the Öhringen Oberamt , which was subordinated to the Jagstkreis in 1818 . The reform of the administrative structure in Württemberg during the Nazi era led to membership in the district of Öhringen in 1938 . After the Second World War , Pfedelbach belonged to the state of Württemberg-Baden in the American zone of occupation from 1945 to 1952 . With the establishment of the new federal state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952, Pfedelbach became part of the administrative district of North Württemberg, like the district of Öhringen . As a result of the district reform in Baden-Württemberg , Pfedelbach became part of the Hohenlohe district in 1973 .
In the Öhringer foundation letter of 1037, the donations from Pfedelbach to the new canon monastery Öhringen are listed. Pfedelbach was cared for by the Catholic canons. During the Reformation in 1555, the Canons' Monastery was abolished and its property was given to the Counts of Hohenlohe for church purposes. With this money, an evangelical pastor was first employed in Pfedelbach in 1567 . That is why Pfedelbach has been predominantly Protestant since the Reformation. After the death of the last Protestant Count Ludwig Gottfried von Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach in 1728, the Protestant Church received little support from the new Catholic rule. The salaries for pastors and teachers were no longer sufficient. In 1730, at the instigation of Count Ferdinand von Hohenlohe-Bartenstein, the village of Heuberg was created through clearing and settlement of foreign Catholics. The climax of the disputes between the religious communities was reached in 1744 in the Easter dispute . In 1744, Easter fell on March 29th for Evangelicals and April 5th for Catholics. The Catholic lords of Bartenstein and Schillingsfürst did not want to tolerate a separate Easter festival in their area. The churches were closed and guarded militarily on the Protestant Maundy Thursday and Good Friday under threat of severe punishment .
The Catholic parish of Pfedelbach has belonged to the Würzburg diocese since the Middle Ages . The Catholic parish that was newly established in 1732 was assigned to the Krautheim regional chapter . After Hohenlohe passed to Württemberg, the spiritual rights of Würzburg ended. Pfedelbach was assigned to the Neckarsulm chapter in 1808 . In 1890 the neo-Gothic parish church of St. Peter and Paul was built . With the influx of many Catholic expellees from 1945 onwards, the Catholic community grew strongly. Today the community belongs to the pastoral care unit Hohenlohe-Süd of the Deanery Hohenlohe in the diocese of Rottenburg-Stuttgart .
The Protestant church is divided into the parish of Pfedelbach ( Peter and Paul Church ) with Windischenbach, Heuberg, Buchhorn and Oberohrn as well as the parish of Untersteinbach with Gleichen, Harsberg and the Michelfelder suburb of Büchelberg in the Schwäbisch Hall district . The parishes belong to the church district Öhringen of the Evangelical Regional Church .
In addition to the two large churches in Pfedelbach, there is a congregation of the New Apostolic Church in Southern Germany and the Philadelphia congregation in Hohenlohe in the union of Pentecostal congregations .
- January 1, 1971 Oberohrn
- July 1, 1971 Windischenbach
- December 1, 1971 Harsberg
- January 1, 1972 Untersteinbach
- January 1, 1973 Schuppach and Heimaten, districts of the former municipality of Geißelhardt
The incorporation in Pfedelbach was unproblematic because the then mayor Erich Fritz was also mayor of the then still independent communities of Oberohrn, Windischenbach and Harsberg. The administration was largely carried out by the administrative staff in Pfedelbach and regular on-site presence meant that the statutory reform in Pfedelbach on January 1, 1975 had been carried out on a voluntary basis for a long time.
Population numbers (only main residences ) according to the respective area. The figures are estimates, census results or official updates from the respective statistical offices.
The population of Pfedelbach developed from 1824 to 1933 according to the census results given in the state handbooks as follows. By the middle of the 19th century, the sub-communities experience a significant increase in population. Only Pfedelbach himself could not keep up with this development. The political unrest of 1848/1849, bad harvests and the potato disease promoted emigration overseas and to other areas; the population decreased considerably as a result. It only grew again after the Second World War, after the fall of the Iron Curtain in Pfedelbach and, above all, in Windischenbach , after the fall of the Iron Curtain .
Local council and local councils
The municipal council of Pfedelbach has 22 seats and thus the maximum number possible in its population class according to the municipal code of Baden-Württemberg. The municipal council in Pfedelbach is elected according to the system of false suburbs . According to the main statute, the seats are distributed among the individual residential districts as follows:
|Residential district Pfedelbach||11||Seats|
|Residential district of Harsberg||2||Seats|
|Residential district of Heuberg / Buchhorn / Gleichen||2||Seats|
|Residential district Oberohrn||1||Seat|
|Untersteinbach residential district||3||Seats|
|Residential district Windischenbach||3||Seats|
In the municipal council election on June 13, 2004, the individual town hall parties won the following votes and seats:
|CDU / FW||46.7%||+5.7||10 seats||+1|
In 2004, for the first time since 1946, the SPD did not run for the municipal council election.
The municipal council election on June 7, 2009 resulted in the following shares of votes and seats:
|FWV||55.0%||+1.7||12 seats||± 0|
|CDU / FW||45.0%||−1.7||10 seats||± 0|
The municipal council election on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following votes and seats:
|FWV||56.2%||+1.2||13 seats||+ 1|
|CDU / FW||43.8%||−1.2||10 seats||± 0|
The CDU / FW has won a compensation mandate. This increases the number of municipal councils to 23.
In the municipal council election on May 26, 2019 , the individual groups won the following votes and seats:
|CDU / FW||32.7%||−11.1||7 seats||−3|
Another member and chairman of the municipal council is the mayor .
In each of the five villages, there is a voting in the local elections of the electorate to Ortschaftsrat . On its proposal, the council elects a volunteer for each village mayor . The local councils are to be heard on important matters affecting the locality. The mayor can take part in the council meetings in an advisory capacity.
badges and flags
The blazon of the Pfedelbach coat of arms reads: a curved red ibex horn in silver. The flag of the municipality is red and white.
The Pfedelbach coat of arms is the coat of arms of the Lords of Pfedelbach, the former local nobility, which the community adopted after a proposal by the Württemberg archives department on March 29, 1927 and which has been used in its official seals since 1930 at the latest . The flag, derived from the coat of arms, was awarded to the community on January 28, 1980 by the district office of the Hohenlohe district.
Economy and Infrastructure
|Social security contributors|
|by place of residence||3223|
|by place of work||1830|
|Marginally employed (€ 400 basis)|
|by place of residence||922|
|GeB only (place of residence)||595|
|GeB as a part-time job (place of residence)||327|
|by place of work||563|
|GeB only (place of work)||358|
|GeB as a part-time job (place of work)||205|
|of which ALG I||103|
|of which HARTZ 4 (ALG II)||75|
|Quota for women||46.63%|
|Quota of foreigners||6.18%|
Pfedelbach, located on the Württemberger Weinstrasse , is a wine-growing place whose vineyards belong to the large Lindelberg area in the Württemberg lowlands . 3223 employees subject to social security contributions live in Pfedelbach. In Pfedelbach itself, however, there are only 1830 jobs. 1021 people are employed in the manufacturing industry and 790 in the service sector (as of 2009). There are still 145 farms, of which only 63 are full-time business (as of 2007). At the end of 2011, unemployment was 4.03%.
Pfedelbach, Heuberg and Gleichen are connected by state road 1050, which leads from Öhringen to Mainhardt . The villages of Oberohrn, Harsberg and Untersteinbach are located on the L 1049, which runs from the Öhringer suburb of Cappel to Mainhardt-Neuwirtshaus. Windischenbach runs through the L 1035, which connects Öhringen with Adolzfurt . The industrial area has a connection to the federal motorway 6 via the Öhringen western bypass . Buses of the transport Hohenlohekreis (NVH) run between Pfedelbach and its part locations, and the train in Öhringen on which the rail holds. The German Limes Cycle Route runs through the community . It follows the Upper German-Raetian Limes over 818 km from Bad Hönningen on the Rhine to Regensburg on the Danube .
- Scheuerle Fahrzeugfabrik GmbH (heavy-duty transporter)
- Elbe Willi joint shafts GmbH & Co. KG
- Hosti International GmbH, Hohenlohe paper plate factory
- Wöhwa Waagenbau GmbH
- Bauer GmbH printing company
- The Weingärtnergenossenschaft Heuholz e. G. merged with the Hohenlohe eG winery in 2016
- Parfümerie Akzente GmbH, perfumery chain with 26 branches
The daily newspaper Hohenloher Zeitung and the official gazette Pfedelbacher Gemeindeblatt report on the events in Pfedelbach .
The Pfedelbach volunteer fire brigade is responsible for fire protection and technical assistance in the event of accidents in the municipality. There is also a local branch of the technical relief organization in Pfedelbach.
Kindergartens and day care centers
Pfedelbach is well catered for with kindergartens : In Pfedelbach itself there are 2 community kindergartens and a Catholic kindergarten. Since 2011, in addition to full-day care, child care has also been offered in the North-West Children's Nest. There is a kindergarten each in Heuberg, Untersteinbach and Windischenbach.
Pestalozzi School Pfedelbach, elementary, technical and secondary school
On September 11, 2000, the secondary school in Pfedelbach started operating. For the 2015/2016 school year, the Creutzfelder School and the Pfedelbach Realschule were merged to form a joint school. 612 students, 280 of them in elementary school , 85 in Werkrealschule and 306 in Realschule are in a total of 30 classes. They are taught by 51 teachers. For the 2007/2008 school year, what was then the Creutzfelder School set up a Montessori class for the first time . (As of November 2018)
Untersteinbach primary school
65 pupils attend the 4 classes of the primary school and are taught by 5 teachers. (As of December 2018)
Culture and sights
- Local history museum in the stables building
- Wine Museum in Mr. Keller with 64,664 liter Prince barrel by 1752. Prince Leopold of Hohenlohe-Bartenstein had built this barrel. The tithe wine to be delivered by the winegrowers was poured into the large barrel and given out as salary wine to the servants of the sovereign. The Fürstenfass was extensively restored in 1986. In the unique cellar atmosphere in the former storage cellar of the Hohenlohe winery, the museum shows the history and craft of viticulture.
- Local history museum in Untersteinbach in the former town hall.
- The base of the hexagonal limit guard tower ( ORL -number Wp 9/51 ) in same, about 155 n. Chr.
- Pfedelbach Castle , former moated castle , built from 1568 to 1572, acquired and renovated by the Pfedelbach community in 1962
- In 1604 the cellar was built, an elongated half-timbered building on Baierbacher Strasse. The mansion cellar under the building is 70 m long, 12 m wide and large enough to store several hundred thousand liters of wine. Today the Lange Bau , as the building is popularly known, is home to the wine museum. The attraction of the museum is the fourth largest wine barrel in southern Germany, called the Fürstenfass , it held 64,664 l. It was commissioned by Prince Joseph von Hohenlohe Bartenstein in 1752. The prince's barrel was last filled in 1828 with the tithe wine that the subjects had to deliver to their prince. The Hohenlohe winery was founded in 1950 in the historic Fürstenfass cellar by 14 winemakers at the time. The building itself was extensively renovated in 2007/2008.
- Gasthaus Sonne , former royal widow's residence. The year 1662 at the cellar entrance. Acquired in 1746 by Princess Anna Felicitas, the widow of Prince Ferdinand von Hohenlohe-Bartenstein. She had the house rebuilt and lived in it until her death in 1751. 1769 sold to Oberjäger Carl von Tettenborn, then several changes of ownership until 1990. Acquired in 1990 by the Pfedelbach community. Renovated from 1992 to 1995.
- Evangelical Peter and Paul Church , built from 1588 to 1589 by Countess Agathe von Hohenlohe-Pfedelbach in place of an old Gothic chapel. The images of the apostles and prophets on the gallery are probably works by the painter Creutzfelder. In 1730 the church tower had to be stabilized with iron brackets. In 1749 the church was renovated; the foundations had shifted. In 1890 the church was about to collapse and was closed by order of the building police. The church was torn down except for the tower and the choir. The new building designed by the architect Frey from Stuttgart was to be built for 105,000 marks. Two lotteries were launched for financing. To this end, an aid committee was set up in Öhringen. a. published a cry for help for Pfedelbach . In 1963 a new bell cage was installed and the heavy steel bells were replaced by lighter bronze bells. In 1992 the new organ was inaugurated. The crypt of Countess Christina Juliana, whose epitaph is on the north side of the choir, was found again in 1999 during the renovation of the heating system behind the altar.
- The construction of a chapel began in 1679 at the Protestant cemetery; when the foundation stone was laid, it was given the name Zum heiligen Grab , with reference to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem. The construction was completed in 1681 and was inaugurated with the participation of locals and foreigners. On the chapel sat a turret with a heavy bell, financed primarily from collections. The construction was obviously carried out in a very messy way. As early as 1751 it was so dilapidated that a collapse was to be feared, which is why the chapel was demolished. Collectors went on a trip to raise grants and donations for the new building. But it was not until 1759 that the foundation stone for the successor chapel could be laid.
- Catholic church Sankt Petrus und Paulus , built from 1888 according to plans of the architect Pohlhammer in the Windischenbacher Straße. The white sand-lime brick used comes from the Strohberg near Untersteinbach, the stone material on the north side from the Buchhorn quarries. The bell was cast by Petit & Gebr. Edelbrock in Gescher , it cost 4,000 marks. The total cost of the neo-Gothic building was 90,000 marks. On August 30, 1888, Auxiliary Bishop Dr. Wilhelm von Reiser visited the church with a lot of people. During the Second World War, the three choir windows were destroyed by artillery fire. Damage from the bombardment is still visible on the north side.
Former moated castle
→ Main article: Pfedelbach Castle
Because the climate there was milder than up there in his castle in Waldenburg, Count Eberhard von Waldenburg built the former moated castle in Pfedelbach, also a moated castle, as his winter residence from 1568 to 1572 , on the walls of a previous ministerial castle. The characteristic corner towers identify the complex as a building from the middle of the 16th century.
Like many other Hohenlohe residential castles , the building was built around a square courtyard, in the Renaissance style . In the inner courtyard of the castle one recognizes echoes of Tuscan castle buildings with arcades . In the inner courtyard of the eastern wing, there are two galleries one above the other. Elaborate tendril and flower paintings adorn the compartments of the castle. During the Hohenlohe cultural summer, events take place in the castle courtyard.
The magnificent palace chapel, which is occasionally used for weddings and concerts, was set up by Count Ferdinand von Hohenlohe-Bartenstein in 1732 on the site of the old bakery. From 1811 to 1888 the castle chapel served as a Catholic parish church.
An alliance coat of arms Hohenlohe- Tübingen hangs above the coat of arms portal on the entrance side of the castle . It goes back to the builder of the castle, married to Agathe, Countess of Tübingen. The couple's grave plaque is in the collegiate church in Öhringen .
For a long time, Pfedelbach Castle was the official seat and residence of the Hohenlohe family . The Pfedelbach community acquired the castle in 1962 and renovated it; in 2005 and 2006 it was completely renovated. The Bürgersaal is used today as a conference room and event room. In the Bürgersaal there is, among other paintings, a ceiling painting by Joachim Georg Creutzfelder and a copy of the Öhringer foundation letter from 1037. There are also numerous private apartments in the castle. The castle gives the Pfedelbach Castle Festival, which takes place every three years, its appropriate ambience.
Limes World Heritage Site
Pfedelbach is crossed by the Upper Germanic-Raetian Limes , built by the Romans from 50 AD , which was supposed to secure the newly conquered area between the Rhine and Danube by a border guarded and fortified by troops. A total of 20 guard posts (WP 9/37 to 9/56) on this border line were located on Pfedelbacher markings, of which No. 9/51 is the best known, the hexagonal tower at Gleichen on the edge of the Beckemer level ( ). The hexagonal shape of the tower was unusual, its wall was a full meter thick, and it must have been higher than the usual towers. It probably served as a previously established market point during the Limes construction. The tower was excavated in 1893. It is the only such tower on this Limes section. On a clear day, the view to the north extended far beyond the Hohenlohe plain to the Hönehaus fort about 45 km away. A large part of the plateau towards Mainhardt could also be overlooked to the south. You can reach its location on a hiking trail of around 1 km from the hiking car park in Unterleichen. From here the Limes once ran in a straight line towards the north-northwest, past Oberhöfen, through Baierbach, over the Hofäcker, Wacholder, over the Cappelrain to Öhringen , while here in the opposite direction, an exception in the entire course to Welzheim, through one Bow bypasses a steep gorge. Around the former tower, from which the base is visible, the moat and rampart are still clearly visible in the area of the Gleichener Forest. Digital terrain models , which were generated on the basis of data collected during Lidar measurement flights in 2009 , show two structures in the ground relief near Lake Gleichen , which could be small Roman forts based on the ground plan . The Upper-Rhaetian Limes is an archaeological monument and since 2005 a World Heritage Site of UNESCO . He is looked after by the Limes-Cicerones . In Pfedelbach, the Limes nature trail Mainhardter Wald runs along its route. The Limes Diorama can be viewed in the town hall during normal opening hours.
Gustav Sixt , scholar and archaeologist, in the palisade ditch near Gleichen
- The Limes educational path in the Mainhardter Wald begins in Gleichen
- The educational wine path in Harsberg
- The Philosophenweg in Harsberg
- The distillate trails in Windischenbach, Pfedelbach Baierbach and Oberohrn
The TSV Pfedelbach 1911 e. V. is the largest association in Pfedelbach with 1510 members. TSV Pfedelbach is divided into the football, handball / badminton, tennis, bowling, gymnastics / athletics and table tennis departments. Since 2008, the TSV Pfedelbach has an artificial turf playing field with the new sports field below the sports hall at An der Schanz . Wolfgang Walz , DFB referee since 1998, belongs to the club . The TSV Untersteinbach 1946 e. V. has approx. 730 members. In addition to football, tennis and gymnastics, there is a volleyball department. Sports facilities in Untersteinbach are available to TSV Untersteinbach. The Steinbacher Tal sports hall was inaugurated in 2010. The shooting club Pfedelbach 1960 e. V. operates a rifle house with shooting ranges in Öhringen from 1520 together with the Öhringen rifle guild.
- Indoor swimming pool
- Sports facilities with a sports field, running track and small playing field
- Tennis courts
- Outdoor swimming pools in Oberohrn and Untersteinbach
The Pfedelbach Music Association was founded in 1977 . The music association emerged from a department of TSV Pfedelbach. The practice room is located in the stables building. The Untersteinbach brass band has existed since 1926 and is housed in the Untersteinbach community center. The Concordia Pfedelbach choral society was founded in 1862 as a male choir. In 1962 it became a mixed choir. The Oberohrn mixed choir can practice in the former town hall. The Liederkranz Windischenbach 1854 eV finds accommodation in the former wine press. The Sing- und Liederkranz Untersteinbach was founded in 1857. Various choirs are affiliated to the various parishes.
- Castle Festival. Art, culture and culinary things around the Pfedelbach Castle. This largest Pfedelbach festival takes place every 3 years (2017, 2020 ).
- On the weekend before Ascension and on Ascension itself, Heuholz celebrates its annual wine festival.
- Pfedelbacher Bierdorf 2019 . Every 3 years alternating with the castle festival and a year of rest.
- Christmas Market. Every year on the weekend of the second Advent, the Pfedelbach Trade and Industry Association, together with the municipal administration, organize the Christmas market with Sunday shopping.
- Forest Christmas in Gleichen. Every third Advent the Allgemeine Bürgererverein Gleichen e. V. for Christmas in the woods. The children from equals perform a nativity play on the natural stage.
- Children's festival with parade in Untersteinbach. Every odd year.
- Leonhard Klenk, master butcher (1857–1933)
- Willy Scheuerle, manufacturer (1912–1985)
- Erich Fritz, Mayor (1919–1993)
Bearer of the citizen's medal
Since 1987, services to the well-being and reputation of the community can be recognized by awarding a citizen medal. It is awarded by a two-thirds majority in the local council, in gold or silver. The council of the municipality of Pfedelbach decided to change the guidelines in its meeting on May 6, 2014. Accordingly, there is only one uniform citizen medal.
Holders of the citizen's medal are:
- November 20, 2014 Wilfried Uhlmann, local councilor, mayor of the village of Oberohrn and tourist guide
- November 20, 2014 Achim Mischke, local council, 1st and 2nd deputy mayor, parliamentary group chairman
- November 20, 2014 Herbert Martin, City Council, 3rd or 1st deputy mayor, TSV Pfedelbach
- November 21, 2019 Manfred Metzger, local council, local council, mayor Untersteinbach, TSV Untersteinbach
- November 21, 2019 Jürgen Wieland, local council, parliamentary group chairman, chairman of the general citizens' association Gleichen, world champion trainer for the cycling club Hohenlohe Oehringen
- November 21, 2019 Hans Wolf, City Council, 2nd Deputy Mayor, TSV Pfedelbach, District Councilor, Driver Seniorenmobil, Ukraine Help, Citizen Energy Cooperative
- June 19, 1987 Heinz Bemmann (†), teacher, choir director, amateur play group
- March 2, 1996 Friedrich Schmierer (†), City Councilor and Mayor of Harsberg
- November 24, 2007 Karlheinz Fiedler, fire department commander and councilor
- January 31, 2013 Senator hc Otto Rettenmaier (†) owner of the Scheuerle vehicle factory and patron
- August 20, 2013 Josef Kruck, picture collector, local researcher, curator of the local history museum and editor of the "Heimatgeschichtliche Blätter"
- January 23, 1988 Louise Maurer (†), Singkranz and amateur playgroup Untersteinbach
- June 24, 1988 Otto Sanwald (†), long-time conductor of the mixed choir Oberohrn
- June 14, 1988 Elisabeth Müller (†), private social engagement in the community
- September 13, 1988 Emil Stickel (†), entrepreneur
- January 20, 1990 Hermann Kircher (†), MGV Oberhöfen and hiking club Heuholz
- January 30, 1990 José Carlos Beltran y Bachero (†), Catholic pastor
- July 7, 1990 Reinhold Gräter, Mayor Windischenbach
- June 4, 1991 Karl Götz, community worker, Oberohrn mixed choir
- September 1, 1991 Hilde and Sven Jacobsen, Protestant pastor couple
- November 9, 1991 Luise Wycisk (†), helper at the German Red Cross
- August 27, 1994 Wilhelm Kaiser (†), local councilor
- March 29, 1996 Wilhelm Meißner (†), mayor of Oberohrn
- May 28, 1996 Wolfgang Thiel (†), municipal treasurer and creator of the Pfedelbacher Lied
- December 14, 2002 Josef Bendeich, conductor Musikverein Pfedelbach
- July 24, 2004 Rudolf Heusler, chairman of the Pfedelbach shooting club
- July 28, 2009 Manfred Lieb, councilor, 3rd deputy mayor, founder of the DLRG in Pfedelbach
- July 28, 2009 Reinhold Böhringer, local council, local council and mayor of the village of Harsberg
Sons and daughters of the church
- Gottlieb Frank (1904–1998), farmer and winegrower as well as politician (CDU, MdL) from Unterhöfen
- Hans Hirzel (1924–2006) and Susanne Hirzel (1921–2012), members of the White Rose resistance group
- Claudia Wieland (* 1984), two-time world champion in artificial cycling in 2004 and 2005.
- Jens Weinmann (* 1985), two-time world champion in team bowling in 2006 and 2008, three-time vice world champion in bowling, male pair, men U23 individually and combined in 2008
- Barbara Juliane Penzel (Daphne), poet (* 1636 in Nuremberg, † 1673 in Pfedelbach)
- Joachim Georg Creutzfelder , painter (* 1622 probably in Nuremberg; † 1702)
- Walther-Gerd Fleck: Pfedelbach Castle 1572–1988. In: Württembergisch Franken. Volume 77, 1993, , pp. 7-122 (also special print).
- Landesarchiv Baden-Württemberg (Ed.): The Hohenlohekreis. (= Baden-Württemberg - the state in its districts ). 2 volumes. Thorbecke, Ostfildern 2006, ISBN 3-7995-1367-1 .
- Gerhard Taddey (Red.): Pfedelbach 1037–1987. From past and present (= research from Württembergisch Franconia. Volume 30). Published by the Pfedelbach community. Thorbecke et al. a., Sigmaringen u. a. 1987, ISBN 3-921429-30-7 .
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- According to his own statements on May 20, 2014, Torsten Kunkel joined the CDU and is running as a party member for the district council
- Natural areas of Baden-Württemberg . State Institute for the Environment, Measurements and Nature Conservation Baden-Württemberg, Stuttgart 2009.
- State Statistical Office, area since 1988 according to actual use for Pfedelbach.
- Landesarchivdirektion Baden-Württemberg (ed.): Das Land Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume 4: Administrative region of Stuttgart, regional associations of Franconia and East Württemberg. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1980, ISBN 3-17-005708-1 , pp. 237-241.
-  Annual report 2019 of the municipality of Pfedelbach, accessed on April 2, 2020.
- Hohenlohekreis: Pfedelbach: History. Online at www.hohenlohekreis.de, accessed on October 26, 2014.
- Opening Nobel Gush Pfedelbach. In: Heilbronn voice. March 26, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2019 .
- Mainhardt in the Middle Ages ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed January 23, 2010.
- Burgstall Gleichen (PDF; 311 kB) at burgen-web.de (accessed on April 6, 2010)
- Bernhard Peter: Gallery: Photos of beautiful old coats of arms. No. 1297. Pfedelbach (Hohenlohekreis). (accessed on October 7, 2012)
- Jenisch, the language of jugglers . Interview and songs in Jenisch
- Name announced for the new community hall - STIMME.de. In: Heilbronn voice. Retrieved April 14, 2016 .
- Heinz Bardua: The district and community arms in the Stuttgart administrative region (= district and community arms in Baden-Württemberg. Volume 1). Theiss, Stuttgart 1987, ISBN 3-8062-0801-8 , p. 114.
- Hartmut Müller: Fenugreek now and then . In: Hohenloher Zeitung . June 21, 2011 ( from Stimme.de [accessed June 21, 2011]).
- Pfedelbach Burghof
- http://www.statistik.baden-wuerttemberg.de/ Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg
- Website of the Hohenlohe winery ( Memento of the original from November 27, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. (accessed on October 17, 2009)
- To the Gleichener Limesturm ( Memento of the original from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Stephan Bender: Traces of small forts at Lake Gleichen? (PDF; 3.3 MB) In: The Limes. Volume 3, Issue 2, 2009, , pp. 10-11, accessed on January 23, 2010.
- Limes-Lehrpfad Mainhardter Wald ( Memento of the original from December 24, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link has been inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
-  (accessed on July 4, 2017)
- TSV Pfedelbach website (accessed on October 16, 2009)
- Website of TSV Untersteinbach (accessed on October 16, 2009)
- Website of SV Pfedelbach (accessed on October 16, 2009)
- Pfedelbach Castle Festival
- Judgment of the People's Court, 1st Senate, based on the main hearing on April 19, 1943.
- Results of the World Cup in Zadar