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Cheshire county
Flag of Cheshire.svg

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About this picture

Country United Kingdom
Part of the country England
region North West England

status Ceremonial county
First mention 980

Ceremonial county
surface 2,343 km² (25th of 48 )
Residents 1,031,960

! Districts /! Unitary Authorities
Location of the unitary authorities
  1. Cheshire West and Chester
  2. Cheshire East
  3. Warrington
  4. Halton

Cheshire [ ˈtʃɛʃər or ˈtʃɛʃɪər ], formerly the County of Chester , is a ceremonial and traditional county in north-west England . The capital is Chester . Cheshire borders the counties of Merseyside , Greater Manchester , Derbyshire , Staffordshire and Shropshire and the former Welsh county of Clwyd .

Some northern parts of the county are suburbs of Manchester or Liverpool ; many of those who work there commute from other parts of the county.

The gardens and parks in the region are part of the European Garden Heritage Network .


Friesian cows in Cheshire (Holstein cattle)
The Cheshire Cat in Carroll's Alice in Wonderland , 1866

In the 11th century Domesday Book , Cheshire is recorded as a much larger county than it is today. Their northern limit was the Ribble River .

In 1182 the land north of the River Mersey became part of the new county of Lancashire . More parts of Cheshire later came to Wales .

The 1974 reform gave some parts of the county bordering Lancashire to the new counties of Greater Manchester and Merseyside , particularly Stockport and the Birkenhead area . At the same time, Cheshire received Warrington and the surrounding district of Lancashire back.

Halton and Warrington became independent administrative units ( Unitary Authorities ) in 1998 , which are independent of Cheshire. As part of a further administrative reform, further extensive changes were made on April 1, 2009:

Famous Products

Cheshire in language and literature

  • The English expression "grin like a Cheshire cat" means "big grin"; the origin of the phrase, which has occasionally appeared in literature since the 18th century, is still unclear.

Cities and towns

See also

Web links

Commons : Cheshire  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Population of England and Wales on June 30, 2012 ( ZIP ; 832 kB)
  2. ^ The Phrase Finder