The geographic unit Landsdel ( Dan. , Pl. Landsdele , dt. Landes part ) takes place in Denmark in different areas of application. The 5 regions of Denmark are grouped together as electoral areas in 3 parts of the country, but for statistical purposes they are divided into 11 parts of the country according to the NUTS 3 level of Eurostat .
Electoral area in parliamentary elections
For parliamentary elections, Denmark is divided into constituencies, great districts and three parts of the country. In 2007 these parts of the country were reorganized. They serve as a basis u. a. for the distribution of parliamentary seats on party lists according to the respective votes and when considering candidates within these lists.
- Landsdel Hovedstaden is congruent with the Hovedstaden region (map on the right is bluish tones),
- Landsdel Sjælland-Syddanmark summarizes Region Sjælland and Region Syddanmark (map reddish on the right),
- Landsdel Midtjylland-Nordjylland consists of Region Midtjylland and Region Nordjylland (map green and yellow on the right).
Statistical unit of area
Eleven Landsdele have served as territorial units for official statistics since the 2007 local government reform . In the common classification of the European Union, they correspond to the NUTS level NUTS 3.
In contrast, LAU 2 ( Sogne ) and NUTS 3 (parts of the country) represent statistical units. A part of the country combines several municipalities within a region. This is the basis for the calculation of state subsidies for municipal expenditure in the context of unemployment insurance ( beskæftigelsestilskud ) , for example .
The following table gives an overview of the allocation of municipalities, parts of the country and regions:
In everyday parlance, Landsdele are the not always sharply delimited parts of the country with their own regional identity and history.
Against this background, for example, the regional symphony orchestras in Denmark are maintained as Landsdelsorkestre . In 2015 there were five: Copenhagen Phil (in Copenhagen ), Odense Symfoniorkester ( Odense ), Aalborg Symfoniorkester ( Aalborg ), Aarhus Symfoniorkester ( Aarhus ) and Sønderjyllands Symfoniorkester ( Sønderborg ). They have a common interest group; the funding is mainly provided by the Ministry of Culture and the municipalities in the respective sphere of activity.