|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Innsbruck country|
|License plate :||IL|
|Residents :||818 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||71 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||6069|
|Area code :||05223|
|Community code :||7 03 11|
|Address of the
|Mayoress :||Adelheid Profeta (Together for Gnadenwald - Team Heidi Profeta)|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of Gnadenwald in the Innsbruck-Land district|
Gnadenwald with the Karwendel in the background
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Gnadenwald is located on the northern Inntalterrasse below the Bettelwurf. The widely scattered municipal area extends over the church villages of St. Martin and St. Michael as well as other hamlets.
The community has a large proportion of commuters.
The community Gnadenwald also consists of the cadastral community of the same name . The following districts belong to Gnadenwald:
- St. Martin ( Rotte )
- St. Michael (Rotte)
- Brantach ( settlement )
- Ausserwald ( scattered houses )
- Gungglkopf (Scattered Houses)
- Innerwald (Scattered Houses)
- Mairbach (Scattered Houses)
Other locations in the community are the St. Martin monastery, the Speckbacherkapelle and the Walder Alm chapel. The only Alm in the municipality is the Walder Alm .
The oldest written mention of a settlement to the year 1071 back, as property in "Walde" ([grace] Forest) and "Ǒste" (Österberg) to the collegiate St. Gertrud in Augsburg ( Domstift Augsburg ) as endowment was transferred. In 1085 the place was called "mons supra Tervanes" (Latin for "mountain above Terfens"). In 1277 various Schwaighöfe in today's local area are mentioned in documents. As early as 1313, the place called "Gemain auf dem Wald" at that time is documented as a tax-independent municipality that was under the administration of the Thaur court .
A hermitage built in 1445 was expanded into a monastery in 1497 and subsequently inhabited by sisters from the Magdalenenkloster in Absam before it burned down in 1520. The monastery and church were only rebuilt 118 years later and have been used by hermits since then until 1820. The name "Gnadenwald" was first documented in 1719, but as a vulgar name . The municipality has only been officially called this since 1800. In addition to the Schwaighöfen, four powder mills and a quarry formed the economic basis of the community.
The last mayoral elections took place at the same time as the municipal council elections on February 28, 2016.
Profeta Adelheid was elected mayor. She was the only candidate and replaced Günter Strasser.
|Political party||percent||be right||Seats on the local council||Coupling|
|We Gnadenwalder - the counterweight||35.10%||172||4th|
|Together for Gnadenwald - Team Heidi Profeta||35.10%||164||4th|
|Community list Gnadenwald||31.43%||154||3|
Culture and sights
The parish church of St. Michael , which was first mentioned in a document in 1337, was probably built as a wooden church at the time of the missionary work in this area in the 11th century. In 1741 it was redesigned in Baroque style and lengthened in 1825, making it too long in relation to its width. The tower and the narrow church windows still show the Gothic roots of the church. The ceiling frescoes by Götzner painter Anton Kirchebner from 1730 are remarkable because of the depiction of the Gnadenwald landscape with the two churches and the folk costume of that time. The widum attached to the church was built in 1741 when Gnadenwald was made a curate . In 1908 a linden tree was planted in front of the church to mark the 60th anniversary of Emperor Franz Joseph's accession to the throne .
The charity church of St. Martin goes back to a chapel near a hunting lodge, which was built in the 11th century. From 1445 a hermitage was attached, which was later expanded into a monastery, but which burned down together with the church in 1520. The new building, completed in 1638, was redesigned in Baroque style between 1724 and 1732. The church tower was completely rebuilt in 1692 as the original was damaged in an earthquake in 1670 .
The Speckbacher Gedächtniskapelle stands today at the place of the birth house of Josef Speckbacher and reminds of the Tyrolean freedom fighter.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Josef Speckbacher (1767-1820), Tyrolean freedom fighter
- Walther Hörmann von Hörbach (1865–1946), canon lawyer, rector of the University of Chernivtsi and the University of Innsbruck
- From Gnadenwald. In: Innsbrucker Nachrichten , July 16, 1900, p. 1 (online at ANNO ).
- Gnadenwald community: Official website of the community in the Hall-Wattens region
- Tyrolean Way of St. James
- Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair : Tiroler Urkundenbuch, II. Department: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys. Volume 1: By the year 1140 . Universitätsverlag Wagner, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-7030-0469-8 , p. 216, no.243 (with explanations) .
- Gnadenwald , in the database history Tyrol of the association "fontes historiae - sources of history"
- Local council election 2016 - Gnadenwald community. In: Wahlen.tirol.gv.at. State of Tyrol, accessed on May 23, 2016 .
- Our churches and chapels. (No longer available online.) Pastoral care room Baumkirchen - Gnadenwald - Mils, archived from the original on December 8, 2015 ; accessed on November 28, 2015 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.