Matrei am Brenner
Matrei am Brenner
|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Innsbruck country|
|License plate :||IL|
|Residents :||932 (January 1, 2020)|
|Population density :||2589 inhabitants per km²|
|Postal code :||6143|
|Area code :||05273|
|Community code :||7 03 27|
|UN / LOCODE||AT MBR|
|Address of the
6143 Matrei am Brenner
|Mayor :||Paul Hauser|
Municipal Council : (2016)
|Location of Matrei am Brenner in the Innsbruck-Land district|
Brenner pass road in Matrei
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Matrei am Brenner , formerly German-Matrei (as opposed to Windisch-Matrei , often abbreviated to Matrei a. Br. ), Is a market town with 932 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2020) in the Innsbruck-Land district in Tyrol ( Austria ). The municipality is located in the judicial district of Innsbruck .
Matrei is located in the northern part of the Wipptal , about 17 km south of Innsbruck . Matrei with its closed town center with partly richly decorated townhouses and inns is the second smallest municipality in Austria (after Rattenberg ) in terms of area .
Finds from the late Bronze Age and the Hallstatt culture prove an early settlement in a geographically important place. The name is derived from the Roman road station Matreium , which is recorded in the Tabula Peutingeriana , and probably has an Illyrian origin. Numerous urn graves indicate a larger Illyrian settlement. In 955 the place was first mentioned in a document as "locus Matereia".
A parish was established in Matrei during the Carolingian era . This once extended over the entire middle and lower Wipptal. 1251 Matrei was raised to the market . In 1497 the Bishop of Brixen ceded the market to Tyrol , but the market court remained in existence until 1810 and was then incorporated into the Steinach regional court. Matrei belonged to the Counts and Princes of Trautson for a long time . The brisk movement of people and goods over the Brenner Pass made Matrei an important stop in haulage. With the opening of the Brenner Railway in 1867 it almost completely stopped .
Towards the end of the Second World War , Matrei was bombed on March 22, 1945, 48 people were killed. The destroyed rows of houses were rebuilt after the war in the local style.
A community merger with Mühlbachl and Pfons was rejected in a referendum in 1974.
The last mayoral elections took place at the same time as the municipal council elections on March 14, 2010.
Paul Hauser was elected mayor and Lisa Jenewein was elected vice mayor.
|Political party||percent||be right||Seats on the local council||Coupling|
|List for workers, employees and business people||43.43%||248||5||A.|
|Active for Matrei||19.96%||114||2||B.|
|Our Matrei-our future||20.49%||117||2||B.|
Culture and sights
- The Matreier parish church or pilgrimage church of our Lord in misery and the cemetery church of St. Johannes stand on the other side of the Sill in the old town on Pfoner municipality area.
- Hospital Church of the Holy Spirit
- The castle ruin Matrei stands on a chain of hills that block the Wipptal in Mühlbachl
- Trautson Castle
In terms of tourism, the municipality of Matrei belongs to the Wipptal tourist office and its side valleys. The nature reserve "Serles - Blaser - Zuckerhütl" and the Maria Waldrast monastery , which is already in the municipality of Mühlbachl, are particularly characteristic of the area . The Serles, often referred to as the "high altar of Tyrol", is one of the most famous and distinctive mountain peaks around Innsbruck due to its shape. At the foot of the Serles is the highest monastery in Central Europe: Maria Waldrast.
The adventure world around the monastery includes an extensive network of trails for hikers with the themed trails Quellenweg and Schöpfungsweg. There is also the Ochsenalm and the Maria Waldrast monastery inn with a large sun terrace.
Since 2001, the "Tyrolean Operetta Advent" has been taking place in Matrei every year at the beginning of December. In addition to a traditional Christmas market with music groups, shepherd's play and regional producers in the center of Matrei (also directly in the craft businesses / inns), there is also a musical performance in the Pfons community hall. Otherwise there are beautiful winter hiking trails and a 5 km long floodlit natural toboggan run near Maria Waldrast.
Economy and Infrastructure
In terms of traffic, the place is opened up by the Brenner federal highway, the Brenner motorway and a station on the Brenner railway. From Matrei there is a connection to Innsbruck and the Brenner Pass with the S-Bahn Tirol (line S3 and line S4). From the train station in Matrei you can then take the bus to the Navistal .
Sons and daughters of the church
- Otto Jäger († 1385), Abbot of Ebrach Monastery (1349-1385)
- Josef Eisensteck (1779–1827), Tyrolean freedom fighter and kk major
- Joseph Stolz (1811–1877), surgeon and psychiatrist in Hall in Tirol
- Michael Stolz (1820–1890), sculptor and draftsman
- Hans Buchgschwenter (1898–1985), sculptor and painter
- Sepp Tanzer (1907–1983), composer and long-time bandmaster of the Wilten Town Music Band (Innsbruck)
- Max Bair (1917–2000), interbrigadist, later state secretary of the Communist Party of Austria in Tyrol
- Marianne Stöger (* 1934), leprosy nurse in South Korea
- Andreas Hörtnagl (* 1942), Mayor of Gries am Brenner
- Günther Mader (* 1964), Austrian ski racer
- Alfred Hörtnagl (* 1966), Austrian football player
- The municipality on the side of Tyrol
- Matrei am Brenner , in the history database ofthe association "fontes historiae - sources of history"
- 70327 - Matrei am Brenner. Community data, Statistics Austria .