Pradl ( district )
cadastral municipality Pradl
|Pole. District , state||Innsbruck city (I), Tyrol|
|Pole. local community||innsbruck|
|Residents of the village||32,814 (January 1, 2020)|
|Area d. KG||3.8 km²|
|Post Code||6020 Innsbruck|
|prefix||+ 43/0512 (Innsbruck)|
|Cadastral parish number||81125|
|Counting district / district||Pradl-Nord, Pradl-Mitte-West, Pradl-Mitte-Ost, Pradl-Süd, Pradl-Ost, Reichenau-West, Reichenau-Ost (70101 X [20,21,22,23,24,25,26])|
|Source: STAT : index of places ; BEV : GEONAM ; TIRIS|
Pradl Statistical district
|Pole. District , state||Innsbruck city (I), Tyrol|
|Pole. local community||Innsbruck ( KG Pradl)|
|Residents of the stat. An H.||19,988 (2014)|
|Building status||1652 (2014)|
|Statistical district||7 Pradl|
|Counting district / district||Pradl-Nord, Pradl-Mitte-West, Pradl-Mitte-Ost, Pradl-Süd, Pradl-Ost (70101 X [20,21,22,23,24])|
|Plan of Pradl|
|Source: STAT : index of places ; BEV : GEONAM ; TIRIS ; City of Innsbruck: Statistics - Numbers|
Pradl is a cadastral municipality , a fraction ( locality ) and a statistical district of Innsbruck . Pradl and Reichenau belonged to Amras until it was incorporated into Innsbruck separately from Amras in 1904 (Amras remained independent until 1938).
Location and structure
The cadastral municipality of Pradl is located east of the city center , from which it is separated by the Sill . In the north it separates the Inn from the cadastral community Mühlau, in the west and south it borders on the cadastral community Amras , in the south on the community Lans and the cadastral communities Vill and Wilten . The cadastral community covers an area of 3.8 km².
The cadastral community and parliamentary group are divided into the statistical districts of Pradl and Reichenau . The statistical district Pradl comprises the statistical districts ( counting districts ) Pradl-Nord (34.0 ha, 2973 inhabitants, 305 buildings, as of April 2014), Pradl-Mitte-West (33.9 ha, 4914 inhabitants, 358 buildings), Pradl -Mitte-Ost (34.7 ha, 3303 inhabitants, 362 buildings), Pradl-Süd (121.7 ha, 3214 inhabitants, 168 buildings) and Pradl-Ost (54.2 ha, 5584 inhabitants, 459 buildings). With 19,988 inhabitants, Pradl is the most populous statistical district of Innsbruck. 11.5% of the population are younger than 15 years, 20.2% older than 65. The proportion of foreigners is 17.7%.
The name is probably derived from the Latin word pratellum , which means 'little meadow', from which Predele, Predel, Pradel and finally Pradl became. Pradl was mentioned for the first time as " in Predele " before Innsbruck was founded, namely 1173 - 1182 in an exchange document from Count Berchtold III. von Andechs and the Dießen monastery in Upper Bavaria . The Roman or Alpine Romanesque origin of the name indicates that the area on the right bank of the Sill was cultivated from Amras from around 600 years before the Bavarian settlement.
The Pradler Sillbrücke was first mentioned in 1526, but it probably already existed in the Middle Ages. The bridge connected Innsbruck's Kohlstatt (today's Dreiheiligen district ) with Pradl. In its extension, under Ferdinand II, today's Pradler and Amraser Straße was laid out as a connection with Ambras Castle . Around 20 courtyards were grouped around the Sillbrücke. This old village center is still preserved at the confluence of Egerdachstrasse and Pradler Strasse. The Imperial and Royal Pradl military cemetery was established in the Pradler fields in 1831 .
Pradl grew rapidly in the 19th century, not least due to its proximity to the Innsbruck train station, which opened in 1858 . Industrial companies such as the Herrburger and Rhomberg cotton spinning mill, the gas works, or the Epp soap factory settled there and entire streets with apartment buildings were built. In 1904 the Pradl faction was separated from Amras and incorporated into Innsbruck together with Wilten . Pradl has been connected to the tram network since 1911 .
In the inter-war period, several urban housing complexes were built, including 1926–1927 the Pembaurblock based on plans by Theodor Prachensky , which is considered to be the main work of social housing in Tyrol. Between 1939 and 1943, the South Tyrolean settlement was built with large residential complexes such as the Eichhof, the Ahornhof or the Lindenhof. More than 8000 South Tyrolean resettlers of the option found an apartment here. From 1952 a new residential area grew in the Reichenau area, which has developed into an independent district.
Ecclesiastically, Pradl belonged to the mother parish Ampass . A first church goes back to a copy of the miraculous image of Mariahilf by Lukas Cranach in Innsbruck Cathedral , which was initially privately owned and later placed in a small chapel. In 1677 the abbot Dominikus Löhr from Wilten laid the foundation stone for a church to which the image of grace was transferred that same year. In 1703 Pradl received its own pastor, in 1891 it was raised to an independent parish. Today's Pradler parish church was built in 1905–1908 according to plans by Josef Schmitz in the neo-Romanesque style, but was not consecrated until 1939 by the apostolic administrator Paulus Rusch . The old parish church was demolished in 1941. Due to the steady population growth, the parish was divided several times in the 20th century, the daughter parishes of Neu-Pradl with the Guardian Angel Church , St. Paulus in Reichenau and St. Norbert in the south of Pradl emerged.
coat of arms
Since only municipalities are authorized to do so in Tyrol, Pradl does not have an official coat of arms. As for the other Innsbruck districts, an unofficial district coat of arms was designed, which was adopted in 1993 by representatives of the Pradel associations. The coat of arms shows a representation of the Roman milestone on the Wiesengasse in a silver field on the right and three horizontal silver bars in a green field on the left.
The milestone is a special feature beyond Innsbruck, as there are only two other such milestones in their original location in all of North Tyrol. The green and silver bars symbolize the name Pradl as a “small meadow” and are reminiscent of the original subdivision of the large meadows and arable land, which is still visible today in the road network, and which consisted of seven “thrusts” running parallel in an east-west direction.
Culture and sights
Infrastructure and traffic
In keeping with its size, Pradl has several kindergartens, elementary and secondary schools, including the THS Pembaurstrasse . In addition to the infrastructure for the district, Pradl also has numerous facilities for the city as a whole, such as the Amraser Straße indoor swimming pool, the Tivoli sports complex with the football stadium , the Olympic Hall and the Tivoli outdoor swimming pool, the Ostfriedhof or the Rapoldipark .
The tram lines 2, 3 and 5 cross the district, and it is also served by the IVB bus lines C, F, J, R and T, among others . There are also night bus routes , called Nightliner in Innsbruck , which serve Pradl.
- Pradl , in the history database ofthe association "fontes historiae - sources of history"
- Pradl , Standschützenkompagnie Pradl
- Pradl in the Literatur-Land-Karte Tirol / Südtirol
Notes and individual references
- City of Innsbruck: cadastral communities of Innsbruck (PDF; 1.3 MB)
- City of Innsbruck: area, inhabitants and number of buildings of the individual census districts and statistical districts of the city of Innsbruck (as of April 2014) (PDF; 143 kB)
- City of Innsbruck: District mirror 2014 (PDF; 410 kB)
- The document of the Bavarian Main State Archives is printed in full and explained by Martin Bitschnau - Hannes Obermair (edit.): Tiroler Urkundenbuch , II. Dept .: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys , vol. 2: 1140–1200 . Innsbruck: Wagner 2012, ISBN 978-3-7030-0485-8 , pp. 218f No. 674.
- Franz-Heinz Hye : The district coat of arms of Pradl. In: Innsbrucker Stadtnachrichten, July 1993, p. 23 ( digitized version )
- Franz-Heinz Hye: On the history of the Pradler Sillbrücke. In: Innsbrucker Stadtnachrichten, No. 12/1988, p. 32 ( digitized version )
- Herbert Woditschka: Beginnings of urban housing. In: Innsbrucker Stadtnachrichten, No. 11/1991, p. 32 ( digitized version )
- cultural area Tyrol: "Pembaurblock" - Residential Building of the City of Innsbruck (1926)
- Parish Pradl: History of the parish and the parish church