Safety data sheet
Safety Data Sheets ( MSDS ) or Safety Data Sheets ( SDS ), and material safety data sheets ( MSDS called), are intended to give safety information on substances and mixtures. They are intended to provide the professional user with the necessary data and recommendations for handling substances and mixtures in order to be able to take the measures required for health protection, safety at the workplace and the protection of the environment.
The structure and content of the safety data sheet was first described in DIN 52900: 1983-02 DIN safety data sheet for chemical substances and preparations; Form and instructions for completing are provided.
At the European level, the content of the safety data sheet was changed from 1991 to May 31, 2007 by Directive 91/155 / EEC in conjunction with national laws (in Germany, for example, in the Hazardous Substances Ordinance and the associated Technical Rule for Hazardous Substances (TRGS) 220 "Safety Data Sheet") regulated.
Since June 1, 2007, the creation, dissemination and storage of safety data sheets for all EU member states has been anchored in the REACH regulation under Title IV - Information in the supply chain . The content of the safety data sheet is regulated in detail in Annex II of the REACH Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006. Annex II was last amended by Regulation (EU) 2015/830.
National requirements, which should be taken into account when creating safety data sheets, are described in Technical Rules for Hazardous Substances (TRGS) 220 "National aspects when creating safety data sheets".
In countries of the European Union as well as in many other countries, such data sheets must be made available by the supplier, importer and manufacturer of dangerous classified substances , of dangerous classified preparations or mixtures , and of preparations / mixtures that contain dangerous classified substances above certain concentration limits become. Safety data sheets are often created on a voluntary basis for chemical substances, mixtures and products classified as non- hazardous in order to inform the customer of the products about certain properties.
As part of the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals ( GHS ) program, there is an international guideline for the creation of safety data sheets.
In general, the safety data sheets serve to pass on information within the supply chain according to REACH . The private end consumer is not part of this chain. This means that only industrial and commercial users are entitled to the safety data sheet. The safety data sheet must be made available free of charge in the official language of the country at the latest when it is first delivered.
Due to the new version of Annex II of the REACH regulation by Regulation (EU) 2015/830, existing safety data sheets for substances and mixtures had to be updated by May 31, 2017. The REACH regulation as such does not contain any fixed times for continuous testing and updating by the supplier. However, it requests an immediate update as soon as possible
- new information that may have an impact on the risk management measures, or new information about hazards becomes available,
- approval has been granted or refused, or
- a restriction was imposed.
The new version of the safety data sheet must be sent to all customers to whom the supplier has delivered the chemical in the previous twelve months.
Safety data sheets must be retained by every actor in the supply chain for ten years since they were last used.
Structure and content
The information should be written concisely. The language should be simple, clear and precise. The use of technical language, abbreviations or acronyms should be avoided.
The date of creation or revision must be indicated on the first page. If necessary, this should be supplemented by a version number. All pages of the safety data sheet must be numbered consecutively.
The safety data sheet must contain the following 16 sections as well as the subsections listed below, with the exception of section 3, where subsection 3.1 or 3.2 must be included depending on the case.
- SECTION 1: Identification of the substance or mixture and of the company
- 1.1. Product identifier
- 1.2. Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against
- 1.3. Details of the supplier providing the safety data sheet
- 1.4. Emergency number
- SECTION 2: Hazards Identification
- 2.1. Classification of the substance or mixture
- 2.2. Label elements
- 2.3. Other dangers
- SECTION 3: Composition / information on ingredients
- 3.1. Fabrics
- 3.2. Mixtures
- SECTION 4: First aid measures
- 4.1. Description of the first aid measures
- 4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
- 4.3. Indication of immediate medical attention or special treatment
- SECTION 5: Fire fighting measures
- 5.1. Extinguishing agent
- 5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
- 5.3. Advice for firefighters
- SECTION 6: Accidental release measures
- 6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
- 6.2. Environmental protection measures
- 6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
- 6.4. Reference to other sections
- SECTION 7: Handling and storage
- 7.1. Precautions for safe handling
- 7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
- 7.3. Specific end uses
- SECTION 8: Exposure controls / personal protection
- 8.1. Control parameters
- 8.2. Limitation and monitoring of exposure
- SECTION 9: Physical and chemical properties
- 9.1. Information on basic physical and chemical properties
- 9.2. Other Information
- SECTION 10: Stability and reactivity
- 10.1. Reactivity
- 10.2. Chemical stability
- 10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions
- 10.4. Conditions to Avoid
- 10.5. Incompatible materials
- 10.6. Hazardous decomposition products
- SECTION 11: Toxicological information
- 11.1. Information on toxicological effects
- SECTION 12: Ecological information
- SECTION 13: Disposal considerations
- 13.1. Waste treatment methods
- SECTION 14: Transport information
- SECTION 15: Regulatory Information
- 15.1. Safety, health and environmental regulations / legislation specific for the substance or mixture
- 15.2. Chemical safety assessment
SECTION 16: Other information
If hazardous substances are used in companies, operating instructions may have to be drawn up and made available to employees at any time.
Group safety data sheet
Not for individual substances, but for their mixtures, it can make sense to group different mixtures with similar or the same hazard potential and to create a common safety data sheet for this group . This has the advantage that fewer safety data sheets have to be created or updated. The paint industry offers a specific example, where a paint base material is used in similar concentrations in addition to color pigment and various hazardous substance components. A single safety data sheet is sufficient here, for example.
Extended safety data sheet
The extended safety data sheet (eSDS) consists of the safety data sheet and an appendix with one or more exposure scenarios that the Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 REACH prescribes for all substances that
- are produced or imported in quantities of more than 10 tons / year and
- persistently bioaccumulative and toxic (PBT) and / or
- very persistent and very bioaccumulative (vPvB) and / or
- are dangerous according to Regulation (EC) No. 1272/2008. The following hazard classes are excluded:
- Oxidising liquids and solids of cat. 3
- Substances corrosive to metals
- Self-reactive substances type C + D and E + F
- Organic peroxides type G
- Self-heating substances
- Effects on / via lactation
- Substances with narcotic effects
- Gases under pressure
These exposure scenarios must be handed over to the downstream users together with the safety data sheet.
There is no standard format for an eSDS, but ECHA's guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment includes a format that can be used. The use of this format is not mandatory, but it makes sense to use a uniform eSDS because of the communication along the supply chain . Efforts are being made to exchange the contents of the SDS and, above all, the eSDS via electronic interfaces and standardized formats (e.g. XML ).
The obligations of the "actors" along the supply chain
It is mandatory to pass on the eSDS for the respective hazardous substance along the supply chain . The manufacturer / importer is obliged to create the eSDS. A supplier has to pass it on to his customers.
- Gabriele Janssen : The safety data sheet according to REACH and TRGS 220. What creators and users need to know. 8th edition. ecomed Sicherheit, Landsberg 2019, ISBN 978-3-609-65667-0 .
- Reinhold Rühl, Georg Hamm: Safety Data Sheets - Instructions for Safe Use? In: UWSF - Journal for Environmental Chemistry and Ecotoxicology. 18, 3, , pp. 201-206.
- Juergen Fluck, Markus Wintterle: Legal issues of the safety data sheet . Lexxion, Berlin 2006, ISBN 3-936232-66-0 ( Berliner Stoffrechtliche Schriften 4).
- Gabriele Janssen : Last minute: Why the regulations for the safety changed again , In: Hazardous Substances Actual , 6 (2015), p. 4–5
- Registration office for chemicals: The safety data sheet in Switzerland based on the complete revision of the ChemV valid from December 1, 2015 , 2017.
- ECHA: Guideline for the preparation of safety data sheets
- BAuA : Information on safety data sheets
- Online tools for hazardous substance management - database access with safety data sheets to download, guidelines, checklists, etc. v. a. m. Safety data sheets
- Safety data sheet database of Land24 GmbH, Telgte, with approx. 20,000 safety data sheets
- Safety data sheets - a help for the employer
- TRGS 220 , version May 2, 2018 (pdf)
- GHS ANNEX 4, Guidance on the preparation of safety data sheets (PDF; 177 kB)
- Announcement on Hazardous Substances (BekGS) 220 "Safety data sheet" (repealed)
- Regulation (EU) 2015/830 ( PDF ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. )
- Article 36 REACH
- ECHA: Guidelines on information requirements and chemical safety assessment
- EDAS Electronic data exchange of safety data sheets ( Memento of the original from April 24, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.