Bernhard Schweitzer

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Bernhard Schweitzer (born October 3, 1892 in Wesel , † July 16, 1966 in Tübingen ) was a German classical archaeologist .


Bernhard Schweitzer came from a Baden officer family. From 1911 to 1917 he studied Classical Archeology and Classical Philology at the Ruprecht-Karls University of Heidelberg and the University of Berlin ; He received his doctorate in 1917 at the Archaeological Institute in Heidelberg under Friedrich von Duhn with a thesis on the "Investigations on the Chronology of Geometric Styles in Greece I". Bernhard Schweitzer completed his habilitation in Heidelberg in 1921 and was appointed full professor in Königsberg / Pr. In 1925, and in 1932 he was appointed to Leipzig to succeed Herbert Koch . In November 1933 he signed the German professors' confession of Adolf Hitler . Schweitzer did not become a member of the NSDAP , but only joined the NS-Volkswohlfahrt in 1937. In 1945 he became the first rector of Leipzig University after the end of the war and in 1948 succeeded Carl Watzinger in Tübingen, where he retired in 1960.

He was a member of numerous scientific institutions, including the Central Directorate of the German Archaeological Institute and an honorary member of the American Archaeological Institute. His students included Rudolf Horn (dissertation 1929), Reinhard Lullies (dissertation in winter semester 1930/31), Werner Fuchs (dissertation 1953) and Gerhard Neumann (dissertation 1960).


  • Studies on the chronology of the geometric styles in Greece, I . G. Braunsche Hofbuchdruckerei, Karlsruhe in Baden [1917] OCLC 26840078 (Dissertation Heidelberg 1918, 80 pages).
  • Heracles. Essays on the history of Greek religions and legends , Mohr, Tübingen 1922, DNB 362345465 (Philosophical Habilitation University of Heidelberg 1921, VII, 247 pages, 38 illustrations and 12 plates).
  • The visual artist and the concept of the artistic in antiquity (Heidelberg 1925)
  • Xenocrates of Athens. Contributions to the history of ancient art research and art perception (Königsberg 1932)
  • Studies on the Origin of the Portrait among the Greeks (Leipzig 1940)
  • The image of man in Greek sculpture (Potsdam 1944)
  • The Portrait Art of the Roman Republic (Leipzig 1948)
  • with Jochen Briegleb : The Geometric Art of Greece. Early world of forms in the age of Homer , edited by Ulrich Hausmann , DuMont Schauberg, Cologne 1969, DNB 458915939 .
  • On the art of antiquity I-II. Selected Writings (Tübingen 1963)


Web links


  1. Helga A. Welsh: Denazification and reopening of the University of Leipzig 1945–1946. A report by the then Rector Professor Bernhard Schweitzer , In: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte, Volume 33, 1985, Issue 2, pp. 339–372: here p. 339