Siegfried Rosenbaum

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Siegfried Shimon Rosenbaum (born September 12, 1890 in Königsberg (Prussia) ; died April 8, 1969 in Tel Aviv ) was a German - Israeli pediatrician , military doctor , university professor and publicist and holder of the Paracelsus Medal of the German Medical Association.

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Siegfried Rosenbaum was a son of the Königsberg merchant Selmar Rosenbaum and his wife Pauline (née Ladendorff). In his hometown he passed the Abitur at the humanistic grammar school Fridericianum in 1908 and then studied medicine in Königsberg and Freiburg im Breisgau . In 1913 Rosenbaum passed the state examination in Königsberg, shortly before the outbreak of World War I, he received his doctorate in Breslau with a thesis on endothelial cancer of the pleura .

Rosenbaum served as a one-year volunteer in the summer of 1909 and as a troop doctor in the field from 1914 to 1918 . He was seriously wounded twice and was awarded the Iron Cross 1st and 2nd class. After the end of the war, Rosenbaum married Vera London, who was born in Breslau and with whom he had two sons. From October 1918 to 1919 he was a ward doctor in a hospital, most recently as senior physician in the reserve . After his discharge from military service, Rosenbaum initially worked as an intern at the Physiological Institute of the University of Breslau and also interned in the children's clinic. In 1920 he received an assistant position at the University Children's Hospital in Marburg , and in 1922 he moved to the University Children's Hospital in Leipzig . Under Georg Bessau , Rosenbaum completed his habilitation in 1925 with an investigation into the digestive tract of babies. In addition, he qualified as a sports doctor , took care of various Leipzig clubs on a voluntary basis and gave lectures on improving youth health. In 1929 he was appointed associate professor . When the then director of the University Children's Clinic in Leipzig, Georg Bessau, moved to the Charité in Berlin as the successor to Adalbert Czerny , Rosenbaum was provisional director of the Leipzig Children's Clinic until Werner Catel was appointed clinic director and professor in April 1933 .

After the boycott of Jews on April 1, 1933, Siegfried Rosenbaum left the Leipzig clinic, was able to emigrate to Palestine and took the first name Shimon . In the same year he settled in Tel Aviv as a pediatrician in a private practice, which he ran successfully until 1969 and from which he looked after beds in the Assuta Hospital, which he co-founded in 1936, the first modern private hospital in Israel. Rosenbaum worked as a military doctor both during World War II and in the Israeli War of Independence in 1948.

As a sought-after expert in infant nutrition and engaged in professional policy, Rosenbaum was active in many committees, associations and associations in his new home. Among other things, he was Israel's representative in the World Medical Association and a member of the Israeli Science Council. From 1965 Rosenbaum was editor-in-chief of Harefuah magazine , the publication organ of the Israel Medical Association .

Rosenbaum's relationship with Germany remained aloof for a long time: although he also published in German medical journals, he did not return to Germany until 1961 when he was awarded the Paracelsus Medal of the German Medical Association.

Siegfried Rosenbaum died of leukemia in Tel Aviv in 1969 .


  • Ortrun Riha : The pediatrician Siegfried Rosenbaum (1890–1969). In: Ärzteblatt Sachsen. 2013, no. 11, pp. 480-482.
  • Eduard Seidler : Siegfried (Shimon) Rosenbaum (1890-1969) and paediatrics in Palestine after 1933. In: Albrecht Scholz, Caris-Petra Heidel (ed.): Emigrantenschicksale. Influence of Jewish emigrants on social policy and science in the receiving countries. Mabuse, Frankfurt am Main 2004, pp. 43–57.
  • Eduard Seidler: Jewish paediatricians 1933–1945: disenfranchised / fled / murdered. Extended new edition. Karger, Basel 2007, ISBN 978-3-8055-8284-1 ( limited preview in Google book search).
  • Rosenbaum, Schimon , in: Werner Röder; Herbert A. Strauss (Ed.): International Biographical Dictionary of Central European Emigrés 1933-1945 . Volume 2.2. Munich: Saur, 1983 ISBN 3-598-10089-2 , p. 982

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