Yoke (unit)

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The yoke (also called Jauchert ) is a traditional area measure known since ancient times . It is still used today in southern Germany and Austria and is - depending on the region - between 33 and 58 ares (3300 to 5800 m² or 0.3 to 0.6 ha). In Switzerland the unit is called Juchart .


The field measured yoke is largely synonymous with daily work or daily work . Its Latin name is jugerum .

The yoke is the area that can be plowed by an ox or a team of oxen in a single day. Depending on the regional soil conditions, this value is between twenty-five and sixty ares . The respective yoke dimension was also always in accordance with the respective local length dimension .

In German, the terms Jochart, Jauchart, Jauchert, Juck, Juchart or Juckert for the yoke are sometimes still in use today. The morning is generally half a yoke. The farms were taxed from the 8th century and then until beyond the end of the 19th century according to the hoof (or the Hube, its equivalent for southern Germany ). It often corresponded to twenty-four yokes, i.e. about six to fourteen hectares , previously the area of ​​a full-fledged subsistence farm .

Regional yoke dimensions

The Roman yoke   measures approx. 25.29 ares.
The Württemberg yoke   measures approximately 33.09 ares.
The Bavarian yoke   measures approx. 35.25 ares.
The Swiss yoke ( Juchart  measures approx. 36.45 ares.  See old weights and measures (Switzerland)
The Hungarian yoke   measures approx. 43.16 ares.
The Austrian yoke   measures approx. 57.55 ares.  See old weights and measures (Austria)  The Austrian Katastraljoch measures 1,600 square fathoms.

It should be noted that the English acre with its 40.47 ares is also considered to be an ox day's work.

See also


Individual evidence

  1. Language in Austria : “Katastraljoch - österr.-hungar. Field size (5755 m²) ".