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View from the Siblinger Randen observation tower over the Klettgau in west direction. Siblingen is in the foreground , Gächlingen and Hallau behind .
An ammonite from the upper callovium of the Klettgau
View from the pilot's point of view over Raßbach during the approach to the airport Kloten , in the background the Glarus Alps , in the foreground on the right the transmitter Wannenberg , on the left the Kalte Wangen

Klettgau is a landscape and region in the southern Baden district of Waldshut and in the Swiss cantons of Aargau , Schaffhausen and Zurich .


The Klettgau is the area between the Upper Rhine in the south, Randen in the northeast and the Hotzenwald and Black Forest in the northwest.

Territory in Switzerland

Canton of Schaffhausen
The Obere Klettgau , view over the vineyards near Hallau in the direction of Enge before Schaffhausen and Neunkirch (right), surrounded by the Randen Mountains

In the Swiss part of the Klettgau are the districts of Oberklettgau and Unterklettgau of the canton of Schaffhausen . The following villages are included in the Klettgau: Beringen , Gächlingen , Guntmadingen , Hallau , Löhningen , Neunkirch , Oberhallau , Siblingen , Trasadingen , Wilchingen . In 2005 the communities of Osterfingen and Wilchingen were merged to form the new community of Wilchingen, at the beginning of 2013 Guntmadingen merged with Beringen and is now part of the community of Beringen. Schleitheim and Beggingen were once part of the Landgraviate of Stühlingen . Merishausen is not far from the city of Schaffhausen in the Durach valley .

Canton Zurich

There are small Rhine islands near Rüdlingen and Rietheim , Rheinau is also referred to as a (monastery) island. The former Schwarzwasserstelz Castle was on a small rock island in the Rhine. Until it was sold in 1651, the Rafzerfeld belonged to the Counts of Sulz , and since then it has been part of the Zürichgau , now part of the Canton of Zürich.

Kanton Aargau

Bad Zurzach , Rekingen AG and Wislikofen were from 1415 to 1798 part of the county of Baden , now the canton of Aargau.

Area in Germany

The entire southeastern area of ​​the district of Waldshut , from Tiengen in the west to the communities of Lauchringen , Küssaberg , Hohentengen , Klettgau , Dettighofen and Lottstetten to Jestetten in the east, is a geographical and physical part of the Klettgau. A small island in the Rhine is located near Ettikon . The von Hohenlupfen and then the princes of Fürstenberg with their seat at Hohenlupfen Castle and in the city of Stühlingen later formed their own Landgraviate, the Landgraviate of Stühlingen . Due to its location in the Wutach Valley, this was later also referred to as the Wuotenamt (details in the section History of → Horheim ).


Due to the rain shadow of the Black Forest and Randen , the Klettgau is considered dry. There is only around 900 millimeters of rain per year.

State border

Even after Switzerland joins the Schengen area , the border between Germany and Switzerland will be monitored. The movement of goods between the Swiss customs area and the EU customs area is controlled . This is done by the Swiss Border Guard and the German Federal Police .

The customs crossings Waldshut-Tiengen - Koblenz, Rheinheim - Bad Zurzach, Erzingen - Trasadingen, Jestetten - Neuhausen am Rheinfall , Lottstetten - Rafz and Stühlingen - Schleitheim are relevant for the Klettgau . The border crossing at Bargen , which leads via Neuhaus am Randen to Blumberg and connects the A4 with the B 314 , is important for transit traffic . For the history of the border see → Border fortifications of Switzerland .

The Klettgau from Rechberg to Grießen (right) and into the valley near Bühl , with the Alps in the background


At Detzeln and Krenkingen on the edge of the Klettgau to the Black Forest, the basement is developed , in the quarry near Detzeln the porphyry of the Black Forest. The Black Forest basement was formed by magmatic bulges, mainly in the Carboniferous as part of the Variscan Orogeny . The Bonndorfer Graben and the Lenzkircher Graben were created by crust movements . In the Permian , Triassic and Jurassic , layers of sediment were deposited, the so-called overburden . Due to the bulging in the Eocene , the Vosges and Black Forest formed the mountains with the highest elevation, the Feldberg . The Rhine Trench was only created afterwards by a strain that caused it to sink. Most of the overburden was eroded by the uplift in the Tertiary, and the exposed gneiss and granite of the basement could also be eroded to a large extent , for example by the Feldberg glacier .

Further crust movements created the Jura folds . The molasse sea formed the molasse trough, which was also pushed open in the foothills of the Alps, so the teeth of sharks came to 560  m above sea level. NHN des Kätzler near Riedern am Sand . The discovery of a molar of a mastodon on Kalten Wangen was described in 1914 , but it was apparently lost again. Since the uplift of the Swabian Alb in the Burdigal , the Alps have also emerged through tectonic displacement. These were only a low mountain range in the Miocene , so they are a very recent formation in geological terms; the rise to a mountain range continues today.

The Klettgau extends west of the Jura - strata from the Randen and Klettgaujura to the Wutach and Steina . The geological formations that emerge here are varied and knowledgeable fossil collectors will find numerous fossils . Geologically, the Klettgau is the link in the Jura chain between the Swabian Jura and the Aargau Jura as part of the Swiss Jura , which merges into the French Jura . Older than the mandacher disorder is the Mettauer thrust . By the ancient Danube formed in the Pliocene the Wutach distraction .

Up until the end of the Riss glaciation around 200,000 years ago, the Ur-Rhine flowed from Schaffhausen west through the Klettgau (Klettgau basin). The former river bed was filled with alpine gravel or alpine gravel (molasse). Another relic of this is the "Klettgaurinne", a large source of groundwater , an aquifer similar to that of the Upper Rhine aquifer , from which the municipalities of Klettgau, Wutöschingen, Lauchringen and Waldshut-Tiengen, among others, obtain their drinking water . According to the handbook of the natural spatial structure of Germany, the Klettgau is part of the Alb-Wutach area, which is demarcated there from the Upper Rhine area. From Schaffhausen to Rheinheim, the High Rhine Valley is also part of the Klettgau.

See also → Southern Black Forest Nature Park

With the emergence of Lake Constance during the Würm glaciation by the Rhine glacier as würmglazialer Zungenbeckensee or Glacial Lake Rhine has been pushed in a wide arc to the south. In the transition from the hard Malmkalken to easily abradable rißzeitlichen gravel gutter of originated about 14000 to 17000 years Rheinfall .

Fossils and dinosaur finds

Fossil tooth finds from the Upper Miocene : Barley sands from the Molasse basin of the Riedern sand pit
A sea ​​urchin from the Malm of the Klettgau (without spines, these fell off and can often be found separately)
Showcase with fossils in the Paleontological Museum Zurich

Around 1700 a pamphlet by Johann Muralt appeared , in which he describes fossils from the beetroot: De quibusdam lapidibus figuratis Helvetiae; in German: Some stone figures in Switzerland . The Swiss geologist Peter Merian wrote in 1849 in the negotiations of the Basler Naturforschenden Gesellschaft , Volume 8: About a marine tertiary formation in the Randen .

In her children's book published in 1930, the writer Elisabeth Walter describes how the little blacksmith found fossils on the Jura heights of the Klettgau. Local researchers were and still are interested in the geology of the Klettgau. For example Ferdinand Hasenfratz , the brothers Franz Joseph Würtenberger and Leopold Würtenberger , who wrote specialist literature and mention Albert Oppel (p. 56), who found and described ammonites at Bechtersbohl in 1863 , and they also name the discovery of a well-preserved lower jaw, a Gyrodus umbilicus Agas . (P. 53; named by Louis Agassiz ), a fish of the Malms and an unspecified part of a Teleosauridae .

The doctor Intlekofer describes the geology on his botanical hikes and mentions fossils from Grimmelshofen , which were made during the construction of the railway , and the alleged find of a skull fragment of a Nothosaurus , which is said to be in the Natural History Museum in Basel . Mention should be made of the teacher and collector Ferdinand Schalch , whose fossil collection is exhibited in the Museum zu Allerheiligen in Schaffhausen, and the collector Franz Falkenstein . Some skeletal remains of an as yet unspecified Tanystropheus were found during construction work between 1988 and 1990 in the neighboring Hotzenwald near Waldhaus; the finds were salvaged by the paleontologist Rupert Wild and brought to the Stuttgart Natural History Museum .

In addition to private collections, fossils from the Klettgau can also be found in the Fürstenberg Collection in Donaueschingen and in the Rosgarten Museum in Konstanz, in the Paleontological Museum in Zurich , in the State Museum of Natural History in Karlsruhe , in the Paleontological Collection of the University of Tübingen and in the Natural History Museum in Freiburg .

In Klettgau found Bernhard Peyer some teeth of Morganucodon and bones of the Gresslyosaurus (named after paleontologist amanz gressly ), the Termatosaurus , of Megalosaurus and Plateosaurus . A complete specimen from the Upper Triassic, the Rhaetium , was discovered in the neighboring Frickgau in the clay pit near Frick AG , where a predatory dinosaur of the Coelophysidae species was also found in 2006 .

Ernst Stitzenberger names fossils of Mastodon angustidens Mey. (today's name: Gomphotherium ) and Dinotherium giganteum vom Buchberg am Randen and Hippotherium gracile Kaup. (today Equidae ) from Beggingen.

In Beggingen in 1962 a student discovered a vertebral bone of an ichthyosaur from the Lias with a diameter of twelve centimeters. The following excavations resulted in a tail piece about 1.20 m long. During the construction of the A 98 in 1991, a small piece of jaw with three Placodus teeth was found . Above all, however, fossils found are common, starting with sea lilies of the mussel lime, ammonites, mussels, snails and brachiopods of the Jurassic, belemnites from the Lias to shark teeth of the Miocene.


Prehistory and early history

The Langenstein or " Chindlistein " at the Langenstein Stadium
Hand ax from flint found in the construction of the elevated tank on the Semberg in Schwerzen

Already in the Stone Age , the hunters of the Upper Palaeolithic moved through the Klettgau , numerous stone tools made of flint were found, some are on display in the museum in Schönau Castle . The famous Kesslerloch discovery site can be found in the neighboring Reiat and the Petersfels in neighboring Hegau . There is also the Langenstein , the Degernau menhir and the Degernau dolmen . Finds from the Early Bronze Age were made at Kadelburg, among others. A finding from Tiengen is unique in the architecture of the burial mounds of the Bronze Age . Under a burial mound there was a large rectangular stone building in drywall technology, 6.5 m wide and more than 30 m long, the walls of which were still preserved up to a height of 80 cm. Inside is the burial of a man with a dagger and a bronze needle. Subsequent burials, including another man from the Middle Bronze Age with a well-preserved bronze sword, were also included. The traces of the settlements of the Celts were found in many places. Local researchers like Carl Frowin Mayer or Emil Gersbach were interested in the research. Scientific excavations were carried out in 1926 and 1927 by Georg Kraft near Altenburg. The Schanze and Oppidum in Swabia have been known for a long time near Jestetten .

Roman time

Millefioriglas , Roman glass bowls in the Museum Höfli

At the time of the Roman Empire , after the Alpine campaigns and the conquests under Caesar and Germanicus until the Varus Battle, the area was a Roman province as Germania superior ( Upper Germany ) . The discovery of the Roman camp in Dangstetten was of national importance . There are numerous Roman settlement finds and villas in the Klettgau. Schleitheim occupies a central position with the Juliomagus settlement ; other settlements were located at Siblingen , Osterfingen , Beringen and Geißlingen , among others . The discovery of the Untereggingen Roman camp was achieved through aerial photographs . A Roman road ran through the Klettgau . The Neckar-Alb-Aare Roman road led from Windisch near Tenedo over the Upper Rhine and on to the Upper Danube . The foundations of a Gallo-Roman temple were found below the Küssaburg . Also the viticulture goes back to the Romans. Then the Romans withdrew step by step, first protected by the Limes , later across the Rhine, which was provided with watchtowers and forms a natural border as it does today.

Roman villages in the Danube and Alpine regions

The Romans were followed by the Alemannic tribe of the Lentiens , who settled the Klettgau as well as the Hegau and Linzgau between the 3rd and 4th centuries.

middle Ages

Later the area of ​​the Klettgau was ruled by the Franks . From 481 to 511 Swabia was ruled by Clovis I and his son Chlothar I. Clovis had defeated the Alemanni in the battle of Zülpich , and it thus belonged to the Franconian Empire ( Australia ). After the fall of the Frankish Empire, the empire was redistributed under Charlemagne . Around 781 the Klettgau was divided into two districts, of which the western part was named Albgau . The name is first documented for the year 792. The Klettgau is largely Catholic, the patroness is the Notburga von Bühl . As a result of the Reformation , an evangelical majority formed in the Schaffhausen area and in general on Swiss territory. Today all world religions are represented by immigration .

Main article: Landgraviate of Klettgau in the Middle AgesMain article: Rule of Schwarzenberg 1687–1806

Peasants' War

According to traditional historiography, the German Peasants' War began with the Stühlinger peasant survey on June 23, 1524, probably under the leadership of Michel Haim von Stiellingen , the Bundschuh movements and the surveys of the Hauenstein subjects opposite the St. Blasien monastery . On May 15, 1524, the city council of Waldshut refused to expel Balthasar Hubmaier to Austria . The uprising of the Stühlingen subjects against Count Siegmund II von Lupfen began on June 23, 1524 in front of Hohenlupfen Castle . In June 1524 the Stühlingen farmers elected Hans Müller von Bulgenbach as their captain. It was not until December 1524 that the Klettgau subjects turned against the Counts of Sulz. In contrast to the Stühlingers, who submitted their complaints to the Esslingen Supreme Court , they always referred to the Reformation. From Zurich, the Zwinglian Reformed creed was carried to the Klettgau by preachers . Thomas Müntzer stayed in Waldshut. Under the leadership of Nikolaus Wagner, the Klettgauer formulated their complaints in 44 articles , which they addressed to the city council of Zurich on January 25, 1525. The uprising lasted until November 4, 1525. On this day it was bloodily suppressed by the troops of Count Rudolf V von Sulz under Christoph Fuchs von Fuchsberg near Grießen. Hans Rebmann was blinded.

The Thirty-Year War

In 1633 the Klettgau was hit by the Thirty Years War when Johann von Aldringen moved to the Klettgau on September 30, 1633 together with the general Duke von Feria after the siege of Constance . From Stühlingen they threatened the city of Schaffhausen , Feria and von Aldringen together commanded a master of about 30,000 men. After negotiations, they moved to Tiengen on October 8, which they took from the Swedes. Then they besieged Rheinfelden .

French and Swedish troops under the dreaded Colonel René du Puy-Montbrun, seigneur de Villefranche et de la Jonchère , hired for dear money by Duke Julius Friedrich of Württemberg , seigneur de Villefranche et de la Jonchère , invaded the Landgraviate because Landgrave Karl Ludwig Ernst von Sulz was a supporter of the Emperor . 700 farmers, led by two Sulzian officials (the forester Imhof and the rent master Höuptlin, both from Jestetten), attacked these troops on May 8, 1633 near Lottstetten and were completely defeated. In addition to 200 deaths, there were many prisoners and considerable property damage to complain about - the village of Lottstetten was burned and the area was plundered until June 20, 1633 and the following year. The state fortress of Küssaburg was destroyed on March 8, 1634 by its imperial garrison so that it did not fall into the hands of the Swedes under the leadership of General Gustaf Horn . On December 4, 1634, General Hamilton led his troops to Tiengen and through the Klettgau; they did not move on to the Hegau until Christmas.

In 1635 the plague claimed considerable victims, so that the county was largely orphaned. On the Friday before Candlemas 1638, French troops under Bernhard moved from Weimar to Rheinfelden, where the battle of Rheinfelden took place. In the summer, the Imperial Major General Bernhard Schaffalitzky von Muckadell followed .

The Klettgau was drained and starved, but the successor in office of Bernhard von Weimar, Johann Ludwig von Erlach , writes to the commissioner in Laufenburg, Lazarus Schäfer: ... that, if it is not paid and delivered, the houses of the officials and the castle in Tiengen are in Set on fire, but did not want to bother the subjects .

In 1641 imperial troops came again under Colonel Johann Mathias von Franzmauth and Wildholzen , who wanted to prevent the contributions and the escape of valuables and money to safe Switzerland, but this did not succeed. In 1647 the French Colonel Christoph Ludwig von Baumbach is in Stühlingen and demands taxes from there. In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia ended the war.

Baden Revolution

With the participation in the Heckerzug under Colonel Joseph Weißhaar and Gustav Struve , numerous Klettgau residents acknowledged the ideas of the Baden Revolution .


In the course of the 19th century, numerous Klettgau residents emigrated to America. The way here mostly led via an emigration office in Basel across the Rhine to Rotterdam , where an emigration ship had been booked for the crossing. First place of arrival for the immigrants was Castle Clinton and later Ellis Island . See also the main article → Emigration


Main article: End of the war in the southern Black Forest (1945)

On April 5, 1945, the 3rd combat group of the 1st division blindée was in Baden, together with the 9th Colon. Infantry Division she opened the way to the Black Forest where she and the 1st Army near Baden-Baden secured the important crossroads from Freudenstadt. After the occupation of Kehl and Offenburg, Freiburg was taken on April 21, 1945. The Argoud group moved into Alt-Breisach while the Lepinay and Petit groups initially remained in Freiburg and the surrounding area. On April 24th, the 3rd combat force advanced against Loerrach, took position and prepared to break through to Waldshut. On April 26th, Waldshut was reached and a position was taken. The 3rd combat force now left the 9th Colon. Division and was again subordinated to the 1st Army, it now had the 3rd afrik. Jägerregiment. After the 3rd Combat Group from Tiengen - which did not surrender immediately - advanced via Lauchringen, Wutöschingen, Ofteringen to Fützen, it was then placed under the command of the 4th Moroccan Mountain Division. When overhauled , there was again heavy resistance. General Caldairou met in Schwenningen with the commanding general of the 4th Moroccan Mountain Division. On April 28th, the 3rd Combat Force returned under the command of the 1st Panzer Division. Baden and with it the Klettgau became a French zone of occupation . The first military governor of the French occupation zone and commander in chief of the French occupation forces in Germany was Jean de Lattre de Tassigny , his successor was Marie-Pierre Kœnig , until September 21, 1949 and with the formation of the Allied High Commission , based on the Petersberg near Bonn , in September 1949 the post of military governor was replaced by the post of high commissioner . André François-Poncet was High Commissioner for the French zone of occupation from September 21, 1949 to May 5, 1955.



Major industrial companies are located in Beringen and Schaffhausen, such as Georg Fischer AG . The aluminum industry with the aluminum works in Wutöschingen is also important for the Klettgau . Other larger companies are Sto near Stühlingen-Weizen, Bucher Hydraulics near Grießen, Villiger Söhne Holding in Tiengen, GUTEX near Gurtweil, Lauffenmühle in Unterlauchringen and Günthart in Hohentengen. In almost all of the smaller towns , too, commercial areas have been and are increasingly being designated, which inevitably means that land consumption is constantly growing . The craft businesses are diverse. With the nearby centers of Zurich, Winterthur and Basel, Switzerland offers work for many cross-border commuters .

Natural resources

In terms of mineral resources, stone ore , gypsum and limestone were once important here. The floor laundry was monitored by a Steiger from the Klettgau mining inspection in Tiengen. He was also active in the Black Forest in front of Austria in Klettgau, for example in the operation of the mine at Bildstein . Today gravel extraction is still important for the region. Ballast for the construction industry and track construction is extracted from the Detzeln Porphyr quarry near Krenkingen .

Rock salt deposits were made accessible by injecting water ( Kadelburg ). Thermal water can be found in Bad Zurzach . At the Ripphalde near Tiengen there was a "suspension spring" in 1761. It was later redesigned and named Tugo spring after the legendary founder of Tiengen. It had a flow rate of 6 l / s and delivered sulphurous table water at 9 degrees Celsius. In 2001 in Tiengen, not far from the swimming pool, an exploratory borehole for thermal water was successfully sunk to 600 m; water was found at 24 degrees Celsius at a depth of 200 m and at 500 meters at 24 degrees.

Old bottled water bottle with swing top from the former Tiengen mineral water factory

In the neighboring former Landgraviate of Stühlingen , near Fützen and above all in Schleitheim, the parlor sandstone was once quarried from the Keuper or shell limestone for various uses (for gravestones, vestments, cornices, steps or furnace base plates). In Tiengen and Schleitheim, gypsum was also obtained on a large scale in the mining industry. In Fützen there is now a large limestone quarry for gravel extraction, which is known to collectors of quartz crystals (entry is prohibited due to the risk of falling rocks ). In Eggingen and Wunderklingen near Hallau and Eberfingen , alabaster was found in addition to plaster , from which 23 altars in Salem Minster were created by the sculptors Johann Georg Dirr and Johann Georg Wieland from now exhausted quarries in the Wutach Valley. Many other works of art such as the main altar of the parish church in Stühlingen were made from this delicate material.

Tufa limestone for many buildings was quarried near Dillendorf . Quartz sands are developed in Riedern am Sand . Loam or clay pits were dug in many places, the last of which was for the brickworks near Erzingen . The Nagra leads to the exploration of the subsoil in the southern border area reconnaissance drilling through border at three and three other locations in Switzerland on the Upper Rhine is examined where in the layers of formations Opalinuston a final repository for radioactive waste can be established. Opalinus clays come to the surface at the edge near Neunkirch and are mined on a small scale.

Salem Minster: View into the nave, with the altars made of alabaster from the Klettgau


Meager meadow above Siblingen with a view of the Randen

The Klettgau is dominated by agriculture and one of the granaries of Switzerland. The wine-growing region has centers in Klettgau , Erzingen , Rechberg and Lottstetten - Nack (D), Hohentengen (D), Wilchingen (CH), Hallau (CH), Trasadingen (CH) and Osterfingen (CH). The vineyards in the federal Klettgau are the largest in Eastern Switzerland and appear as the " Schaffhausen Blauburgunderland ".

Forestry and forestry

The forest is still important for the Klettgau area. Of the former sawmills, however, only one larger one is still in operation. The Klettgau is one of the few landscape areas in Central Europe in which there are significant populations of downy oak .

Hunting and fishing

The hunting grounds are mostly leased. There are wild boar and red deer. As a special feature, fallow deer are also hunted to a small extent in wild animals . As Rhine fish was Salm once an everyday food, especially in the little ones running in Laufenburg he was once caught. Efforts are being made to bring this salmon fish back home. Today trout is mainly caught . Fly fishing in the Wutach was popular with wealthy Englishmen in the 18th century and is still today . Typical Rhine fish are nose and eel .

Nature and landscape protection areas

In Klettgau there are a few small nature reserves that are supposed to protect rare plants, animals or habitats , such as the Pulsatilla site in Dangstetten or the nature reserves Nacker Mühle and the Kadelburger Lauffen-Wutach estuary . The existing nature parks such as the Southern Black Forest Nature Park and the new Schaffhausen Regional Nature Park do not offer the same protection as the nature reserves or the landscape protection areas , nor do they cover the entire Klettgau region. The land consumption is growing steadily, industrial areas are being designated in small towns and new residential areas are being developed. The expansion of the A 98 was limited, but it is also associated with a lot of natural loss in Klettgau.

Recreation and tourism

The main tourist destinations are the Rhine Falls , the Küssaburg and the Upper Rhine along its entire route, and there are several campsites. There is a thermal bath in Bad Zurzach.

Museums and sights

Excavation of the thermal bath of Juliomagus with remains of the hypocaust (underfloor heating)
Rotwasserstelz near Hohentengen-Roetteln-Kaiserstuhl
The rose garden at Munot
Januarius Zick : Johannes baptizes Christ in the Jordan , Baroque church Schwerzen


Tiengen: A 98 motorway bridge over the Wutach at the Bürgerwald tunnel , Tiengen-Ost



The E 54 runs as the German B 34 and the Swiss main road 13 in an east-west direction from Schaffhausen to Waldshut through the Klettgau. From Schaffhausen, Hauptstrasse 14 also leads north-west through the Klettgau.

Flight over the southern Black Forest: below the Klettgau and Lake Zurich , in the background the Alps
River power station near Rekingen

The three-lane A 98 is completed in stages up to the B 314 at Oberlauchringen. From here it will initially be built as a bypass , a connection to the A 81 is planned. For now it will end with Geißlingen .


The German railway operates the railway line Basel - Schaffhausen - Singen - Friedrichshafen - Ulm . All villages in the Swiss Klettgau are also well connected to the canton capital Schaffhausen by S-Bahn Schaffhausen or by bus (including from SchaffhausenBus ) . The Tiengen station is on this connection known as the Hochrheinbahn . The museum route of the Wutach Valley Railway runs through part of the Klettgau .


A Singapore Airlines A380 flies over the Klettgau at 8 a.m. every day on its approach to Zurich Kloten Airport

As a neighbor to the canton of Zurich with the city of Zurich and Zurich Airport , the Klettgau is connected to air traffic. The air traffic above the Klettgau was a night flight ban restricted to before aircraft noise to protect. Since 2012 there has been a new agreement between Switzerland and Germany on the aircraft noise dispute . The orientation of the sub-runway requires a flight over the Klettgau, according to Radar Traffic the junction is mostly the Waldshut-Tiengen area and the municipality of Wutöschingen- Schwerzen . However, the Swiss people living around the airfield are even more stressed by the runway. Modern aircraft such as the A380 are now significantly quieter than older models or fan guns . In addition to the Bohlhof glider airfield near Neunkirch in Switzerland, there is also the Schmerlat airfield in Klettgau .


The Rhine is not important as a shipping route within the Klettgau, but is very popular with leisure captains and tourists. At the barrages of the hydropower plants in Hohentengen , the river is provided with a lock and lifting or pulling devices at the Rheinau power plant for smaller boats. There are passenger ferries at Waldshut, Kadelburg and Ellikon am Rhein . There is also a pedestrian crossing near the Reckingen power plant .

The bridges over the Rhine , such as the Schaffhausen – Feuerthalen Rhine bridge , and the railway bridges, such as the Waldshut – Koblenz Rhine bridge , are of great importance .

Authorities and institutions


For the German area of Klettgau that's District Office Waldshut responsible for Switzerland, the cantonal governments of the cantons of Schaffhausen in government buildings Schaffhausen , Zurich for the cantonal parliament in the town hall Zurich and the Aargau cantonal parliament of Aargau in the cantonal parliament building Aarau .

The police department for the Waldshut district is located in Tiengen . Every village has a volunteer fire department . The fire brigade is organized differently in Switzerland , see → Fire brigade in Switzerland .


The DRK has a central deployment point for the lower Wutachtal area in the Lauchringen industrial area and a rescue center in Stühlingen near the Loreto hospital . The Waldshut Hospital , the Loreto Hospital in Stühlingen and the Schaffhausen Cantonal Hospital are responsible for the Klettgau . The University Hospital Zurich and the University Clinic Freiburg are also important for the Klettgau .


The Wannenberg transmitter , which is visible from afar and is popular on Sunday excursions, is near Bergöschingen .

Spatial planning

The Klettgau is part of the spatial planning and planning region Hochrhein-Bodensee .



The Klettgau dialects do not form a uniform idiom , but have a common basic structure. They belong to the Alemannic dialects . The writer and poet Albert Bächtold wrote in the Klettgau dialect .


Schaffhausen costumes

The Klettgau costume is still worn today. It can be seen above all on festive occasions, such as the Schwyz Day or the Erzinger Wine Festival . On the market square fountain in Tiengen, the figure of a woman wearing traditional costume can be seen in Klettgau. The Klettgau costume is closely related to the Hallau costume , which has a small black velvet hood and a black scarf and is still worn today in the canton of Schaffhausen and in the Reiat . There are old illustrations of the costume by Franz Niklaus König . Typical is the splendor of colors, the bodice with colorful silk ribbons and the fur , also mostly banded. The Klettgau men's costume is similar to the Hotzenwald costume .



Almost every place in the Klettgau has traditional music clubs, wind music and singing clubs. Some Guggen music groups were formed for the carnival . Well-known dance music groups are or were the Amigos , Popcorn or the neighboring Fricktal musicians . The alphorn soloist Lisa Stoll comes from Wilchingen , the songwriter Roland Kroell was born in Waldshut-Tiengen .


Organ and church concerts in Tiengen, among others, under the direction of Rolf Mallmann . Concerts with Lajos Földesi . Formerly also on the Stieffell organ in Schwerzen. In Schaffhausen there is the International Bach Society and a chamber orchestra of the Music Collegium . In Tiengen the South Black Forest Music School.


Annual jazz festival in Tiengen and the Schaffhausen jazz festival in Schaffhausen . Music groups there are or were Die Aeronauten or The Pride with Tom Krailing . Live rock music can be heard at Stars in Town in Schaffhausen and at other venues, for example with the group Dark Zodiak from Eggingen / Wutöschingen, Suborned from Aarau.


Old and new art originated and is mainly being created in the city of Schaffhausen, especially Tobias Stimmer . In the Hallen für Neue Kunst in Schaffhausen, works by internationally known artists from the 1960s and 1970s were on view; the museum has been closed since June 2014. In Grießen there is the Klettgau Gallery. Local artists are often exhibited, for example by Egon Arno Bräunlich , Kolibri and many others. The internationally known artist Irene Hoppenberg comes from Tiengen . In the immediate vicinity, especially in Switzerland, the Fondation Beyeler or the museums in Basel or Zurich such as the Kunsthaus Zurich or the numerous museums in Winterthur with the Museum Oskar Reinhart are worth seeing.


Libraries and Archives

Newspapers and publishers


watch TV


Sources (document books)

Sources (journals)

Sources (encyclopedias)

  • Johann Baptist Kolb , historical-statistical-topographical dictionary of the Grand Duchy of Baden (1813/1816).
  • The Grand Duchy of Baden presented geographically, scientifically, historically, economically and state-wise, 1885.
  • Albert Krieger , Topographical Dictionary of the Grand Duchy of Baden, 1904.

Sources (bibliographies)

Literature (history)

  • Emil Müller-Ettikon: The peasant war in the Waldshut district . Zimmermann, Waldshut 1961.
  • Emil Müller-Ettikon: Heinrich Hansjakob in Waldshut . Zimmermann, Waldshut 1964.
  • Egon Gersbach : Prehistory of the High Rhine (finds and sites in the districts of Säckingen and Waldshut); Freiburg / Breisgau, State Office for Prehistory and Early History, (Badische Fund reports, special issue 11), text and table volume, 1968–1969 (= Phil. Dissertation University of Freiburg im Breisgau).
  • City of Tiengen (Upper Rhine): The Klettgau . Franz Schmid (Ed.), 1971 (still authoritative monograph today, with contributions by: Ruth Blum , Eugen Fürstos, Richard Gäng , Josef Hirt-Elmer , Josef Isele, Helmut Maurer , Ludwig Mayer, Emil Müller-Ettikon , Heinrich Münz, Helmut Naumann, Alois Nohl , Alfons Peter, Ernst Rüedi, Franz Schmid, Karl Schwarzenberg , Ignatz Stein, Heinz Voellner , Karl Friedrich-Wernet , Hans Jakob Wörner ).
  • Emil Müller-Ettikon: Johannes Marder. Self-published, Waldshut 1972.
  • Norbert Nothhelfer (ed.): The district of Waldshut . Konrad Theiss, 1979, ISBN 3806202044 .
  • Emil Müller-Ettikon: The saltpeter . Schillinger, Freiburg im Breisgau 1979.
  • Helmut Bender : From the Upper Rhine, Hotzenwald and the southern Black Forest. Karl Schillinger , Freiburg 1980. ISBN 3 921340 53 5 .
  • Waldemar Lutz and Hansjörg Noe (eds.): WT Heimatkunde mark for the district of Waldshut . Reinhard Caspers (Mithrsg.), 1989, ISBN 3-12-258330-5 .
  • Leif Geiges (photos), Ingeborg Krummer-Schroth , Elisabeth Schmid , Paul Gustav Schneider , Otto Wittmann : The Upper Rhine . Theiss, 1984, ISBN 3806202397 .
  • Helmut Vocke (ed.): The chronicle of the Waldshut district . Waldshut 1985 (2nd edition).
  • Gerd Biegel : Experienced history Forays through prehistory and early history around Ober- u. Upper Rhine . 1985, ISBN 3-7930-0491-0 .
  • Volker Himmelein : Castles and palaces in the Black Forest . DRW-Verlag, 1985. ISBN 978-3-87181-210-1 (Küssaburg, Roggenbach, Ofteringen)
  • Michael Borgolte : The Counts of Alemannia in Merovingian and Carolingian times. A prosopography . Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1986 (Archeology and History. Freiburg Research on the First Millennium in Southwest Germany 2), ISBN 3-7995-7351-8 .
  • Michael Borgolte: History of the counties of Alemannia in Franconian times . Thorbecke, Sigmaringen 1984 (lectures and research, special volume 31).
  • Ilse Fingerlin : The Counts of Sulz and their burial in Tiengen on the Upper Rhine . In: Research and reports of archeology in Baden-Württemberg , Volume 15, Landesdenkmalamt Baden-Württemberg (Hrsg.), 1992, ISBN 3-8062-1063-2 .
  • Walter Drack : The late Roman border weir on the Upper Rhine . Archaeological Guide of Switzerland 13, 1993.
  • Hiroto Oka: The Peasants' War in the Landgraviate of Stühlingen and its prehistory since the middle of the 15th century . 1998, ISBN 3-89649-312-4 .
  • Fritz Utz (Hrsg.), Eugen Wyler (Hrsg.), Hans Trüb (Hrsg.): The border occupation 1914-1918 told by soldiers . Eugen Rentsch Verlag, 1933.
  • Hermann Riedel: Stop! Swiss border! The end of the Second World War in the southern Black Forest and on the Upper Rhine in documentary reports by German, French and Swiss participants and those affected . Verlag des Südkurier, 1984, ISBN 3-87799-023-1 .
  • Otto Raggenbass : Despite barbed wire 1939–1945, border region on Lake Constance and the Upper Rhine in difficult times , Südkurier, 1964.
  • Wilhelm H. Mayer (author), Ludwig Stöcklin (drawings): Heimat am Hochrhein Local history reader for the districts of Waldshut and Säckingen . Otto Kehrer, 1964.
  • Karl Schib : History of the city and landscape of Schaffhausen . Meili, Schaffhausen 1972.
  • Walter Ulrich Guyan : On All Saints' Day in Schaffhausen. Foreword by Hans Hürlimann . Preface by Felix Schwank. Ex libris, Zurich 1975.
  • Christophe Seiler, Andreas Steigmeier : History of the Aargau. Illustrated overview from prehistoric times to the present , AT Verlag, 1991, ISBN 3855024103 .
  • Beatrix Zureich: Saint Fintan von Rheinau . Miriam Verlag, Jestetten 2003, ISBN 3874493261 .

Literature (individual places)

  • Bürgergemeinde Neunkirch (Ed.), Wilhelm Wildberger: History of the City of Neunkirch, 1917.
  • Georg Jäger: Jestetten and its surroundings. A home register for the Baden customs exclusion area, 1930.
  • Stadtgemeinde Stühlingen (ed.), Hans Brandeck (pseud.): History of the city and the former Landgraviate of Stühlingen, 1927.
  • Christian Wanner, Heinrich Wanner: History of Schleitheim, 1932.
  • Stadtgemeinde Tiengen (Hrsg.), Hans Brandeck (pseud.): History of the city of Tiengen (Upper Rhine). With an appendix: "Brief treatise on the history of coins from the old Tiengen Mint", by Albert Meyer, 1936.
  • Reinhard Meyer: Local history and history of Hallau, 1938.
  • Kilian Weber: Dettighofen home book of a border village, 1939.
  • Emil Müller-Ettikon : From the history of the village of Kadelburg, 1956
  • Emil Müller-Ettikon: Zurzach's Relationship with Kadelburg, 1964
  • City of Stühlingen (Ed.), Gustav Häusler: Stühlingen Past and Present, 1966.
  • Altenburg community (ed.): Altenburg 871–1971, contributions to local history, 1971.
  • Erwin Müller-Heer: 1200 years of Löhningen. 779-1979, Löhningen 1979.
  • Parish Küssaberg (Ed.), Emil Müller-Ettikon : Brief overview of the history of Küssaberg, 1981.
  • Walter Ulrich Guyan: Beringen. The village and its landscape . Beringen 1983, ISBN 3-8580-5122-5 .
  • Hans Reich: History of the community of Gächlingen, Gächlingen 1984.
  • Community Lauchringen (ed.), Brigitte Matt-Willmatt, Karl-Friedrich Hoggenmüller: Lauchringen - Chronicle of a community . Leek rings, 1985.
  • Wolf Pabst: Stone sculptures in Küssaberg, Küssaberg 1985.
  • Hubert Roth: Waisch it no? Klettgau - as it used to be . Geiger, Horb 1986, ISBN 3892640149 .
  • Kurt Bächtold: History of Wilchingen , Wilchingen, 1988.
  • Max Baumann: Schaffhausen, landscape culture history sights . Meili, Schaffhausen 1989, ISBN 3 85805 100 4 .
  • Hallau community (ed.), Hermann Wanner, Robert Pfund, Hans Hablützel, Anton Stählin and other co-authors: History of Hallau. Record of the unique history of the village over the centuries , Hallau 1991.
  • Kurt Bächtold: The history of the Randendorf Beggingen, Beggingen 1991.
  • Hubert Matt-Willmatt: Dettighofen Baltersweil Berwangen, 1992.
  • Berthold Danner: A look back at yesterday. Historical photographs from Jestetten and Altenburg . Self-published, 1992.
  • Parish St. Johannes Schwerzen (Ed.), Hans Ruppaner, Helmut Maurer : Parish St. Johannes d. T. Schwerzen, 1992.
  • Herbert Fuchs: Hohentengen and the villages of the Bohnenviertel: Lienheim, Herdern, Stetten, Günzgen and Bergöschingen: history and stories, taking into account the historical connections to Kaiserstuhl / Switzerland . Horb am Neckar 1992, ISBN 3-89264-716-X .
  • Eggingen community (ed.), Siegfried Hasenfratz, Hans-Wolf Kaczmarczyk: Chronicle of Eggingen . Eggingen 1996.
  • Armin Rahm, Rita Rahm: Local history guide through Beringen . Beringen 2000.
  • Hubert Roth: That's how it is ... Life in Klettgau, 2000. ISBN 3895706914 .
  • Karl-Hellmuth Jahnke, Erich Danner (Ed.): The Jestetter village book. Altenburg and Jestetten in the past and present . Kunstverlag Josef Fink, 2001, ISBN 3-89870-039-9 .
  • Albert and Hans Rudolf Sennhauser and Alfred Huber (eds.): History of the Fleckens Zurzach, 2004, ISBN 3-9522575-2-4 .
  • Thomas Neukom: Rafz . Chronos Verlag, 2005, ISBN 9783034007016
  • Herbert Fuchs: The history of the church and parish of St. Maria Hohentengen on the Upper Rhine, 2006.
  • Local administration Wutöschingen (ed.): Wutöschingen - then and now, The reading book: Degernau, Horheim, Ofteringen, Schwerzen, Wutöschingen, 2006.
  • Susanne Weiland: Klettgau A community with profile, 2008.
  • Marienburg Abbey (Ed.): Marienburg Abbey Ofteringen 1862–2012. 150 years of the monastery with perpetual adoration . Anniversary publication, Herbstritt printing company, Wutöschingen 2012.

Literature (dialect)

  • Frieda Grüninger-Hupfer: Home in Klettgau . Zimmermann, Waldshut.
  • Elisabeth Walter: Rosmarin und Nägili ( Alemannic volume of poems) In: Special edition of the complete works for the 100th birthday . Schillinger, Freiburg 1997, ISBN 3891552076 .
  • Albert Bächtold : D Sprooch is the mirror of the people. Us siine books , Schaffhausen 1988.
  • Alfred Richli, Heinz Gallmann, among others: Schaffhauser Dialect Dictionary (grammars and dictionaries of Swiss German in a generally understandable presentation, supported by the Swiss German Association, Volume XV) . Meier, Schaffhausen 2003 (association for the publication of the Schaffhausen dialect dictionary).

Literature (sagas and fairy tales)

  • Johannes Künzig : Badische Sagen, 1923.
  • Reinhard Frauenfelder : sagas and legends from the canton of Schaffhausen . Schoch, 1933.
  • Franz Georg Brustgi : The gold chain. A treasure trove of legends. Two hundred and twenty-nine sagas from southern Germany. Robert Bardtenschlager, Reutlingen 1950.
  • August Schnezler : Badisches Sagenbuch. A collection of the most beautiful sagas, stories, fairy tales and legends of the Baden region from written documents, the mouths of the people and poets. First division: From Lake Constance to Ortenau . Reprint of the edition from 1846 Wilhelm Creuzbauer , Carlsruhe. Central antiquariat of the GDR, Leipzig 1976.
  • Wilhelm Straub, Black Forest Legends . 1980, ISBN 3782600142 .
  • Ulf Diederichs u. Christa Hinze (Ed.): Alemannische Sagen , 1984 a. 1998, ISBN 3-86047-924-5 .
  • Ferdinand Hasenfratz : The cabbage bed hunter and other adventurous spider stubs sagas, genuine forest strolls and chats from the Wutachtal , 1984. Edition Isele , ISBN 3-925016-00-7 .
  • Hans Matt-Willmatt and Brigitte Matt-Willmatt, Heidlore Goldammer (drawings): Legends of the Upper Rhine and Hotzenwald . Schauenburg, Lahr 1986.
  • Roland Kroell : Magical Black Forest and Vosges hikes to places of power . AT Verlag, Baden and Munich 2004, ISBN 3-85502-998-9 .
  • Marie-Christine Neininger (Ed.): Schaffhauser fairy tales . Texts by Ursula Fricker, Martin Harzenmoser, Susanne Koch, Hans-Carl Koch, Ursula Litmanowitsch, Verena Loosli, Ulrike Matt, Norbert Neininger, Alfred Richli, Deborah Schwarz, Wälz Studer, Katharina Tanner, Elisabeth Vetter, Dieter Wiesmann. Meier, Schaffhausen 2002.

Literature (antiquarian)

  • Aegidius Tschudi : Gallia Commata. Constance 1758.
  • Joseph Lukas Meyer : Outline of the history of the Klettgau. 1817.
  • Joseph Lukas Meyer: Detailed history of the Klettgau. 1820.
  • Joseph Bader: Brief history of the city of Tiengen. 1824.
  • Eduard im Thurn : The canton of Schaffhausen, historically, geographically, statistically described. Description of all the mountains, rivers, cities, towns, villages, castles and hamlets located in it, along with instructions on how to travel to them in the most useful and enjoyable way. A handbook and house book for canton citizens and travelers. Huber, St. Gallen and Bern 1840.
  • Eduard im Thurn, Hans Wilhelm Harder : Chronicle of Schaffhausen. Brodtmann, Schaffhausen 1844.
  • Martin Wanner: The history of the Klettgau in outline up to the Reformation. 1857.
  • Johann Meyer: The Küssaberg Castle . 1866.
  • Alexander Würtenberger : Old stories from the Upper Rhine. 1881 u. 1929.
  • Samuel Pletscher: Küssenberg in Klettgau in Baden. Schleitheim 1883.
  • Karl Friedrich Würtenberger : Elsbeth von Küssaberg . Versepos, Petersburg 1889.
  • Johann Evangelist Schöttle : On the history of the Klettgau. In: Diöcesanarchiv von Schwaben, 9th year 1892 (in numerous continuations; digital copies from the University of Heidelberg ).
  • Carl August Bächtold (ed.), Johann Jakob Rüeger : Chronicle of the city and landscape of Schaffhausen . 2 vol., 1884-1892.
  • Franz Xaver Kraus : The art monuments of the Waldshut district. Volume 3, Mohr, Freiburg i. Br. 1892.
  • Eduard Schuster: The castles and palaces of Baden. Hofbuchhandlung Friedrich Gutsch, Karlsruhe 1908.
  • Franz Schwerz : Attempt of an anthropological monograph of the canton of Schaffhausen especially of the Klettgau. New memorandum of the Swiss Society for Natural Sciences 45/2. Basel 1910
  • Stadtgemeinde Stühlingen (Hrsg.), Hans Brandeck (pseud.): Volksschauspiele Stühlingen 1925 Stühlinger peasant uprising 1524/25 Volksschauspiel in 3 acts . Karl Schwab printing works, Stühlingen.
  • Hans Brandeck (pseud.): The Imperial Court on the Küssaburg (Zwingliburg), historical home game in 3 acts from the history of the Klettgau and the cantons of Zurich, Aargau and Schaffhausen (300 participants) open-air performance by the Reichsbund der Deutschen Freilicht Volksschauspiele e. V. on an ancient historical site, on the occasion of the 300th year. Return of the destruction of the Küssaburg (1634/1934), composition of the songs and texts by Karl Ueter . Publisher H. Zimmermann, Waldshut.
  • Wilhelm Hugo Mayer: Heimatbuch for the district Waldshut, 1925.
  • F. Honecker: The Great Peasants' War in the Waldshut district . Publisher H. Zimmermann, Waldshut 1926.
  • Gustav Bernhard: The old earthworks in Klettgau . Publisher H. Zimmermann, Waldshut 1926.
  • Theodor Pestalozzi-Kutter : Cultural history of the canton Schaffhausen and its neighboring areas . 3 volumes, Aarau and Leipzig 1928.
  • Verlag HA Bosch (ed.), Karl Schib (historical part): Local history of the canton of Schaffhausen . Meili, 1947.
  • Eduard Lais (Hrsg.), Hans Schneider (Hrsg.): Creative land between the Rhine and the Black Forest . Herder, Freiburg im Breisgau.
  • Eberhard Knittel (Hrsg.): Baden monographs of the cities and landscapes of the district of Waldshut, 1959.
  • Naturforschende Gesellschaft Schaffhausen (ed.), Ruth Blum and Otto Uehlinger (authors): New Year's sheet on the year 1956, 8th piece, Schaffhauser Heimat - Aus dem Klettgau .
  • Walter Laedrach (ed.), Walter Ulrich Guyan, Hans Steiner: Swiss home books Der Rheinfall . Paul Haupt publisher , 1958.
  • Hans Matt-Willmatt (uw), Schöne Heimat am Hochrhein - pictures of the people and their work in the Waldshut district . Südkurier, 1967.
  • Heinrich Hedinger: The Zurich Unterland . Paul Haupt Publishing House, Bern 1971.
  • Karl Hönn: The Upper Rhine from Constance to Basel, undated
  • Max Rieple : Rösselsprünge on the Upper Rhine . Steels and Friedel, 1976. ISBN 3811670336 .
  • Schaffhauser Nachrichten (ed.), Communities in our region . 1979, ISBN 3858010154 .

Literature (geology and paleontology)




Nature, photography, art

  • Erich Marek (photos), Werner Stoll (texts): In the green twilight . Oertel and Spörer. Reutlingen 1997. ISBN 3-88627-198-6
  • Cultural Department of the City of Waldshut-Tiengen (Ed.): Inge Regnat-Ulner . 1985.
  • Andreas Gruschke : The Upper Rhine. An Alemannic river landscape . Schillinger, Freiburg im Breisgau 1995, ISBN 3891551835
  • Manfred Bosch, Adelheid Enderle, Heinz Fricker, Reinhard Valenta: The Upper Rhine. Landscape and everyday life in old photographs . G. Braun, 1997, ISBN 3-7650-8157-4 .


  • Landfrauenverein Kadelburg (Ed.): Rural yesterday and today. Recipes. History of the place. This and That, 1991
  • Elisabethenverein Erzingen, Rechberg, Weisweil eV (Ed.): This is how it tastes in Klettgau, 2000
  • André Jaeger: La Cuisine de Bonheur. Recipes from the fishermen's guild. Schaffhausen. Edition Stemmle, 1990.

Yearbooks / series

Web links

Commons : Klettgau  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Klettgau  - Travel Guide

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Siegfried E. Kuss : Mastodonts on the Schienerberg, with descriptions of the point of discovery by A. Schreiner, (Freiburg i. Brsg.) In: Max Pfannenstiel (Hrsg.), Reports of the Natural Research Society in Freiburg im Breisgau , Volume 53, Issue 2, 1963 , P. 221.
  2. http://www.stratigraphie.de/std2002/download/STD2002_large.pdf
  3. ^ The white Jura in Klettgau and the neighboring Randen Mountains appeared in: Negotiations of the Natural Science Association Karlsruhe , Volume 2, 1866.
  4. http://www.freidok.uni-freiburg.de/schriftenreihen_ebene2.php?sr_id=30&la=de sheet 115 of the communications of the Badischer Botanischen Verein, 1894, p. 134.
  5. ^ Franz Falkenstein, Saurier bei Waldhaus - About the oldest fossils in the district, in: Heimat am Hochrhein Volume XVI., 1991, pp. 70 ff. ISBN 3-87799-097-5 .
  6. Frick Dinosaur Museum
  7. Ernst Stitzenberger, Overview of the Petrifications of Baden , 1851, p. 105.
  8. ^ Franz Falkenstein: The Placodushöhle near Lauchringen In: Heimat am Hochrhein, Volume XVII, 1992, pp. 92 ff. ISBN 3-87799-103-3 .
  9. Gerd Biegel, Erlebte Geschichte Forays through prehistory and early history around Ober- u. Hochrhein , 1985, p. 50.
  10. Jürgen Trumm, Roman Villas in Klettgau
  11. Chronicle Menzenschwand.
  12. StiASG , document FF3 L83. Online at e-chartae , accessed June 19, 2020.
  13. Maximilian Gottfried Friedrich Holtz, General Feldzeugmeister Georg Friedrich vom Holtz on Alfdorf, Hohenmühringen, Aichelberg etc., a portrait of life from the 17th century; Stuttgart, 1891, p. 36
  14. Christian Roder : Report on the defeat of the Klettgau farmers near Lottstetten on May 8, 1633; In: Journal for the history of the Upper Rhine, Volume 41, pp. 118–121
  15. ^ Hans Brandeck, History of the City of Tiengen, 1936, p. 130
  16. ↑ Searching for emigrants on LEO BW
  17. Michael Hunziker: Found thermal water , article in the Aargauer Zeitung from May 17, 2001.
  18. Otto Stiehl in: Reallexikon zur deutschen Kunstgeschichte , Otto Schmitt (Ed.), P. 294.
  19. ^ Rudolf Metz: Geologische Landeskunde des Hotzenwaldes , 1980.
  20. On the dry line of the beech: The downy oak forests of the Swabian Alb and Klettgau
  21. Air traffic in the Zurich area ( Memento of the original from July 14, 2017 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Radar traffic. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / radar.zhaw.ch
  22. ^ Website Segelfluggruppe Schaffhausen ( Memento of the original from April 18, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.schmerlat.ch
  23. ^ Website of the MCS Chamber Orchestra Schaffhausen .
  24. ^ Website of the South Black Forest Music School
  25. District Media Center
  26. City Archives Schaffhausen, PDF
  27. City Archives Schaffhausen PDF