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District town of Waldshut-Tiengen
Krenkingen coat of arms
Coordinates: 47 ° 40 ′ 57 ″  N , 8 ° 18 ′ 22 ″  E
Height : 534 m
Area : 7.58 km²
Residents : 259  (2015)
Population density : 34 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : July 1, 1974
Incorporated into: Tiengen / Upper Rhine
Postal code : 79761
Area code : 07741

Krenkingen is a village in the southern Black Forest , Hochrhein region , and a district of the large district town of Waldshut-Tiengen in the district of Waldshut in the southern Baden part of Baden-Württemberg in Germany .



Krenkingen is located in the southern Black Forest on the western slope of the Steinatal, which runs from north to south . The district extends over the ridge to the ravine in the west. The main town itself is at 531 m above sea level. NN.

Local division

The village of Krenkingen has two small hamlets, the Berghaus on the ridge and Hagnau in the west on the slope of the Schlucht .

Population development

Population of the main town including the hamlets Berghaus and Hagnau .

year Residents
1871 300
1900 230
1925 258
1939 265
1950 318
1961 278
1970 253
2004 245


The place Krenkingen is first mentioned as Chreinchingen in 1152. The ministerials , knights and barons of Krenkingen , 1202, Burch.miles et ministerialis domini Lutoldi de Kreinkingin first built the Altkrenkingen castle around the 11th century . The newer - built in the 13th century - and larger Krenkingen Castle , which is known as the Burgstall as early as 1361 (not to be confused with Neu-Krenkingen or Gut-Krenkingen Castle ) was about 100 m north of the Alt-Krenkingen ruins the same mountain shoulder, the Burghalde . The first Krenkinger was Adilhardus de Chreingingen , mentioned on All Saints' Day in Schaffhausen in 1102. The Krenkingers are considered to be the builders of Tiengen Castle . They owned large estates in Klettgau , the Gutenburg , the Weißenburg as well as Neukrenkingen Castle and Roggenbach Castle (there the Weißenburger Tower) and others. They provided abbots in the Rheinau monastery , Konstanz, Reichenau monastery and Strasbourg. The best-known representative of his family is the Abbot of Reichenau and Bishop of Constance, Diethelm von Krenkingen . The first name Diethelm is characteristic of the Krenkinger. The indebted barons had to sell the Gutenburg estate to Walter and Burkard von Hohenfels in 1361 . In 1482 the monastery of St. Blasien acquired the village from the lords of Rumlang.

Village fires

From a collection of single-sheet prints from the 16th century, an illustrated village fire of March 3, 1581 has come down to us, in which 7 houses with granaries and barns went up in flames. A text next to the illustration also notes that a man was burned and lists quantitatively the animals and natural objects that were prey to the flames.

In 1875 22 houses burned down in a major fire.


The first known church, which was just to the west of the present church, was in 1565 under Abbot I. Caspar built. Since the oldest bell in Krenkingen is much older, an even older church must have existed. The current church was built in 1766 and 1767. The church in Krenkingen has three very old bells.

  • The oldest bell is from 1505, has a diameter of 103 cm at the bell mouth and weighs approx. 800 kg. Josef Eger is noted as the bell founder.
  • The second oldest bell is from 1561, has a diameter of 90 cm at the bell mouth and weighs about 500 kg. The bell founder was H. Lamprecht.
  • The youngest bell comes from the time of the 30 Years War and dates from the year 1637. It has a diameter of 73 cm and weighs approx. 250 kg. The time of origin is described on the bell with "GREAT WAR AND TWITRE", the bell founder was Sebastian Zimmermann from Waldshut and the village surgeon, Caspar Fischer, is immortalized on the bell as a donor of 100 guilders.

Krenkingen was first parish in Tiengen and later in Aichen. In 1722 Krenkingen became an independent parish.

Political Affiliation

In the earliest times, Krenkingen was a community within the Krenkingen rulership, later a bailiwick under the Gutenburg monastery of St. Blasien and passed into this with the establishment of the St Blasian imperial rule of Bonndorf. As part of the reorganization of Europe under Napoleon, the St-Blasian places were successively assigned to different masters. In 1806, the coat of arms of the Kingdom of Württemberg was struck in the place for six months until the place finally fell to the Grand Duchy of Baden as part of an agreement to clean up the borders. On July 1, 1974, Krenkingen was incorporated into the city of Tiengen / Hochrhein. This merged with Waldshut on January 1st, 1975 to form the new town of Waldshut-Tiengen.



Krenkingen is a place within the meaning of Baden-Württemberg municipal law. The locality thus has a very limited self-government. The organs of this self-administration are the local council and the local councilor.


Since the incorporation into the large district town of Waldshut-Tiengen, the head of the local administration has been given the official title of local director .

The mayor is Frank Kaiser.

Mayor of the former municipality of Krenkingen

  • 1966–1974 Andreas Kaiser

Mayor of the village of Krenkingen

  • 1974–1982: Andreas Kaiser
  • 1982–2004: Dieter Schwenninger
  • since 2004: Frank Kaiser

Economy and Infrastructure

Transport links

The main traffic connection is the district road 6556, which leads from the road 158 in the Schlüchttal from Krenkingen after 2 km to the L 159 in the Steinatal.


  • cath. church
  • Krenkingen castle ruins
  • Parish hall


  • Diethelm von Krenkingen († 1206), abbot of the Reichenau monastery and since 1198 bishop of the diocese of Constance
  • Caspar Fischer , (* around 1690, † around 1663), Krenking surgeon, governor, church caretaker and author of a comprehensive manuscript on the medical knowledge of his time.
  • Dr. Johannes Fischer , (* 1613 in Krenkingen, † 1683 in Wels / A), City Physician in Linz, Privy Councilor in Salzburg, Country Physician in Wels.
  • Conrad Fischer , (born November 24, 1631 in Krenkingen; † June 6, 1701 Forbes , South Bohemia, today the Czech Republic), was a friar, professor and canonicer at Klosterneuburg Abbey on the Danube, later provost of Forbes Monastery.
  • Caspar Fischer (Jun.), (* Around 1620 in Krenkingen, † before 1696 in Krenkingen), was the son of the surgeon of the same name and, like him, church caretaker and bailiff.
  • Ferdinand Freiherr Fechtig von Fechtenberg (* 1756 in Krenkingen, † 1837), farmer's son, lawyer, Austrian minister of state and honorary citizen of the city of Vienna
  • Max Mutzke (* 1981 in Krenkingen), singer and participant in the Eurovision Song Contest 2004


  • Karl Heinrich Roth von Schreckenstein : Mr. Diethelm von Krenkingen, Abbot of Reichenau (1170–1206) and Bishop of Constanz (1189–1206), a loyal follower of King Philip. Contribution to the history of the bishops of Constanz. In: Journal for the History of the Upper Rhine (ZGO) Vol. 28, Issue 3, 1876, pp. 286–371.
  • Helmut Maurer : The Lords of Krenkingen and the land between the Black Forest and Randen. Studies on the history of a landscape-bound noble house in the 12th and 13th centuries 13th Century. Freiburg (Breisgau) 1963 (Freiburg (Breisgau), Diss., Feb. 20, 1963).
  • Helmut Maurer: The land between the Black Forest and Randen in the early and high Middle Ages. Royalty, nobility and monasteries as politically effective forces (= research on the history of the Upper Rhine region 16, ISSN  0532-2197 ). Albert, Freiburg (Breisgau) 1965 (includes the dissertation).
  • Uwe Ludwig: On the bailiff's dispute between Rheinau monastery and the Lords of Krenkingen. An unknown source in the Liber miraculorum of Bartholomew of Trento. In: Journal for the History of the Upper Rhine (ZGO). Vol. 139, 1991, pp. 479-488.
  • Max Blaschegg: The barons of Krenkingen and their Tiengen mint. In: Swiss archive for heraldry. Archivum heraldicum. Vol. 114, 2000, ISSN  1423-0534 , pp. 87-120.
  • Fridolin Fischer, Johannes Hug, Philipp Hug, and others; Protocol book of the municipality of Krenkingen from 1768; Manuscript with logs from 1768 to 1893.
  • Tomáš Hunčovský, Petr z Lindy a založení augustiniánského kláštera v Borovanech. Mezi tradicí a výzkumem, in: Martin Gaži (ed.), Památky jižních Čech 8, České Budějovice 2017, pp. 83–98, s. P. 83.
  • "On March 3rd, 1581, an entire farm burned down in Kränkingen" , 1581, colored pen drawing; Picture 28.7 × 19.5 cm; from Johann Jakob Wick: Collection of news on contemporary history from the years 1560–87.
  • M. Emmerich & K. Sutter, "Unchanged chimes in Krenkingen for 370 years", from: Land between the Upper Rhine and the Southern Black Forest: Contributions to the history of the Waldshut district, No. 15, 2008, pp. 106-107.

Individual evidence

  1. Thurgauer Urkundenbuch, Volume 2, p. 109
  2. ^ Certificate, GLA, Bettmaringen Office
  3. ^ Franz Ludwig Baumann: Allerheiligen , p. 66
  4. ^ Rudolf Metz: Geologische Landeskunde des Hotzenwalds , p. 936
  5. ^ Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 523 f .

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