Weißenburg Castle (Klettgau)

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Weissenburg Castle
Castle hill of Weißenburg in Klettgau near Weisweil

Castle hill of Weißenburg in Klettgau near Weisweil

Creation time : 11th century
Castle type : Hilltop castle
Conservation status: Burgstall, remains of the wall
Standing position : Krenkinger, Staufer , Habsburg, Count von Sulz, Prince Schwarzenberg
Place: Klettgau - Weisweil
Geographical location 47 ° 38 '19.6 "  N , 8 ° 26' 46.1"  E Coordinates: 47 ° 38 '19.6 "  N , 8 ° 26' 46.1"  E
Weissenburg Castle (Baden-Württemberg)
Weissenburg Castle

The Castle White Castle is an Outbound high medieval hilltop castle near Weisweil , a municipality Klettgau in the district of Waldshut in Baden-Württemberg . It is not to be confused with the Ganerbeburg Weißenburg in the Steinatal , the actual Roggenbach Castle .


Located on a small hill in a valley, the castle in Klettgau seems unprotected, but this is deceptive because the stream that still flows around the hill today, the Seegraben, once filled the entire valley into a swampy area. Access was actually only possible from the east side, where the Lunzihof or Burgstallhof is also known. The Seegraben flows into the Schwarzbach near Riedern am Sand .


The Weißenburg is one of the oldest castles in Klettgau, it is mentioned for the first time as Wizzinburc predium, () situm in pago Chlegeuwe in comitatu Radebotonis comitis on October 29, 1023 on the occasion of a donation by Emperor Heinrich II to the Rheinau monastery according to a document in the Rheinauer Cartular. Presumably it was built by Rheinau Abbey between 1023 and 1092.

First, the Lords of Weissenburg were appointed as Klostervögte, after these have been around 1173 the Counts of Lenzburg lords of the castle, this was followed by a decree King Otto IV. On February 9, 1209 with the rain salvors related Krenkinger . When Diethelm von Krenkingen was abbot of the Rheinau monastery from 1157 to 1161, the latter also took over the protective bailiff over the Rheinau monastery, but as early as May 1241 , Diethelm von Krenkingen and his confirmed in the city of Faenza , which was captured by Friedrich II on April 14th Sons Werner and Diethelm waived and sold the Vogtrecht for 1200 Marks of silver to Emperor Friedrich II. On August 17, 1241, Emperor Friedrich II confirmed the repurchase in a document issued in castris prope Tibur , including 34 surrounding villages, including Wizinburch and Nova -Crenkingen, the emperor also reminds of the old rights of emperors Barbarossa and emperor Heinrich VI. (his grandfather and father).

Already in 1243 there were disputes and the Krenkingers managed to regain power in the turmoil after the death of Konradin in 1268. In the spring of 1288 Rudolf II besieged the castle for several weeks when his father Rudolf von Habsburg rushed to his aid from Colmar and they finally succeeded in destroying the walls. Today only a few remains of the wall are visible. In the Breisgau archive it is referred to as Wißenburg in 1315, presumably (as it was later) only as a designation of origin for those of Krenkingen, nothing has survived of a reconstruction or further destruction. Tiefenstein Castle was a similar old castle .


  • Heinz Voellner: The castles and palaces between the Wutach Gorge and the Rhine , 1975
  • Helmut Maurer: The Rheinauer Klostervögte and the Klettgau in the 13th century . In: Schaffhauser Contributions , Issue 48, 1971

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Albert Krieger: Topographical Dictionary of the Grand Duchy of Baden , 1905, column 1406
  2. Helmut Maurer: The Rheinauer Klostervögte and the Klettgau in the 13th century . In: Schaffhauser contributions , issue 48, 1971, p. 113
  3. Böhmer Reg. Imperii, 1198–1272, ed. Fickler, p. 85
  4. Huillard – Bréholles, Hist. diploma. Frider. II., Volume V. pp. 1129-1130 et al. 1159-1161
  5. Heinz Voellner: The castles and palaces between Wutach Gorge and Rhine , 1975, p. 52ff.