Alemannic Institute

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the main entrance

The Alemannic Institute Freiburg i. Br. E. V. is an association of scientists , which is the regional studies exploring the alemannisch - Swabian chamber's goal. The Alemannic Institute has around 200 members from almost all scientific disciplines, such as geography , geology , German studies , history , dialectology , land maintenance , botany , forestry , regional planning , archeology , legal history , art and architectural history , forensic medicine , sociology and others.


It was founded in 1931 at the suggestion of the then Reich Minister of the Interior, Joseph Wirth, as a non-university research institution. Wirth had already got to know the Institute for Historical Regional Studies of the Rhineland in Bonn . There they had moved away from the traditional history of the state and dynasty and placed the historical landscape in the foreground. This innovative approach served as a model for the Alemannic Institute in Freiburg . During the founding period, there was a current of thought that demanded increased attention for foreign and border Germanism . This ranged from rather apolitical research to calls for a revision of the borders. Wirth tried to win the University of Freiburg as a sponsor, but this refused because they feared negative reactions from neighboring countries. Upon request, the city of Freiburg under Lord Mayor Karl Bender agreed to take over the sponsorship. In terms of content, the institute was initially headed by a board of trustees that primarily promoted prehistoric and early historical work, but was dissolved in 1934. In 1935, Theodor Mayer took over the management from Freiburg University and now focused on research into the Middle Ages . This led to a falling out with the National Socialist Lord Mayor of Freiburg Franz Kerber . Mayer was replaced by the geographer and co-founder of the Volksdeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Friedrich Metz . Both Theodor Mayer and Friedrich Metz were members of the NSDAP and the institute oriented its research on National Socialist ideas. In 1943 the institute came under the supervision of the Reich Security Main Office of the SS . The Swiss military historian Hans-Rudolf Fuhrer writes that Metz carried out national research on the Alemannic region from the Upper Rhine to Vorarlberg and the Monte Rosa massif .

After the end of the war, the French occupying powers dissolved the institute. In 1951 it was re-established as an association, which in turn was headed by Friedrich Metz as managing director and deputy chairman. The theologian Arthur Allgeier was chairman until 1957 , then Metz took over the chairmanship. Metz had been suspended from his position at the University of Freiburg since the end of the war. From 1955 he headed both the newly created chair for geography and regional studies at the University of Freiburg and the Alemannic Institute. In 1962 the Freiburg theologian Wolfgang Müller followed , and from 1983 the geographer Wolf-Dieter Sick . The events were now increasingly aimed at the public.

The report of the Federal Audit Office and the proposal to dissolve the institute led to an intensive discussion in 1999 about the tasks of the institute, with the focus on the professional networking of scientists. The institute received a lot of support and could be preserved.


The institute acts as a link between science and the interested public through regional studies publications, the organization of specialist lectures and conferences as well as the organization of regional studies lecture series and excursions. In addition, the association promotes cooperation with other regional and regional history institutions. The aim of the institute is to promote cooperation and knowledge about scientific research in and on the Alemannic area in an interdisciplinary manner and to make it known. "Knowledge of the local landscape, its natural conditions and its historical roots is beneficial for the development of personal identity, indeed necessary, and strengthens the integration of the individual in society".


The institute is a registered association sponsored by the state of Baden-Württemberg . In addition to the main office in Freiburg, the Alemannic Institute maintains a working group at the University of Tübingen .

Werner Konold has been the chairman of the Alemannic Institute since April 2014 . His predecessor was the Provincial Roman archaeologist Hans Ulrich Nuber from 2001 to 2014 .

Together with Dieter Speck and Sigrid Hirbodian, he forms the board. R. Johanna Regnath has been the managing director since 2006 .

Since 2006 the office has moved to the city center (Bertoldstrasse 45) and has a regional specialist library with over 25,000 volumes.


  • The Alemannic Institute. 75 Years of Cross-Border Communication and Research (1931–2006) , ed. from the Alemannic Institute Freiburg im Breisgau. Freiburg and Munich 2007; therein, among others
    • Franz Quarthal : The Alemannic Institute from its foundation to the end of the Second World War , pp. 47–96 ( digitized version ).
    • Jürgen Klöckler : From the Alemannic Institute to the "Upper Rhine Institute for Historical Regional Studies". Theodor Mayer as a science organizer in the “Third Reich” , pp. 135–142 ( digitized version ).
    • Jörg Stadelbauer : Fighter for the structure, location and profile of the Alemannic Institute - Friedrich Metz (1938–1945; 1952–1962) , pp. 143–154 ( digitized version ).

Web links


  1. ^ A b c d R. Johanna Regnath: The Alemannic Institute Freiburg eV - Organization - History - Tasks. In: Alemannisches Institut. Retrieved September 18, 2019.
  2. Hans Rudolf Fuhrer : Espionage against Switzerland, The secret German intelligence services against Switzerland in the Second World War 1939-1945. Frauenfeld 1982, ISBN 3274000035 , p. 67.

Coordinates: 47 ° 59 ′ 44.8 "  N , 7 ° 50 ′ 41.1"  E