|Canton :||Aargau (AG)|
|Residential municipality :||Brugg|
|Postal code :||5116|
|former BFS no. :||4114|
|Area :||1.90 km²|
|Population density :||713 inhabitants per km²|
Proportion of foreigners :
|29.5% (December 31, 2019)|
Schinznach-Bad ( Swiss German : ˈʃɪntsˌnɑχ pɑd ) is a village in the Swiss canton of Aargau . Until the end of 2019 it was an independent community in the Brugg district and then merged with neighboring Brugg on January 1, 2020 . The community, which was called Birrenlauf until 1938 , is of great tourist importance due to the sulphurous thermal spring in Bad Schinznach .
Sometimes the former municipality name is also written without a hyphen (for example in the official register of municipalities in Switzerland from 1986). The hyphenated version has been the officially correct spelling since 2003.
The village is on the right bank of the Aare , halfway between Lenzburg and Brugg . The Aare forms the western boundary of the municipality. At the dam of the hydropower plant northwest of the village center, the Aare divides into the old course and the headwater canal. In between is the approximately four kilometers long and an average of 150 meters wide Schacheninsel, which extends as far as Brugg. Schinznach-Bad itself has no part in this island created by alluvial debris. The eastern boundary of the municipality is formed by the steep slopes of Scherzberg and Eihalden. The village extends over a length of around two kilometers on the site terrace above the river bank.
The area of the former municipality is 190 hectares , of which 72 hectares are covered with forest and 90 hectares are built over. The highest point is on the Scherzberg at 508 meters, the lowest at 340 meters on the Aare. Neighboring communities were Villnachern in the north, Brugg in the northeast, Habsburg and Lupfig in the east, Holderbank in the south, Veltheim in the southwest and Schinznach in the west.
The first documentary mention of Birrenlauf, as the community was previously called, goes back to 1064. At that time, the Habsburgs transferred the courts in Biralophon to the Muri monastery , which now exercised spiritual sovereignty. The place name comes from the Old High German (ze) bircholoufeon and means "near the birch waterfalls". The village belonged to Eigenamt , the oldest possession of the Habsburgs, whose headquarters are only a few kilometers away on the Wülpelsberg. In 1397 they transferred the land and court rule to the Königsfelden monastery in Windisch . In 1415 the city of Bern conquered western Aargau and added self-office to its subject areas in Bernese Aargau . After the Reformation was introduced in 1528, the Königsfelden monastery was secularized , whereupon Bern converted its own office into the Königsfelden Landvogtei and now exercised all rights.
In 1654 a sulfur-containing spring was discovered in the municipality of Schinznach , but it was buried by a flood in 1670. The Schinznach spring was rediscovered in 1691, but this time on the right bank of the river near Birrenlauf. As a result, numerous buildings for the spa were built, but the new spa was named after Schinznach. The spa was the founding place of the Helvetic Society in 1761 , which aimed to radically change the existing ruling structures. In 1798 the time had come: the Helvetic Revolution , supported by France , ended the rule of the «Gracious Lords» of Bern. Since then, the community has belonged to the canton of Aargau.
However, the political turmoil had little impact on the spa business, which continued to flourish. Many guests who came to «Schinznach Bad» were not aware of the fact that they were actually staying in the community of Birrenlauf. When the Schweizerische Nordostbahn opened a station called Schinznach-Bad on May 15, 1858 and the post office later followed suit, this often led to confusion. For this reason, the municipality officially renamed itself Schinznach-Bad in 1938, while the original Schinznach was given the addition of "village". In 1952, a hydroelectric power station was built at the southern end of Schacheninsel . During the 20th century the population increased almost tenfold.
On April 5, 2009, the voters of Schinznach-Bad agreed to a merger with the neighboring communities of Oberflachs , Schinznach-Dorf and Villnachern to form the new community of Schenkenberg. However, it did not materialize because Veltheim refused it. The subsequently initiated merger project without Veltheim also failed in a poll on October 25, 2009, when the voters of Villnachern rejected the project. On March 4, 2018, the voters of Schinznach-Bad narrowly agreed to a planned merger with Brugg. The Bruges electorate also approved the merger on January 1, 2020.
In Bad Schinznach some buildings from the early years of the spa business have been preserved. The then source owner and cathedral builder Samuel Jenner had a guest house built in 1696, and in 1703/04 a parallel counterpart was added. Both buildings were connected to each other by a transverse wing in 1706/08. In 1824/27 the architect Hans Conrad Stadler added a semicircular round building in the classical style. The park includes the spa chapel, built in 1881, which was expanded with donations from spa guests and whose interior is kept in surreal baroque style. The spa park was designed by Evariste Mertens .
coat of arms
The blazon of the municipal coat of arms reads: "A yellow crescent moon rising in blue over three white waves, accompanied by two five-pointed yellow stars." The municipality of Birrenlauf, as Schinznach-Bad was called earlier, has had a coat of arms on the municipal seal since 1872, which showed a ferryman on a rowing boat, accompanied by two pears. Since the motif was questionable from a heraldic point of view and no longer matched the new name of the municipality, a new coat of arms was introduced in 1952. The waves symbolize the Aare, while the crescent moon and the stars result in the folk etymological place-name interpretation "shint z'Nacht" (seems to be in the night).
The population developed as follows:
On December 31, 2019, 1354 people lived in Schinznach-Bad, the proportion of foreigners was 29.5%. In the 2015 census, 28.2% described themselves as Reformed and 23.6% as Roman Catholic ; 48.2% were non-denominational or of another faith. In the 2000 census, 80.8% stated German as their main language, 5.6% Serbo-Croatian , 2.5% Albanian , 2.0% each of Italian and Turkish , 1.8% Spanish and 1.1% French .
Politics and law
The assembly of those entitled to vote, the municipal assembly , exercises legislative power. The executing authority is the five-member municipal council . He is elected by the people in the majority procedure, his term of office is four years. The parish council leads and represents the parish. To this end, it implements the resolutions of the municipal assembly and the tasks assigned to it by the canton. The Brugg District Court is the first instance responsible for legal disputes . Schinznach-Bad belongs to the Circle of Justice of the Peace VIII (Brugg).
According to the company structure statistics (STATENT) collected in 2015, there are around 1,400 jobs in Schinznach-Bad, 12% of them in industry and 88% in the service sector. The economic life is mainly shaped by Bad Schinznach, which is located around one kilometer north of the village center. These include the private clinic Im Park, the rehabilitation clinic “aarReha”, the Kurhotel Im Park, the thermal baths Thermi spa and Aquarena fun, an extensive park and a 9-hole golf course . Another important employer is AMAG , the largest car importer in Switzerland (all brands of the Volkswagen group).
The busy main road 5 , the direct connection between Brugg in the north and Aarau in the south-west (around 10,000 to 15,000 vehicles per day), crosses the village in a north-south direction. From this the canton road 399 branches off to Lupfig . The A3 motorway crosses the Aare about two kilometers north of the village. One of the main east-west lines of the SBB runs through Schinznach-Bad . Regional trains to Aarau, Brugg and Baden stop at the station . There is also a post bus line from the spa center to Brugg train station . On weekends there is a night bus from Brugg via Schinznach-Bad and Schinznach to Thalheim .
The community has a kindergarten and a primary school . The Realschule and the secondary school can be attended in Veltheim , the district school also in Schinznach-Dorf. The closest grammar schools are the Baden Cantonal School and the Wettingen Cantonal School . A physiotherapy training center has been located on the thermal bath area since 1991 .
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