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Flag of Triesen
Triesen coat of arms
coat of arms
Country: LiechtensteinLiechtenstein Principality of Liechtenstein
Constituency : Oberland
Municipality number : 7002
License plate : FL
Postal code : 9495
Coordinates : 758 808  /  219 568 coordinates: 47 ° 6 '29 "  N , 9 ° 31' 52"  O ; CH1903:  758,808  /  two hundred and nineteen thousand five hundred and sixty-eight
Height: 512  m above sea level M.
Surface: 26.479  km²
Residents: 5230 (June 30, 2019)
Population density : 198 inhabitants per km²
Proportion of foreigners : 36.0% (June 30, 2017)
Eschen Eschen Gamprin Mauren Ruggell Schellenberg Balzers Balzers Balzers Planken Schaan Schaan Schaan Triesen Triesenberg Triesenberg Vaduz Vaduz Vaduz Vaduz VaduzLocation of the municipality of Triesen in the Principality of Liechtenstein (clickable map)
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Location map of Triesen in the Principality of Liechtenstein

Triesen ( dialect : Tresa ) is a municipality in the Oberland of the Principality of Liechtenstein . It is located in the southwest of the country and, with around 5,000 inhabitants, is the third largest municipality in the principality.


Triesen (Liechtenstein)
Alps of the municipality of Triesen

The village of Triesen lies at the foot of the Rätikon on the debris cone of a large post-glacial landslide and the adjacent Rhine plain. The highest point in the municipality of Triesen and Liechtenstein is the Grauspitz at 2599 m above sea level. M . Triesen borders Vaduz in the north, Triesenberg in the northeast , Balzers in the south and Wartau in the Swiss canton of St. Gallen in the west . In the mountain area it meets the Vaduzer Alp Pradamee , Steg and the Alpelti (Triesenberg), the Balzner Alp Gapfahl and the Schaaner Alp Gritsch as well as the Graubünden municipalities of Maienfeld and Fläsch .


The municipal area includes rheintal side the Alps Lawena and Wang and the Saminatal Alp Valüna. The three Alps belonged to the municipality of Triesen as early as the 17th century and were transferred to the Triesen citizens' cooperative in 2004 .

Lawenatobel, seen from Triesen. The basin-like Lawenatal is the only high valley in Liechtenstein that flows into the Rhine Valley.

Lawena belonged to the village of Triesen when it was first mentioned around 1509/17. In 1595, Alp Lawena was assigned to the comrades in Triesner Oberdorf and Alp Valüna to Triesner Unterdorf. After storms and a rock fall destroyed part of the pastures in the Lawena in the second half of the 17th century, the division of the Alps was abolished in 1718. From 1882 to 1900 the Lawena was opened up with a driveway. At the end of the 1950s, the dairy ceased operations. In 1967/68 an avalanche-proof alpine and tourist hut with stable was built on the Säss.
In 1915 the municipality of Triesen ceded the source rights of the upper Lawena valley to the State of Liechtenstein, which built the Lawena power plant until 1927 . The remote, geologically interesting Lawenatal is a refuge for alpine flora and fauna . The high hunting area Lawena also includes Alp Wang and has a size of 1,307 hectares. A hunting lodge built in 1938 below the alpine hut was taken over in 1963 by the municipality of Triesen.

Alp Wang on the Rätikon western slope on the Rhine valley side is the highest part of the former Triesner Ochsenalp, mentioned in 1617/19. When the Alpelti was sold to Triesenberg in 1403, the Triesner Alps Wang and Valüna were spatially separated from each other. In addition to oxen , Galtvieh , sheep and cows were summered on the Wang . The alp was often leased to outsiders. Upward and downward movements took place via Sücka and the Alpelti until 1895 . It was not until the Lawenastrasse and in 1892 the cattle drive to Wang were built that access to the Rhine valley was made possible; however, there is no route.

Alp Valüna in the southern Saminatal has three alpine levels: Valünasäss, Waldboda and Obersäss. The Kuhalp was first mentioned in 1378 when Count Heinrich V von Werdenberg-Sargans-Vaduz sold Valüna to the village of Triesen. Landvogt Josef Schuppler described Valüna as the best Liechtenstein alp in 1815. After an avalanche in the Valünasäss stables and the two dairy huts tore away, today's dairy hut and stable were built. Up to an avalanche in 1999, there was also a Sennhütte and stable in Obersäss.
The 1289 hectare high hunting area of ​​Valüna also includes Gritsch , Gapfahl , Alpelti and Chleistäg .

Alp origin of the name Owner Total area Pasture area Alpine building source
Lawena alt rät.rom. lavé (g) na (avalanche) Citizens' Cooperative Triesen 743.8 ha 209 ha 1525  m above sea level M.
Wang old high wang (grassy steep slope) 111 ha 28 ha 1735 m above sea level M.
Valuna alträt.rom. valüglia (little valley) 498 ha 130 ha Valünasäss: 1409 m above sea level M.
Waldboda: 1557 m above sea level. M.
Obersäss: 1646 m above sea level. M.


The settlements of Triesen (Liechtenstein) were, as the regional archaeologists discovered during excavations, destroyed in natural disasters. The detailed picture of the town of Triesen shows that all settlement phases were ended by the forces of nature. This is not surprising, as the average temperatures were a few degrees higher than today and repeatedly led to heavy rain events. In 2005 the first traces of settlement were discovered in the municipality. The remains of a mighty terracing or surrounding wall were excavated, as well as traces of a building with a fireplace. Using the C14 analysis, the site could be traced back to the Middle Bronze Age around 1600–1400 BC To be dated. As a result, other Bronze Age buildings and settlement remains were found. Underneath was a house about 20 m² in size, in which parts of the rammed earth floor and the hearth could be documented. The other traces showed a settlement pattern that dates from the 13th to the 5th century BC. Chr. Extended. In 2011, the oldest finding was an area of ​​around 28 square meters with a small-scale, very carefully laid stone paving, which can probably be dated to the late Bronze Age (1200–900 BC). Remnants of a fireplace and a charred wooden beam suggest a building on the square. During the Bronze Age, the area was terraced and secured against the nearby Eichholzbach. Traces of Iron Age settlers were found here - probably from the 7th – 5th centuries. Century BC Seven pits of unclear function and a small fireplace belong to the same period. The corner of a dry stone wall indicates a building.

It has been proven that the Bronze Age and Iron Age settlements were destroyed several times by floods and landslides. The residents tried to counter the danger by using terraces and protective walls. Success was not granted to them, because thick layers of rubble or sand mark the end of the respective settlement.


Triesen with the house «Linde» at the beginning of the 20th century

The village of Triesen, built on an old landslide cone, was first mentioned in 1155. The name Triesen is derived from the family of the Knights of Trisun (hence the original name Trisuna), who ruled the area of ​​the municipality in the Middle Ages. The castle of the Knights of Trisun rose above the village at the point where the St. Mamerta Chapel stands today. The knights were servants of the Counts of Montfort-Feldkirch. A Ulrich von trisun was canon to Chur. Under King Rudolf von Habsburg , the noble maiden Guta von Trisun was elected abbess of the noble women's monastery in Lindau .

On the hill north of St. Mamerten there was once the residence of the Knights of Schiel and on a hill near Garnis the seat of the noble von Richenstein . A Roman road once ran in the area of ​​the Triesner Oberdorf . Street names on the hillside still remind of this today.

Triesen was affected by witch trials from 1598 to 1680 , in which several people fell victim. Katharina Gassnerin was one of the last convicted . The Triesner pastor Valentin von Kriss contributed to the end of the witch hunt . In the period that followed, a legend about the Tobelhockern was formed .

In 1863 a cotton weaving mill was put into operation in Triesen. The former production building has been a listed building since 1996.

In 1913, numerous houses in the municipal area burned down in the largest Liechtenstein fire disaster of the 20th century.

Triesen was - together with Triesenberg and Balzers - one of the last three communities in Liechtenstein to allow women to vote on the community level on April 20, 1986 .


The coat of arms of the municipality of Triesen consists of a shield with three superimposed silver scythes on a blue background. The design of the flag of the municipality of Triesen is divided horizontally: the upper field is blue, the lower field is silver. The logo of the municipality of Triesen consists of two squares lying on top of one another: the upper one contains the coat of arms of the municipality of Triesen, the lower one is colored silver. The municipal coat of arms is designed after the coat of arms of the noble von Trisun - the oldest local noble family in Triesen (first mentioned in 1273; knight Ulrich «De Trisuns»).


Municipal election 2015
( n.k. )


The community leader is Daniela Wellenzohn-Erne (VU). In the municipal election (second ballot) on April 14, 2019, she received 53.4% ​​of the valid votes. Egbert Sprenger (FBP) has been the vice chairman since the 2019 election. The municipal council has eleven seats including the head of the municipality:

  • FBP : 5 seats (−1)
  • VU : 6 seats (+1)
  • DU : 0 seats (−1)
  • FL : 0 seats (± 0)


At the end of 2014 there were more than 3,600 jobs in Triesen, of which around 1,500 were occupied by cross-border commuters. The Swarovski AG is with around 670 employees the greatest work Submitters of the community is. In addition, the office also is the Hoval AG in part on Triesner municipality.

The Liechtenstein public service broadcaster has its headquarters with its Radio Liechtenstein program.

For alpine farming see Triesenberg Alps


Parish Church of St. Gallus
  • The parish church of St. Gallus was built in 1455 and converted into a square hall church in 1994. Inside there is a wooden coffered ceiling from 1942. Today there is a late Gothic carved winged altar in the choir, which Ludwig von Brandis originally donated in 1492 for the St. Mamerta Chapel .
  • The St. Mamerta Chapel (or St. Mamertus ) in Triesner Oberdorf is the oldest chapel in the country. It was built in the 9th or early 10th century. Trisun Castle - the seat of the nobles of Trisun - once stood on the site of today's chapel . In the tower of the chapel you can still see the remains of the castle from the 12th century.
  • The Marienkapelle , a Romanesque building from the early 13th century, was restored in 1964.
  • The Kosthaus was a workers' house built in 1873 at the instigation of the cotton manufacturer Caspar Jenny by the architect Hilarius Knobel . It is considered the oldest surviving apartment building in Liechtenstein and was the largest residential building in the country for a long time. This cultural asset and monument was protected and placed under monument protection in 2006 due to its special importance for the country. The tenement-like , four- story building consisted of two eight-family houses assembled together, which offered space for 16 families. Each of the residential units had a living room, a kitchen and two bedrooms. As with almost all workers' houses, a vegetable garden for self-sufficiency was an important part of the facility. The building was completely renovated from 2008 and reopened as a day care center in November 2009.
  • Gasometer cultural center : The gasometer is located on the site of the former cotton weaving mill and has been offering a program of art exhibitions, themed exhibitions, events and other cultural activities in the fields of visual arts, music, theater, dance and literature for several years. The cultural center of the municipality of Triesen is located in the part of the cotton weaving mill that also includes the old gasometer tower. This tower, in which gas for the lighting of the factory was still stored around 120 years ago, gives the cultural center in Triesen its name.
  • Historic village center : The course through the settlement center of Triesen leads the walker from the Rhine plain over a hundred meters up through a millennium of eventful history to the early medieval chapel of St. Mamerta above the settlement. Every meter of altitude leads back into the past, because the foundation stone of Triesen was laid on the slope at a time when the valley floor still belonged to the Rhine without restrictions.
  • Rhine dam
  • The panorama path initially leads as a road through a natural pasture and hedge landscape, until it finally crosses the extremely steep slope above the village as a forest path. Depending on the season and the level of vegetation, the panorama path occasionally offers a view of Triesen and its surroundings on either side of the Rhine.
  • Lawena power plant (in operation since 1927) of the Liechtenstein power plants , with a museum for the history of electrification in the Principality of Liechtenstein


Sons and daughters of the Triesen community

Other personalities

  • Katharina Gassnerin (before 1650, † after 1681), was convicted in a witch trial, but survived.
  • Valentin von Kriss (1630–1692), pastor in Triesen 1664 to 1692, fighter against the witch hunt .
  • Karl Minst (born April 26, 1898, † June 10, 1984 in Lorsch ), monastery administrator and honorary citizen of Lorsch
  • Oskar Werner (1922–1984), Austrian film and stage actor, lived in Triesen since 1952, where he was also buried.

Web links

Commons : Triesen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wiktionary: Triesen  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Tables of population statistics. (XLS; 345  kB ) June 30, 2019. Statistical Office (AS), Principality of Liechtenstein, accessed on December 24, 2019 .
  2. population statistics. ( PDF ; 913  kB ) June 30, 2017. Statistical Office (AS), Principality of Liechtenstein, p. 15 , accessed on January 31, 2018 .
  3. ^ Fabian Frommelt, Konrad Kindle, Ulrike Mayr: Triesen. In: Historical Lexicon of the Principality of Liechtenstein . December 31, 2011 .
  4. ^ A b Fabian Frommelt: Lawena. In: Historical Lexicon of the Principality of Liechtenstein . December 31, 2011 .
  5. a b Fabian Frommelt: Wang. In: Historical Lexicon of the Principality of Liechtenstein . December 31, 2011 .
  6. a b Fabian Frommelt: Valüna. In: Historical Lexicon of the Principality of Liechtenstein . December 31, 2011 .
  7. Map excerpt from Swisstopo, accessed on April 22, 2019
  8. The meteorologist speaks of heavy rain events when more than five liters of rain per square meter fall within five minutes or more than 17 liters of rain per square meter within 60 minutes.
  9. ^ Triesen municipality
  10. Employment statistics December 31, 2014. Statistical Office (AS), Principality of Liechtenstein, p. 56 (jobs) and p. 71 (cross-border commuters), accessed on March 27, 2016 ( PDF ; 809 kB )
  11. See also the Triesen community's culture and nature trail
  12. ^ Honorary citizen Karl Josef Minst memorial sheet of the municipality of Lorsch ( PDF ; 248 kB ), accessed on March 27, 2016