Ruth Dreifuss (born January 9, 1940 in St. Gallen ; resident in Endingen ) is a Swiss politician ( SP ) and former Federal Councilor . In 1999 she was elected both the first female and Jewish Federal President of Switzerland .
Ruth Dreifuss was the second child of the married couple Sidney Dreifuss (1899–1956) and Jeanne Bicard (1905–1962) after their brother Hans Jakob (* 1936). The parents met in St. Gallen at a Jewish community ball. Her father originally worked in the textile industry, later he worked in the war food office , which is why the family moved to Bern in 1942 . At the end of the war, Sidney Dreifuss' employment with the federal government became superfluous and in September 1945 he entered a new industry: he founded a company for importing and exporting fruit. The family moved to Geneva , where Ruth Dreifuss attended kindergarten for the first time in 1945 until she started school in the "École de Sécheron" in 1947. She then attended the first girls' secondary school on Rue Neckar, whereupon she graduated from business school. Her plan was to train to be a social worker. Since she was still too young for this at 18 - the Geneva Ecole d 'études sociales required a minimum age of 19 - she decided to go to work for a year. On August 29, 1958, she started working as a hotel receptionist at the Kurhaus Cademario in the canton of Ticino . In the spring of 1959 she returned to Geneva and enrolled at the social worker school. In addition, she attended lectures in psychiatry and philosophy at the University of Geneva , with Jeanne Hersch , among others . Ruth Dreifuss worked as a journalist from 1961 to 1964 before taking the Matura examination in 1967
Ruth Dreifuss then studied economics in Geneva. From 1972 to 1991 she worked for the Directorate for Development Cooperation and Humanitarian Aid (DEH) (today: Directorate for Development and Cooperation, SDC), then as central secretary at the Swiss Confederation of Trade Unions .
Today (2018) she is active as President of the Global Commission on Drug Policy (World Commission on Drug Policy ).
Work as a Federal Councilor
She was elected to the Federal Council on March 10, 1993 as successor to BR René Felber , also from the SP, and then became head of the Federal Department of Home Affairs (FDHA). She made a significant contribution to the development and implementation of the KVG , which came into force on January 1, 1996. Likewise, with the 10th AHV revision with the enforcement of the spouse splitting and the education credits, it set decisive accents for the equality of women. Even during her tenure, she advocated paid maternity leave, but a corresponding proposal only met with approval from the Swiss electorate two years after her resignation. Her election was preceded by the non-election of the official candidate Christiane Brunner and a violent women's protest against the election of Francis Matthey (see also Brunner Effect ). At that time, Francis Matthey, who was already elected to the Federal Council by the United Federal Assembly, did not accept the election. Otherwise Matthey might have threatened to be expelled from the party. Dreifuss was head of the Federal Department of Home Affairs. In 1999 she was Federal President . Ruth Dreifuss resigned on December 31, 2002.
After Elisabeth Kopp, Ruth Dreifuss was the second woman and the first person with a Jewish background to be elected to the Federal Council. She was also the first woman to hold the office of Federal President. She was also the second BR member of the SP to head the EDI after BR Hans-Peter Tschudi .
- The 7 federal councilors. In: SRF 1 , DOK of November 29, 2018 (50 min) ( video excerpts ).
- Jennifer Breger: Biography of Ruth Dreifuss , Jewish Women Encyclopedia (English)
- Isabella Maria Fischli : Dreifuss is our name. One politician, one family, one country. Pendo Verlag, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-86612-006-0
- Ruth Dreifuss in the Munzinger archive ( beginning of article freely accessible)
- Thomas Schibler: Ruth Dreifuss. In: Historical Lexicon of Switzerland . September 3, 2009 , accessed December 14, 2019 .
- Literature by and about Ruth Dreifuss in the catalog of the German National Library
- Ruth Dreifuss. In: admin.ch
- Ruth Dreifuss in the history of social security in Switzerland
- Dossier on the resignation of Ruth Dreifuss
- Ruth Dreifuss in the archive database of the Swiss Federal Archives
- ↑ Isabella Fischli : Dreifuss is our name. One politician, one family, one country. Pendo Verlag, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-86612-006-0 , p. 88
- ↑ Isabella Fischli : Dreifuss is our name. One politician, one family, one country. Pendo Verlag, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-86612-006-0 , p. 112
- ↑ Isabella Fischli : Dreifuss is our name. One politician, one family, one country. Pendo Verlag, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-86612-006-0 , p. 179
- ↑ Isabella Fischli : Dreifuss is our name. One politician, one family, one country. Pendo Verlag, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-86612-006-0 , p. 261
- ↑ Ruth Dreifuss . In: The Global Commission on Drug Policy . ( globalcommissionondrugs.org [accessed September 19, 2018]).
- ↑ https://www.parlament.ch/centers/documents/de/wa-br-ruth-dreifuss-amtszeit.pdf , accessed on April 16, 2020.
- ↑ http://pk-netz.ch/2016/03/08/ein-knick-nach-oben/
- ↑ https://www.geschichtedersozialensicherheit.ch/akteure/bundesraetinnen-und-bundesraete/dreifuss-ruth/ ! accessed on April 22, 2020
- ↑ Isabella Fischli : Dreifuss is our name. One politician, one family, one country. Pendo Verlag, Zurich 2003, ISBN 3-86612-006-0 , p. 11
Member of the Swiss Federal Council
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||Swiss politician (SP)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 9, 1940|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||St. Gallen|