Granitz Hunting Lodge
The castle is located in the middle of the approximately one thousand hectare forest area of the Granitz in the municipality of Binz , which has been part of the Southeast Rügen Biosphere Reserve since 1991 .
The name Tempelberg for the highest mountain in the Granitz comes from the 18th century, when a small hexagonal belvedere still stood on the site of today's castle . The quickest way to get to the castle from the Baltic Sea resort of Binz is with the Rügen small train or the Jagdschlossexpress .
The Granitz belonged to the Lords of Putbus since 1472 . Count Moritz Ulrich I had the two-storey hunting lodge “Solitüde” built with two free-standing pavilions in a forest clearing in 1726. 1730 was built nearby, on the highest elevation of the Granitz, high Tempelberg , a two-story half-timbered Belvedere , which has developed into a popular excursion destination. This was demolished in 1810 in order to build a new observation tower in the form of a medieval keep in its place. However, this project was not carried out. Instead, the hunting lodge was first modernized in 1814 in the neo-Gothic style.
As early as 1807 Wilhelm Malte I zu Putbus (1783-1854) had been raised to the status of Swedish prince by Gustav IV Adolf . From about 1830 he had plans to build a hunting lodge on the Temple Mount. In the years 1837 to 1846 it was built on his behalf on the site of the former belvedere. Since work was almost only done in the summer months, the construction of the castle, which cost almost 100,000 thalers, took a relatively long time. The interior design took even longer. The Granitz hunting lodge was built by the Berlin architect and builder Johann Gottfried Steinmeyer (1780–1854) in the style of the north Italian Renaissance fort. It is provided with four corner towers and a central tower. Various exhibitions can be visited in the rooms of the castle.
It was once a popular travel destination for European nobles and celebrities; so included Frederick William IV. , Christian VIII. , Otto von Bismarck and Elizabeth von Arnim and Johann Jacob Grümbke to visitors.
After completion, the old hunting lodge was demolished and the “Zur Granitz” inn was built there in 1847. The Granitz forester lived there.
The hunting lodge was owned by the von Putbus family until 1944 and after Malte von Putbus was imprisoned it was under the administration of the National Socialists. It was finally expropriated in the course of the East German land reform and is still in state hands today. After the end of the Second World War, many furnishings were lost in 1945; Some works of art were brought to the Berlin painting depot of the office for the administration of Soviet assets in Germany and in 1953 handed over to the Staatliche Museen Berlin. From 1983 to 1990 the castle was extensively restored and the inventory was added in the old style.
Efforts by the son of Malte von Putbus, Franz Fürst zu Putbus (1927-2004), to regain the family property, failed in court. The building is now used as a museum.
The facility was renovated again at the beginning of the 21st century at a cost of 7.9 million euros.
In the middle of the building, in the former courtyard, the 38 m high central tower rises up after plans by Karl Friedrich Schinkel . Inside it houses a self-supporting spiral staircase with 154 cast iron steps. The static forces of the heavy iron staircase are completely absorbed by the side walls; because it is virtually clamped into the tower.
From the viewing platform on the roof of the tower, which is 144 m above sea level, you have a panoramic view in all directions, but especially over the south and east of Rügen. When the weather is clear you can even see as far as Usedom .
Old hunting rifles , the Deer of the World exhibition and furniture from the 19th century were on display . There are also changing exhibitions, for example of paintings. Under the guidance of experts from the Pomeranian State Museum Greifswald , the premises of the castle on the ground and upper floors were restored, repaired and structurally upgraded from a conservation point of view, and a new permanent exhibition was designed, which opened in 2014.
- André Farin: Wilhelm Malte zu Putbus and his royal residence on the island of Rügen. 5th enlarged edition. Putbus 2015, ISBN 3-00-008844-X .
- Peter Feist: Granitz Hunting Lodge. Kai Homilius Verlag, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-931121-05-4 / K-und-K-Kunsthandel, Berlin 1995, ISBN 3-89706-005-1 . (= The historical place , issue 6.)
- Martin E. Klette: On the history of the Granitz hunting lodge. In: Baltic Studies NF, Volume 87, 2001, pp. 144–167.
- Andreas Vogel: Johann Gottfried Steinmeyer and Putbus. Thomas Helms Verlag , Schwerin 2003, ISBN 3-931185-82-6 . (= Contributions to the history of architecture and the preservation of monuments in Mecklenburg and Western Pomerania , Volume 3.) (Dissertation, University of Jena, 1998.)
- Heike Kramer: Granitz Hunting Lodge. 8th edition. Thomas Helms Verlag , Schwerin 2015, ISBN 978-3-940207-87-6 .
- Administration of the State Palaces and Gardens in Operation for Construction and Properties Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania ( Memento from March 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
- Heike Kramer: Granitz Hunting Lodge. , 8th edition, Schwerin 2015, p. 4 ff.