City of Meiningen
|Height :||321 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||18.08 km²|
|Residents :||875 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||48 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||December 1, 2010|
|Postal code :||98617|
|Area code :||036943|
Parish Church of St. Johann
Herpf is located in the west of the urban area in the Vorderrhön in the valley of the Herpf river of the same name, not far from the 751 meter high Gebaberges . The place is located in the Rhön Biosphere Reserve . The distance to the city center of Meiningen is around six kilometers as the crow flies (road = 10 km).
In Eichigt there are prehistoric burial mounds. In 788 Herpf was mentioned in a document as Heripfe and is the oldest part of Meiningen. The place name is of Old High German origin and can be etymologically derived from the compositional terms heri (large, powerful) and kelt. affa or north German * apa (flowing waters). The place was fortified in the Middle Ages with a moat, double wall and two gates. In the north-west there was a sovereign's castle, it was probably converted into a fortified church at the end of the 15th century. This church was first mentioned in 1447. In 1497 the keep of the former castle was combined with the nave of the church through construction measures. The current hall was built in 1611 with two-story galleries.
After the division of the county of Henneberg in 1660, the place briefly belonged to the Wasungen office until 1672 and then came back to the Maßfeld office. Since 1680 the place belonged to the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen . In 1825 Herpf was incorporated into the Meiningen office.
Herpf was persecuted by witches from 1611 to 1685: Osanna Motz died as the first victim in 1611 in the torture chamber. A total of eight people got into witch trials , at least two were executed. The outcome of three processes is unknown.
On March 11, 2009, an integration contract for the incorporation of Herpf into Meiningen was signed between the municipality of Herpf and the city of Meiningen, which was carried out on December 1, 2010.
Development of the population (December 31) :
- Data source: Thuringian State Office for Statistics, from 2012 Meiningen residents' registration office
The Herpf district council consists of six councilors, all of whom belong to the Herpf electoral community. In the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the electoral community won a seat in the Meiningen City Council with 3.3% of the vote, which is taken by Steffen Huber.
Herpfer's district mayor is Uwe Achtelstetter from the Herpf voter community . He was elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 with 91.6% of the vote. He replaces Petra Jungk, who did not run for election again. Petra Jungk was elected as honorary mayor on June 27, 2004 before the incorporation and was re-elected as mayor of the district on June 6, 2010.
Culture and sights
- Village fortification
- Fortified church
- The Protestant parish church St. Johannis is a choir tower church with a rectangular nave and dates from the years 1611–1620. The staircase doors were made as early as 1497. With its magnificent marbling and gilding, it is an example of the quality of the peasant baroque in the country.
- In the center there are some well-preserved half-timbered houses, most of which have been restored.
Economy and Infrastructure
The busy state road 1124 leads through Herpf from Meiningen to Stepfershausen and Kaltensundheim (continuing towards Fulda ). In the Federal Transport Infrastructure Plan 2030 , a bypass road is planned as a "further requirement" within the framework of the B 87n . Another state road is the L 2621 from Reichenhausen via Herpf and Drei 30acker to Meiningen.
A primary school and the Pusteblume day care center are located in Herpf .
- Georg Wilhelm Keßler (1782–1846), Prussian civil servant ( District President of Arnsberg ) and writer.
- Dieter Hermann (* 1941), athlete and athletics trainer
- Walter Höhn: Thuringian Rhön. Michael Imhof Verlag, Petersberg 2005, ISBN 3-86568-060-7 , p. 117
- thueringenfotos.de - Photos from the village from 1990
- Website of the city of Meiningen
- Information on the website of the Geba Tourist Office
- Residential the city of Meiningen
- Lieselotte Swietek, Wolfgang Swietek: village churches in Thuringia (= Small Thuringia library. 27). Publishing house Thuringia, Erfurt 1992, ISBN 3-86087-014-9 , p. 49.
- Kai Lehmann : Innocent. Witch hunt south of the Thuringian Forest. Over 500 researched cases from the 16th and 17th centuries. Wehry-Verlag, Untermaßfeld 2012, ISBN 978-3-9813902-8-5 , pp. 144 f .; Kai Lehmann : Exhibition "Luther and the Witches". Herpf area, Library Museum Schloss Wilhelmsburg Schmalkalden, 2012; Ronald Füssel: The persecution of witches in the Thuringian area (= publications of the working group for historical witchcraft and crime research in Northern Germany. Vol. 2). DOBU-Verlag, Hamburg 2003, ISBN 3-934632-03-3 , pp. 240–244, (at the same time: Marburg, University, dissertation, 2000).
- Federal Statistical Office: Municipalities 1994 and their changes since 01.01.1948 in the new federal states. Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart 1995, ISBN 3-8246-0321-7 .
- StBA: Changes in the municipalities in Germany, see 1996
- StBA: Area changes from January 01 to December 31, 2010
- meiningen.de Results of local elections on May 26, 2019 in the city of Meiningen, PDF.
- wahlen.thueringen.de district mayor election Herpf.