Office Wasungen

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Office Wasungen was a territorial administrative unit of the county Henneberg . After the Count von Henneberg -Schleusingen died out in 1583, the office came under the joint administration of the Albertine and Ernestine Wettins . By splitting up the county of Henneberg in 1660, the office was assigned to the Duchy of Saxony-Gotha . Afterwards it belonged to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg from 1672 and from 1680 to the Duchy of Saxe-Meiningen through the division of inheritance . The administration of the Wasungen office was connected to the Sand office from 1583 to 1825.

Until the administrative and territorial reform of the duchy of Saxe-Meiningen in 1827 and the related resolution made it as official spatial reference point for claiming nationalistic taxes and labor services , for police , judiciary and military service .

Geographical location

The area of ​​the Wasungen office was in the valley of the central Werra . The part to the right of the Werra belongs to the Thuringian Forest . Some places are located in the side valleys of the lower Schmalkalde , which flows into the Werra in the northern official area. The part to the left of the Werra belongs to the Vorderrhön and included some places in the Herpf and Katzatal .

During his membership in the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen, the office was in the Meininger Unterland . The official area is now in the southwest of the Free State of Thuringia and belongs to the district of Schmalkalden-Meiningen .

Adjacent administrative units

Office Frauenbreitungen (County of Henneberg, after 1680 to Saxony-Meiningen) Office Herrenbreitungen (henneberg.-hess. Condominium, after 1583 to the Hessian rule Schmalkalden) Amt Schmalkalden (henneberg.-hess. Condominium, after 1583 to the Hessian rule Schmalkalden)
Amt Sand (County of Henneberg, after 1680 part of Saxony-Meiningen) Neighboring communities Office Kühndorf (County of Henneberg, after 1660 to the Principality of Saxony-Zeitz, 1718 to Electoral Saxony, 1815 to Prussia)
Amt Maßfeld (County of Henneberg, after 1680 part of Saxony-Meiningen) Amt Meiningen (Hochstift Würzburg, from 1542 County of Henneberg, from 1680 to Saxony-Meiningen)


Rule of the Lords of Wasungen and Counts of Henneberg (12th - 16th centuries)

The noble and very wealthy Siegfried von Wasungen from the older family of the Lords of Wasungen was only mentioned shortly after his death in 1157 and Maienluft Castle in 1190. The younger Wasung family was related to the Counts of Henneberg . It died out around 1230. Around 1228, the small lordship of Wasungen was apparently assigned to the main line of the Counts of Henneberg as a fief. Since then it has belonged to the county of Henneberg . The "Lords of Wasungen", named from 1228 to 1265, were ministeriales of the Counts of Henneberg.

During the Henneberg main division in 1274, the "Cent Wasungen" and the castle fell to the Henneberg- Schleusingen counts . The Central Court in Wasungen was raised by the Roman-German King Albrecht in 1307 to a free regional court with an appeal instance. The Hennebergers were able to limit the influence of the Würzburg jurisdiction on their rule. Graf Berthold VII. Von Henneberg-Schleusingen procured in 1308, the already 1301 "oppidum" said place Wasungen Schweinfurt town rights . After the death of the son of Count Berthold VII von Henneberg-Schleusingen, Count Heinrich VIII , an inheritance in the Henneberg-Schleusingen house was divided between the widow and the count's brother in 1347. As part of the "Althenneberg" country, the Wasungen office came to the share of the new regent, Count Johann I von Henneberg-Schleusingen († 1359).

In the inheritance book of 1340 only Wasungen, Stepfershausen and a few desolations that have merged into the town hall of Wasungen were included in the office . Stepfershausen and the then deserted Träbes went in the 14th century to the Office Maßfeld lost later judicial supremacy went to the centering on Meiningen. In Melkers, which also belonged to the Wasungen department, the Hennebergers had possessions as early as 1317, and further acquisitions followed in 1335. Most of the place later passed into noble hands, but was still under the protection of the office. The village of Zillbach came from Frankenstein property to the County of Henneberg, but soon became desolate. In 1461 it was re-established by glassmakers and assigned to the Wasungen office.

In the 15th century, the office was expanded to the north and south by the Henneberg acquisitions. In the north of the office these were parts of the Schmalkalden rule . Schwallungen , which still belonged to the Schmalkalden rule in 1340, already paid its taxes to Wasungen in 1493, after Henneberg had won state sovereignty for the office and blood jurisdiction for the Zent Wasungen in a tough battle . At the same time, Niederschmalkalden was attached to the office. Möckers came from Herrenbreiter monastery property via the office of Schmalkalden to the local Henneberg monastery vogtei and after its dissolution in 1583 to the office of Wasungen. In the south-east, the Wasung district expanded towards the Würzburg exclave of Meiningen . Metzels was acquired from the property of the Fulda monastery , as well as the deserted areas Günters, Rodzüge and Oberwallbach. The date for Wurzburg enclave Meiningen associated Wallbach acquiesced until 1480 into the official federation.

Between 1299 and 1446, Maienluft Castle can be identified as the administrative center of the Vogtei or the Wasungen Office (with Vogt, gatekeepers, towers and guards). In the period around 1500 it lost its military function and the fortifications began to deteriorate. Although it had survived the Peasants' War undamaged, it was no longer of strategic importance. The medieval Vorwerk was converted into a domain (state property). In 1543/44 the Counts of Henneberg-Schleusingen carried out the Reformation .

The office under the joint administration of the Ernestine and Albertine Wettins

After the Counts of Henneberg died out in 1583, Wasungen came under the joint administration of the Ernestine and Albertine Wettins in accordance with the Kahla Treaty of 1554 . From that time until 1825 the office was administratively united with the neighboring office of Sand . The Todenwarth Castle , which the Hennebergers had built as part of a Landwehr as a protective and customs castle on their rule border, was divided in a recess between the Wettiners and the Landgraviate of Hesse as the owners of the Schmalkalden rule . that is, it was lendable to both princely houses.

In the 16th century, the high court district of the Zent Wasungen included the places Wasungen, Helmers, Mehmels, Möckers, Bonndorf, Solz and the desolations in this area. Schwallungen, Möckers and Niederschmalkalden, which originally belonged to Amt and Zent Schmalkalden, were in fact incorporated into the office with the acquisition of state sovereignty, but this state only became in the 1619 between the Landgraviate of Hessen-Kassel and the Wettinern barter agreement with the transfer of Jurisdiction on Wasungen formally recognized.

Duchies of Saxony-Gotha (-Altenburg) and Saxony-Meiningen (16th - 19th centuries)

When the county of Henneberg was divided up in 1660, Wasungen came under joint administration of the duchies of Saxe-Weimar (1640–1672) and Saxe-Gotha (1640–1680). Already in 1661 both duchies shared their property and the office Wasungen thus came to the duchy of Saxe-Gotha, which from 1672 called itself Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg . As a result of the division in 1660/61, the places Stepfershausen and Herpf came from the Maßfeld office and Utendorf from the Kühndorf office to Saxony-Gotha and were affiliated with the Wasungen office. Furthermore, the jurisdiction over the places Metzels, Wallbach and Melkers passed from the center Meiningen to the office Wasungen. On the other hand, the Zent Wasungen lost the place Solz to the Amt Maßfeld and its rich forests around Zillbach to the Duchy of Saxony- (Weimar) -Eisenach, which have since been administered from Kaltennordheim.

From 1672 the Wasungen office belonged to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg . Stepfershausen and Herpf fell back to the office of Maßfeld that year. When the Duchy of Saxony-Gotha-Altenburg was divided in 1680, the Wasungen office came to the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen . The place Utendorf went to the Meiningen office in 1702.

In 1747 Wasungen was occupied by Duke Friedrich von Sachsen-Gotha in the " Wasung War ". He used a banal Meiningen court ladies' dispute to invade Saxony-Meiningen with army power. Wasungen became the victim and remained occupied until 1748. The changeable military operations around the city went down in history as the greatest tragic comedy of German small states of the 18th century.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the Wasungen office comprised the town of Wasungen, which formed its own lower court district, and the villages of Niederschmalkalden, Möckers, Schwallungen, Bonndorf, Mehmels, Metzels, Wallbach and Melkers. The Wasunger Hochgericht kept the brilliant but empty title “Imperial Freigericht” until the end of its existence. In 1825 the administrative personal union with the Sand Office was abolished and this was given its own bailiff. Melkers was incorporated into the Meiningen office.

As part of the reorganization of the Meininger Unterland , the Wasungen office was dissolved in 1827. After the separation of justice and administration, a judicial office was left in Wasungen for the administration of justice, but the lower administrative authority was relocated to Frauenbreitungen . As early as 1829, the district office Frauenbreitungen was dissolved again and divided into the two administrative offices Wasungen and Salzungen, with the offices of Wasungen and Sand being merged into the former. The jurisdiction was subordinated to the district court Meiningen.

During a structural reorganization of the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen in 1868, the administrative office Wasungen was dissolved and incorporated into the newly founded district of Meiningen with other administrative offices in the Meiningen Unterland .

Associated places

Individual goods
  • Bonndorf
  • Cabbage mill
  • Paper mill
  • Windenhof in case of flooding (low or old flooding in the corridor)
  • The Zwiß, a single inn
  • Former Wilhelmiterkloster in Wasungen (founded in 1282), since the Reformation chamber property
  • Ablas or ales
  • Old or downpours
  • Kralach (Creuwelingen)
  • Diet winches
  • Ober- and Unterdollendorf
  • Grub
  • Grumbach
  • Günthers
  • Helmershof
  • Hergets
  • Jäkershof
  • Kirschenhof (upper and lower courtyard)
  • Körnbach (Oberhof and Unterhof)
  • Leutes or Rolich
  • Mönchsgrund
  • Oekers
  • Oberwallbach
  • Ringels
  • Rod winches
  • Rupperg
  • Schambach (Scambah)
  • Ober- and Unterschwarzbach
  • Saydenthal
  • Sieberts (Sigifrides)
  • Stetten
  • Upper and Niederstauerschlag
  • Streiffhausen
  • Türkenhof (Stettengehauwe)
  • Werners (Werinesbrunno)

The Landgrave of Hessen-Philippsthal owned an estate in Schwallungen. The forests of the Zillbacher, Schwallunger and Wasunger Forst in the Saxon-Meiningian authorities Sand and Wasungen (three parcels) belonged to the exclave Zillbach of the Duchy of Saxony-Eisenach ( Amt Lichtenberg ).

Officials and other administrators

Senior officials
  • Johann Ludwig von Miltitz (1707–1720)
  • Hans Erich von Rabiel (1720–1723)
  • Friedrich Christian Schenk (1723–1746)
  • Konrad Johann Mess (1680–1685)
  • Johann Adam Henning (1685-1696)
  • Caspar Heinrich Rosa (1696–1702)
  • Johann Ernst Reinwald (1702–1733)
  • Ludwig Friedrich Reinwald (1733–1751)
  • Philipp Adam Christian Reinwald (1752–1761)
  • Karl Ludwig Heim (1765–1788)
  • Franz Josias von Hendrich (1788–1791)
  • Karl Friedrich Ludwig (1791–1793)
  • Ernst Christian Deahna (1793–1796)
  • Philipp Jakob Heusinger (1797-1816)
  • Christoph Anton Gottlieb Ilgen (1816–1826)
  • Anton Keßler (1822–1828)
Official Commissioners
  • Christoph Anton Gottlieb Ilgen (1804–1816)
Office Adjuncts
  • Ludwig Friedrich Reinwald (1732–1733)
  • Caspar Tobias Gassert (1680–1684)
  • Johann Siegmund Ehrhardt (1684–1696)
  • Johann Simon Ehrhardt (1701–1728)
Public actuaries
  • Johann Georg Born (1722–1764)
  • Christoph Anton Gottlieb Born (1764–1776)
  • Paul Philipp Hugo (1776–1777)
Office secretaries
  • Paul Philipp Hugo (1777-1800)
  • Christoph Anton Gottlieb Ilgen (1800–1804)
  • Heinrich Molwitz (1805-1807)
  • Georg Anton Otto (1807-1808)
  • Abraham Gottlieb Fromm (1808–1814)
  • Ernst Friedrich Weber (1812-1825)
  • Christoph Schneider (1825-1827)
Official fishermen to Wasungen
  • Konrad Läufer (1658–1696)
  • Hans Fuckel (1722-1732)
  • Johann Abel Malsch (1732–1740)
  • Andreas Tanner (1740–1758)
  • Matthes Burkhardt (1758–1787)
  • Johann Adam Hoffmann (1787)
Official fisherman in Wernshausen
  • Hans Adam Kremmer (1682)
  • Daniel Kremmer (1705–1732)
  • Hans Veit Kremmer (1732–1758)
  • Wilhelm Fischer (1811)
Official fishermen to swell
  • Georg Simon Reif (1813)
Judicial officer of the Wasungen Judicial Office (1827–1829)
  • Ernst Friedrich Weber (1827–1829)
Justice Office Secretary of the Wasungen Justice Office (1827–1829)
  • Karl Richter (1827–1829)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ History of Maienluft Castle in Wasungen
  2. Description of the small medieval town of Wasungen ( Memento of the original from February 22, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.  @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  3. Maienluft ruins in the Rhön Lexicon
  4. The Wasung War in the Rhön Lexicon