Henneberg (Meiningen)

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City of Meiningen
Coat of arms of Henneberg
Coordinates: 50 ° 29 ′ 34 ″  N , 10 ° 21 ′ 18 ″  E
Height : 410 m
Area : 13.2 km²
Residents : 509  (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 39 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : 1st January 2019
Postal code : 98617
Area code : 036945
Henneberg with the Henneburg
Henneberg with the Henneburg

Henneberg is a district of the southern Thuringian district town of Meiningen in the Franconian south of Thuringia . With its castle of the same name, Henneberg was the headquarters of the county of Henneberg .


Henneberg is ten kilometers south of the town center Meiningen at the foot of the Henneburg , the headquarters of the Hennebergers, right on the state border with Bavaria not far from the city of Mellrichstadt . Henneberg is also an exclave of the city of Meiningen and has so far been separated from the Meiningen core city by the municipality of Sülzfeld. Despite this fact and after lengthy negotiations, the Thuringian state government finally agreed to the voluntary incorporation into Meiningen in 2018.


The place at the foot of the Henneberg Castle of the same name was the oldest allod property of the Counts of Henneberg . After the main division of the county of Henneberg into three lines in 1274, the place and the castle lost their importance. From then on, Henneberg belonged to the Henneberg-Schleusingen line. The pledge of half of Henneberg Castle from Schleusinger to the Römhilder line in 1393 probably resulted in the relocation of the Bailiwick of Henneberg to Maßfeld Castle, which was built around 1350 at an important road crossing point . After the Counts of Henneberg died out, the place came under common Saxon administration in 1583 with the Maßfeld office. From 1680 he belonged to the Duchy of Saxony-Meiningen .

The period from 1945 to 1989 was marked by the German-German division , Henneberg Castle was in the restricted area of ​​the inner-German border . The Eußenhausen / Meiningen border crossing was monitored from the keep . The Henneburg no longer existed for research. Border troops were stationed in the town of Henneberg during this time. Access to the border villages was only possible in rare exceptional cases for non-residents. For decades, Henneberg was one of the few border crossing points for southern Thuringia for the citizens of the region and, like the others, was strictly guarded. Of the building complex of the control and security facilities on the Schanz, only the shell ruins of the customs building that was started shortly before the fall of the Wall and the remains of a watchtower are left. Some components of the GDR security systems can now be viewed directly behind the border in neighboring Eußenhausen. In addition, a station on the Friedensweg, which runs along the former death strip, commemorates this time. When the former border area became accessible to the public, residents of Henneberg got involved in a castle club for the Henneburg . On September 12, 1995, the castle passed to the Thuringian Palaces and Gardens Foundation .

From 1995 to 2018 Henneberg was a fulfilled parish of the fulfilling parish of Meiningen . On February 28, 2018, the local council decided to voluntarily integrate into the city of Meiningen as part of the Thuringia regional reform in 2018 and 2019 . With the publication of the law on the reorganization of the municipalities in 2019 in the Free State of Thuringia, Henneberg was incorporated as a district of the city of Meiningen on January 1, 2019.

coat of arms

Blazon : "In gold, standing on a green three-mountain, a red-armored black hen with a red comb and red rag."


District Council

The district council of Henneberg has six seats and consists of two councilors and four councilors. The council members all belong to the Henneberg voter community and were elected in the local elections on May 26, 2019 . Council members Werner Gegenfurtner ( CDU ) and René Schleicher ( SPD ) represent Henneberg in the Meiningen city council as parliamentary group members of their parties. The district administration is based in Henneberg, Henneberger Hauptstrasse 103 (old school).

Until Henneberg was incorporated into Meiningen in 2019, eight council members formed the municipal council, which was last elected in the local elections on May 25, 2014 . The election led to the following results: CDU (56.4% and 5 seats), SPD (33.5% and 2 seats), FDP (10.0% and 1 seat).

District mayor

Reiner Hoßfeld ( SPD ) acted as honorary mayor from 1990 to 1999 and was re-elected in 2016. Since January 1, 2019, he has been the district mayor of Henneberg through the incorporation of Henneberg to Meiningen.

Culture and sights

Henneberg from the Schlossberg


Regular events

The fair is traditionally held on the second weekend in October. In addition, the sports club organizes the sports festival every year at the beginning of July. A medieval spectacle held every two years on the Henneburg is currently on hold.


Landesstrasse 3019 runs past Henneberg as a bypass. In this section it connects Meiningen in Thuringia with Mellrichstadt in Lower Franconia . Directly after Henneberg, the former inner-German border is crossed at the so-called Schanz . The Güldene Brücke was erected here as a memorial after German reunification . Furthermore, former border security systems are displayed in a small fenced-off area; the old border watchtower was also left as a memorial.


Henneberg is on the L3019 (formerly B 19 ), which is a bypass road around the town. In the village, the district road K 2526 branches off to Bauerbach (3 km east) and Ritschenhausen (6 km east). The K 62 also leads to Einödhausen and the Grabfeld community . The closest motorway connections to the A 71 are:

  • Junction 22 Meiningen-Süd (approx. 11 km northeast)
  • Junction 23 Rentwertshausen (approx. 11 km southwest)
  • Junction 24 Mellrichstadt (approx. 11 km south)

Henneberg is connected to the core city of Meiningen with the bus line 408 of the Meiningen bus company . The place is on the Franconian Marienweg .

Sons and daughters of the church

Web links

Commons : Henneberg (Thuringia)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Residents' registration office of the city of Meiningen
  2. The place Henneberg in Rhon lexicon
  3. Thuringian Law and Ordinance Gazette No. 14/2018 p. 795 ff.
  4. Main statutes of the municipality of Henneberg .
  5. meiningen.de/media Results of local elections on May 26, 2019 in the city of Meiningen, PDF.
  6. Thuringian State Office for Statistics 2014 municipal council election in Thuringia - final result for Henneberg.